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Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War.

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Introduction

GCSE Coursework- British Rule in India 1. Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War. (15) By the end of the First World War the British Rule in India was still powerful, but would soon break down. However, thousands of Indians fought in the war hoping that in return they would be given home rule. It would have been difficult to win without the invaluable help of the Indians and their constant supply of manpower. India was a vast supplier of raw materials to Britain and would in return buy British manufactured goods. Two- thirds of India was governed by the British, whilst the remainder was governed by Indian princes. The princely state rulers kept their power by signing treaties with the British. Signing these treaties would make the Indian princes loyal supporters to the British Raj. British judges, army officers and police officers all were involved when it came to controlling India. However, Indians served s police officers, lawyers and as solider. But there were always British officers and officials above them. The power was within the members of the Indian Civil Service, who were responsible for administering India, settling disputes and encouraging economic development. India had been run by direct rule, (when the person running the country is physically in the country they own), which was what the Viceroy did, but still had to answer to the British Parliament and indirect rule (when someone has to refer to someone else when it comes to making decisions, laws and rules). ...read more.

Middle

But the British were very clever when it came to giving away power because their main priority was to give the Indians as much influence and power without the British in fact giving away all their power, but still they saw the threat of the Indian people. As a result, Nehru was able to persuade Congress to vote for independence and the 21st of January 1930 was now known as Independence Day. In London the Round Table Conferences were held. Representatives of all British political parties and all political opinion in India were included. The reasons for the Round Table Conferences to be held were because the Dyrachy was not successful and the Simon Commission was a failure. They discussed the franchise, finance and the role of the Indian states but they could not reach any decisions. The Government of India Act was the result from the Round Table Conferences. For the first time Indians had played a significant part in the government of their Country. Still, the government still had the real control. India was to be divided into eleven provinces with each one having legislative assembly and a provincial government. A governor would be appointed for each province that retained the power to act in an emergency such as protecting the interest of minorities or to maintain law and order. ...read more.

Conclusion

Jinnah wanted a separate Pakistan for Muslims, but had been prepared to accept the Cabinet Mission's proposals of a united India with built in safe guards for Muslims. One of Jinnah's decision for a peaceful demonstration and gone wrong and turned violent. In Calcutta there was fighting between Hindus and Muslims wish resulted in 5,000 deaths, whilst the British could do nothing (this now increased the chance of civil war). The Viceroy now told Britain that the situation in India was getting out of control. In conclusion, I do think that the British had given the Indians plenty of chances and opportunities to give them some sort of power, and did fail in its attempts to reform India, but at the same time didn't (as Indians were given hope and power). But they failed because the Indians had one thing on their mind which was self government, which would also show why they'd rejected many of the acts. Also by how the situation would keep getting worse with the Indians becoming more and more frustrated. Such as how the Indians were always thought of as second best by the quotes from the Sources "If riding a pony, an Indian was expected to dismount and lead the pony" not only is that humiliating for having to do that in your own country but is undeserved. The Indians could not get very high jobs in the hierarchy, and if were given the chance would not be given very secure positions, and only few would be given out. - 1 - ...read more.

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