• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War

Extracts from this document...


Q1, Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War. The British Government took over responsibility for governing India from 1858. The Viceroy was appointed by parliament and was the representative of the Monarch. The Viceroy governed with help of Imperial Legislative Council. The Council passed laws for India. To support him, the Viceroy had an administration about 70,000 civil servants and soldiers which were filled by British who came from Britain. Only 60% of India was governed by the British. The rest was governed by Indian Princes who owned states. Altogether there were 562 states. Some were very large with 14million inhabitants; others were very small with about 200 inhabitants. The Princes retained their power by signing treaties with British. The All Indian Muslim League was set up in 1906, at first its members did not campaign for an independent Muslim state. Its aims were to protect Muslim minorities in areas of India where they were outnumbered by Hindus. The INC was the Indian National Congress. ...read more.


Less than 2 per cent of the population Indians could actually vote. The reforms tended to divide Hindu and Muslim communities by treating them as separate communities. This was very difficult to change once it was introduced. In order to settle the unrest George V held the great Delhi Durbar in 1911, where he announced the two parts of Bengal would be reunited. In the outbreak of World War 1 in August 1914, the Indian government declared war on Germany to support the British. This decision was decided by the many Indians who supported Britain during the war. This led to 1.25 million Indians volunteering to fight in the British Army in Middle East and on the western front. The war benefited the Indian economy when demands for Indian cotton and other raw materials rose rapidly, which led to an increase in employment. The Indians hoped that supporting the British government in the war against Germany would lead them to Home Rule. Indians were encouraged by the fact that they fought alongside the British as equals. ...read more.


However, this was unacceptable to the many Indians who had expected a reward for helping the British during the war. Violence increased as details of the reform increased. This was made worse when India was hit by the Spanish influenza epidemic of 1919-1920 and more than 13 million people died. The Rowlatts Acts were passed as a solution to the report given by the Rowlatt commission on how the British Government is losing control of the situation especially when the Defence of India Act was passed. The Acts enabled the Indian government to arrest and imprison trouble makers without trial and allowed judges to try offenders without a jury. The Acts were a serious mistake as they were opposed by all Indian members of the Imperial Legislative Council. The Acts made an impression that the promises made by Montagu - Chelmsford Reforms meant nothing. Just after World War 1 Indians were expecting a form of self government but the Acts suggested the British Government had no intention of leaving India. The Rowlatts Acts stirred up Indian opinion against the British. ?? ?? ?? ?? Uggy ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. History: India Independence Coursework

    Even the British were unable to stop the violence, and in result of this, they decided to demobilise the British armed forces as 'rapidly as possible...until further notice'. Source G is from a report written by Field Marshal Auchinleck, the Commander-in-chief of the Indian Army, on 14 August 1947.

  2. Gallic war

    57 - Caesar's troops are now involved in some other skirmishes; Caesar attacked rebellious allies in north of Gaul, attacked and defeated the Nervii (Normandy), defeated the Belgian Gauls. - Caesar again used the excuse that he was acting to defend Rome's allies (the Remi tribe).

  1. Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War.

    But during the course of the war this support started to decline because there was a shortage of food, and in result there was a tax increase, since so much money was being sent to Britain. This then just gave the Indians more reason to want their independence.

  2. In what ways were the lives of children on the home front affected by ...

    With rationing in place it meant that more people had equal amounts of food. Even all restaurants, except 6 plush hotels in London, had to charge 5 shillings (25p) for a meal. Which meant that anyone could get a meal for a special occasion.

  1. The End of White Majority Rule in South Africa Coursework

    It meant that many shops wouldn't stock South African goods, meaning that South Africa would lose a lot of money. Many business people would boycott South Africa, and wouldn't invest in South Africa .

  2. To What Extent Was the Indian Mutiny of 1857-1858 the Sole Responsibility of the ...

    The extent to which this is true is debatable. Charles Grant, who later became the chairman if the Court of Directors of the East India Company thought that "the conversion of Indians to the 'truth' - Western Christian truth - would not only raise their moral standards" [4], but would make them less ignorant and therefore make them better people.

  1. The events of 1857-8 are extremely significant and have changed India dramatically into the ...

    Large areas of the country remained unaffected by what the Indians called "the devil's wind." So had the revolt been? Was it just a military mutiny in a part of the army, as the British believed, or a national uprising, as later Indian historians have argued?

  2. How and why writers have explored different views of the First World War. ...

    It also shows that the soldiers know they are going to die because otherwise they would never confide in each other like they do. I think that Blackadder goes forth is very well written because it is a way of showing how serious and awful world war one was but saying it in a comical way.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work