• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe how the Nazis used the Reichstag Fire to increase their power in Germany 1933-1934

Extracts from this document...


Nazi Germany Assignment Q. 2 describe how the Nazis used the Reichstag Fire to increase their power in Germany 1933-1934. On the 27th February 1933, the Reichstag building in Berlin was set on fire. The fire was blamed on communists and a communist, Van Der Lubbe, and he was executed. There was to be an election on the 5th of March, so Hitler used the Reichstag fire to increase his power and make the Nazis a single party dictatorship. This question will explain how. On the 30th of January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. Hitler felt that this was not enough, that his grip on Germany wasn't tight enough; the Nazis did not have a majority in the Reichstag. Hitler still did not have enough power, he was one of three Nazis, in a cabinet of twelve and Hitler did not feel safe as president Hindenburg could dismiss him at any time, so Hitler started to take control, first he called fresh elections. ...read more.


Hitler was right wing and they were left wing, so Hitler was more than likely to blame the communists and the communists were opponents in the election and any way he could, Hitler would eliminate his opponents. Hitler said that the communists were against Germany because the Reichstag stood for Germany and to burn it down would be destroying Germany and democracy. Hitler used the fire as an excuse to arrest 4000 communists on the night of the fire, which was eliminating opponents. Hitler made sure everyone knew about what the communists had done. He used radio and newspapers but the left wing papers were banned and the communists were blamed entirely, this way everyone knew that the communists had set fire to the Reichstag. On the 28th of February 1933, an emergency law was passed; Decree for the protection and the people of the state. ...read more.


The 2nd of May saw all independent trade unions close down. Nazi storm troopers occupied their offices and their leaders were arrested, many were sent to concentration camps. All the workers now became part of an official trade union called the German Labour front. On the 26th of May the communist party was banned and one month later the social democratic party was banned. On the 14th of July a law was passed against the formation of parties. This meant there were only legal political parties in Germany. The Reichstag fire in January was to blame for starting what occurred in the following 6 months, but even if the fire had not happened then Hitler would have found another excuse to eliminate his opponents. Hitler had always said that there would be no leader unless it was he and in august 1934 they became true. The Reichstag fire was a stepping stone to dictatorship of the Nazi party, it eventually gave them the power they wanted. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Describe and explain the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi's (with reference ...

    Here are Hitler's views on how to influence the masses of the people; "The receptive powers of the masses are very restricted, and their understanding is feeble. On the other hand they quickly forget. Such being the case of all effective propaganda must be confined to a few bare essentials

  2. How Far Did The Nazis Control Everyday Life In Germany After 1933

    Jews During his years in Vienna Hitler found a deep hatred for the Jews. This may have been because they were often so wealthy as they usually ran banks, also as he was often mistaken for one and regularly insulted for this.

  1. How the Nazis use the Reichstag fire to increase their power in Germany in ...

    Hitler needed the SA, the SA was made by Hitler. He used them to gain power of Germany. Most of them were nothing other than thugs and criminals used in the threatening and bullying of winning control of the streets and stopping there opponents plans and activities.

  2. IGCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Source Analysis of the Reichstag Fire

    Therefore, he created a book like shown in Source D to make people not support the communists. The book was to emphasize to blame even more so that the people of Germany would be more convinced that the communists were the ones who started the fire.

  1. Studies of Sources from the Reichstag Fire - who was responsible?

    This would make him very biased and not in favour of Nazi views, so would try to make them look bad so this makes this now unreliable. As he left Germany, he got his book published outside of it; he could not tell the whole truth as and get away with it as he would not be under Nazi control.

  2. History Coursework – the Reichstag Fire

    We later see how Hitler takes advantage of events when he re-militarises the Rhineland and this supports the view that Hitler is an opportunist. Source D is the cover of a book released by the Nazis entitled "Armed Uprising". It is written by a Nazi and published shortly after the Reichstag fire.

  1. Hitler and the Nazis - how the Nazis gained power and how they used ...

    A one-party state: The political parties were also "Nazify". The Communists had been outlawed after the Reichstag fire, the Social Democrats were banned on June 1933, the small liberal parties (DDP, DVP and the conservative DNVP) disbanded themselves. Hitler had no more opposition, and by the middle of 1933 he secured his position from any political threat in Germany.

  2. Describe the steps by which Hitler transformed himself from Chancellor to Dictator (January 1933 ...

    The new law formally appointed commissioners to these states. Elected state assemblies were dissolved and Reich Governors (often Nazi Gauleiter) were put in control of these states. This law further consolidated Hitler?s powers. The Night of the Long Knives, 30 June 1934, cleansed the Nazi Party of Hitler?s potential threats.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work