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Describe How Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939.

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Introduction

Describe How Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933to 1939 On 30th January 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. At the time there were 566,000 Jews living in Germany. In March of the same year, only a matter of weeks of being in power, the first concentration camps are opened. These were the Dachau camp near Munich, Buchenwald near Weinmar, Sachsenhausen near Berlin and Ravensbruck for women. Before 1933, the Nazis had openly expressed their hatred for the Jews and on 1st April 1933 they began their attack on them. On this day the Nazis staged a boycott of Jewish shops and businesses. They did this by telling people that not to buy things from these shops and on the day SA men stood outside the shops and discouraged people from going inside. In July 1933, the Nazis passed a number of laws. One of which was that the Nazi party was the only legal party in Germany. This meant that even if the people did not like what was happening they could not change it because they could not start their own parties or vote for any other party apart from Nazi. They also passed a law stripping Jewish immigrants from Poland of their German citizenship. This made them inferior to normal Germans. Another law passed at the time was the allowing of forced sterilisation of those found by a Hereditary Health Court to have genetic defects. ...read more.

Middle

Also, Jews were no longer allowed to marry Aryans, nor have sexual relationships with them. The already existing marriages between Jews and Aryans were no longer valid. Jews were also banned from parks, restaurants and swimming pools. The new race laws included that Rabbis and other leading Jewish leaders were stopped from preaching or speaking publicly. Jewish newspapers and magazines that had carried on publishing after October 1933, when the law stated that Jews could not be newspaper editors, were suspended. The writers and editors were arrested. In 1936, the Olympic games were held in Berlin. This was good for the Jews because Hitler and other leading Nazi officials wanted to create a good impression to the foreign visitors, and therefore they left the Jews alone while the world was focused on Germany. In 1937, Jews were banned from many professional occupations including teaching Germans, accountant or dentists. They were also denied tax reductions and child allowances. 1938 saw a big attack on the Jews again after a couple of quiet years. On 22nd of April, Nazis prohibited Aryan "Front Ownership" of Jewish businesses. This meant that some Aryans had seemed to take over Jewish businesses when really the profits were still going to the Jews. Four days later, the Nazis ordered Jews to register their wealth and property. Then on 14th June, Nazis ordered that all Jewish owned businesses had to be registered. On 6th July, Nazis prohibited Jews from trading and providing a variety of specified commercial services. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some Jews in desperation to keep these valuables, swallowed them and then had to go through their own excrement to retrieve them. On 30th April, Jews lost their rights as tenants and could be relocated to Jewish homes without reason or notice. In September 1939, Jews in Germany were forbidden to be outdoors after 8 p.m. in the winter and 9 p.m. in the summer. If Jews broke this curfew they would be imprisoned. Things got worse for the Jews in Germany from 1933 to 1939 because of Hitlers control over Germany through the SS, which acted as a special police, the SA, which were the Nazis own army. They spread all of the Nazis policies to the public, which made them the link between Hitler and the people of Germany. On 26th April 1933, the Gestapo was created Herman Goring. They policed the German State of Prussia but soon spread to main Germany and worked as undercover spies most of the time. Another problem for the Jews was the expansion of Germany. In 1936, the Nazis occupied the Rhineland, in 1938 Nazi troops entered Austria and in 1939 the Nazis invaded Poland. In Hitlers eyes this made the Jewish problem bigger and therefore the treatment of the Jews grew worse. Many Jews tried to leave Germany and in July 1938, in France, the U.S. convened a League of Nations conference with delegates from 32 countries to consider helping the Jews fleeing Hitler, but results with no action taken because no country would accept them. Mark Aucott ...read more.

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