• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Decommissioning has still not been achieved, despite the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Loyalist and Nationalist communities still show open hostility towards each other. With reference to the following events can you explain why

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Decommissioning has still not been achieved, despite the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Loyalist and Nationalist communities still show open hostility towards each other. With reference to the following events can you explain why? * The Easter Rising of 1916 and its aftermath to 1922 + partition * The civil rights Marches and Bloody Sunday 1968 - 1972 * The Enniskillen bomb 1987 * The Omagh bomb 1998 The reasons for the hostilities between the Catholics and Protestants are deep rooted back as far as the 18th century, however the more recent problems have been created from instances in this century. For instance, the Easter Rising, Bloody Sunday, and later the Omagh and Ennis Killen bomb. This, with the lack of a satisfactory resolve, has led to a serious lack of trust between the communities. When you look at the reasons for hostilities, it is hardly surprising, that neither group will decommission. The IRA refuse to decommission until the British army has been removed from Ireland, whereas the British army is unable to leave until all fear of terrorist action has been eliminated, and this can only be achieved by the IRA decommissioning, and the DUP refuse to decommission until the IRA have. ...read more.

Middle

The British also, under the command of General Sir John Maxwell, made many political errors, as his orders were to "put down the rebellion with all possible speed". As the rebels had no uniform, the British, who were mainly untrained soldiers, shot at Irish males almost on sight. They also destroyed a rebel stronghold, which happened to be the General Post Office, in all it is estimated they caused 2,500,000 pounds of damages. Then punishment was swift and brutal, with the leaders being court-marshaled and shot, before their punishment was announced to the public. Connolly, an Irish leader who was executed, was so ill at the time he had to sit in a chair to be shot, as he could not stand. Eventually Britain realized their mistake and fired Maxwell, but the damage had been done and was not forgotten. After the rebellion, over 3,000 Irish prisoners were released and set up a new stronger IRA, now with the backing of the people. Lloyd George then tried a gesture of appeasement that was completely boycotted by Sinn Fein. In 1918 all but one of the leaders of the new independence, Michael Collins then led a series of guerrilla wars and in 1919 the first shots of a new rebellion were fired. ...read more.

Conclusion

Enniskillen was seen as an insult to the people that gave up their lives to fight against Germany, while Omagh was just three weeks after the Good Friday agreement. This showed Protestants that Gerry Adams had little or no control over the many splinter groups of the IRA, and so they had no reason to trust them. It also showed that they had learned nothing from the Civil Rights Marches and hunger strikes, which showed them that the peaceful protests gained much more support than the violent bombing campaigns. The Good Friday agreement itself brought a lack of trust towards the British from the Protestants, as they were holding talks with Sinn Fein about the future of N. Ireland without including them. They also felt it was an agreement that would benefit the Catholics, more than it would benefit themselves. All these events force a lack of trust toward the different communities, and stop them from decommissioning. If it wasn't for Bloody Sunday and The Easter Rising, there may not have been a bombing campaign, yet it is the bombing campaign that keeps the British in Ireland, which in turn stop the IRA and DUP from decommissioning. It is this fact that halts the peace talks from going forward. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The following events have all helped shape the course of Irish history in the ...

    Violence did die down by the end of year because of arrests and the discoveries of ammunition though. Internment also increased tension and bitterness between the Catholic and Protestant communities. The deployment of troops in many ways made the situation Northern Ireland worse than it was already, they went onto

  2. Why was it so hard to establish a regional police force in Northern Ireland ...

    were getting fed up with the war, so they began peace talks. He persuaded the leader of the IRA to agree to the partition of Ireland and it was decided that 6 counties with the most unionists would stay part of Britain.

  1. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    He was in contact with the Fenians, although he didn't accept their revolutionary programme. In 1879 he headed the 'Land War' as leader of the Irish National Party. The Land War involved little violence, and the strongest tactic developed by it was the 'boycott' method, where organised tenants would refuse

  2. 1. Why did the IRB and the ICA continue with the uprising despite the ...

    Question 2. Why did the uprising fail? From the rebels point of view, they considered themselves to have a very good chance of winning, though the overlooked many key strategic elements. There was also a division in the rebels who were bickering and could not agree on many subjects.

  1. 'What has the Belfast Agreement of Good Friday, 10 April 1998, achieved?'

    Though this issue does not look like the Belfast Agreement can solve it, as Sinn Fein still refuse to sit on the police reform board. This issue again highlights the success of the Agreement in being responsible for laying down foundations for reform in Northern Ireland.

  2. Underline the main features of The Good Friday Agreement \And what violations have caused ...

    The British-Irish Council provides a forum for the representatives of the London and Dublin governments, the devolved institutions in Belfast, Cardiff and Edinburgh as well as the crown dependencies of the Channel Isles and the Isle of Man. Finally, the British-Irish Intergovernmental Conference brings together the two governments to promote bi-lateral co-operation.

  1. What Events Made The Signing Of The Good Friday Agreement Possible?

    Isle of Man to discuss areas of common concern; release within two years of paramilitary prisoners belonging to organisations observing the ceasefire; a two year target for decommissioning of paramilitary weapons; the modification of the Irish 'constitutional claim' to Northern Ireland; legislation for Northern Ireland on policing, human rights and equality.

  2. The train pulled into the station slowly.

    The black woman was actually there, so close... Chioma's father always told her that a smile is the most precious gift she could offer another person, and he always referred to one as a seal of mutual understanding and friendship.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work