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Deng and the Gang of Four

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Introduction

Deng and 'the Gang of Four' (1) Strengths * Lots of supporters in party and army * Natural survivor * Worked with Zhou Enlai on 4 moderations of China's economy, which increased support. * 1977 - appointed Chairman * Carried out 'Deng Revolution' tried to revolutionize China in a new way. Weaknesses * Had been out of politics circle for many years * He was quite old, didn't understand modern tactics and views * Weaker than the gang of 4. (2) Deng is trying to project an image of the new China as more modern and capitalist than before. We can see this as behind him in the picture are modern buildings looking somewhat like new factories that were built during the Ten Year Plan. The image also features a regulated army that shows the new organisation of China. He is riding a modern car, which promotes capitalist ideas. He is trying to improve the situation of poverty. Deng is also trying to project himself as a leader with his hand up with soldiers lined up for him. (3) He used bullying tactics and tried to humiliate prisoners. This gave China a bad reputation with other countries. Deng also tried to be similar to Mao as possible by dressing like him and showing his faithfulness by the 'two whatevers.' This backfired, however as he wanted to get rid of Mao's policies as they were getting in his way. ...read more.

Middle

(10) Deng Xiaoping and his supporters realized that without economic advances the future position of the CCP would be untenable. The goal therefore became the succinctly stated "Four Modernizations" originally put forward by Premier Zhou in the 1970s modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology. Deng Xiaoping was one of the old revolutionary fighters and a survivor of the legendary Long March. And, having long been among the top leaders and an ally of Zhou Enlai, he still had a lot of respect in the Party, which showed that he knew all of Mao's strategies and how he thought, Deng just wanted to improve and fix what Mao did wrong. He has seen as someone that freed China and made them more independent. However, his policies are now very much discredited. A common saying is now, "Well, Mao thought...." It is something that has come to mean, outdated and old. Mao's period awarded only communities on quotas met, while under the leadership of Deng, hardworking individuals reaped the benefits of their hours of toil. In the eras of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, China underwent great changes that affected the freedoms of individuals and communities. Mao impaired individual rights with his Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution, which sought to unify the nation under a single cause and bring China under uniform thought as well. ...read more.

Conclusion

Like the movement in 1989, students led it and it started in Tiananmen Square. It celebrated the Enlightenment ideals of democracy and science, even as it attacked western imperialism and Confucian culture. The protesters in 1989 proclaimed themselves to be the true heirs of the May 4 Movement and fought for the same ideals. When Deng introduced SEZ's (Special Economic Zones) modeled on Hong Kong. They helped increase China's exports by 500% and foreign investments had quadrupled. Therefore, this took away China's economic problems and helped them catch up with the world's superpowers. As China maintains high levels of economic growth, it faces problems of social polarization, corruption, and environmental degradation on an unprecedented scale. In response, a new wave of popular protest and social activism is sweeping across China. Tens of thousands of protests and petitions happen every year. Deng wanted to keep "to the socialist road, upholding the people's democratic dictatorship, upholding leadership by the Communist Party and up-holding Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought". The Chinese Communist Party still has the absolute right to govern, in politics Deng was a hardliner. As China maintains high levels of economic growth, it faces problems of social polarization, corruption, and environmental degradation on an unprecedented scale. In response, a new wave of popular protest and social activism is sweeping across China. Tens of thousands of protests and petitions happen every year. Household responsibility system, opposite of collectivization. Foreign investments, inconceivable to Mao. Capitalist business methods. Changes were dramatic. ...read more.

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