• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century

Extracts from this document...


1. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century Jaidip Vekaria Law and order changed dramatically during the 1800s and the new police force faced many problems because Britain's population was growing and so was the number of crimes being committed. The police had to make changes and improve the force to ensure that crime was being reduced. The enforcement of law and order was as it had been since the Middle Ages in Victorian Britain. The main people in charge of law and order were the Justices of the Peace (J.P.s) who were appointed by the king and were helped by constables and watchmen. There were two police forces in London at the start of the 1800s, the 'Bow Street Runners' which had been set up in 1750 and founded by a London magistrate named Henry Fielding. He wanted to do something about con men, beggars, thieves and prostitutes lurking around in Bow Street. He gathered some men and armed them with handcuffs, a pistol, and a stick and told them to catch as many criminals as possible and soon they got their official name. ...read more.


This was because the tactics of dealing with crime was inefficient and caused problems for the police; they usually were armed with truncheons and cutlasses and they were often attacked because of the hatred towards them by the public who didn't like the idea of a new police force. What's more, there was a rise in homicide, robbery, theft and burglary in London as a result of the Industrial Revolution. When the Metropolitan Police Force was set up, police still faced many problems. During the early years of the Metropolitan Police Force, they were met with many problems. One major issue was the fact the recruits were not suitable, they were often very drunk and many resigned or were sacked from the force. The recruits also only had a little training such as marching/drilling; they were not trained to solve crimes and only to stop crowds. Also, the public, mainly working class people, truly hated the police and they often attacked them and in one instance some policemen, or 'bobbies' and 'peelers' as the police were called because of their founder Sir Robert Peel, were run over by a coach and were seriously injured. ...read more.


However, the methods used by detectives to solve murders were not advanced; they only had just learnt the usefulness of footprints. On the other hand, there was some forensic advancement when a torn paper used for pistol wadding matched the paper recovered from the wound in the victim. In 1879, some rules were made when a murder had taken place such as not touching the victim's body until it was analysed. Also, in the early twentieth century, the police first used photographs to keep profiles of criminals and also to take photos of crime scenes as evidence. There was also further progress when fingerprinting was introduced in the early twentieth century and in 1902 the first person was convicted due to fingerprinting. Police developments grew dramatically during the late nineteenth century. Overall, law and order improved significantly over the course of the nineteenth century. By 1900, the police force had changed considerably and made some improvements since the early 1800s such as having a detective department within the Metropolitan Police Force. Although the new force had improved, they were still by far not the best police force as their tactics in solving crime was still not very efficient but the police were really trying to prevent and solve crimes at any rate during the 1800s. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Rebecca Riots

    as they all tell us about the new kind of violence - the attacks on tollgates. The second extract from The Carmarthen Journal written on the 23rd June seems to be quite terrifying. It talks about how the workers were ordered outside, a woman was assaulted, and anything the rioters could find was thrown outside.

  2. Is Quarry Bank Mill a typical example of manufacture and production in a British ...

    This piece of evidence I would have to say is relatively reliable, but the person could be exaggerating. In comparison to other mills, the working conditions were just as bad in other mills as well as Styal. An apprentice from Cressbrook Mill said, "We went to our work at

  1. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    In the December of 1875 all Sioux Indians were ordered to return to the reservations allocated to them and the army was ordered to class those who refused as hostile. On the 25th of June an army of 600 American soldiers under the command of General Custer marched against the

  2. Was Oystermouth Castle typical of the castles built in Wales during the middle Ages?

    However archaeologists have been unable to find its location, if present in the castle. The later stages of the castles role differ greatly from many other castles due to local events from past years, making the castle suffer in later years, as it was unable to keep up with general development of castle making.

  1. How and Why Did The Rebecca Riots Develop?

    We know that landowners had promised to pay money to the church, therefore so did the tenant farmers. This secondary source is fairly factual, highlighting yet another way of taxing farmers. The source states that most of the people (farmers)

  2. History of London - planning a series of museum exhibits to show London from ...

    Next to this exhibit there is the Victorian art world, which will be a dark room that has art and explanation of each. The most famous artists were Val Prinsep and Frederic Leighton. The school board and education for all which was made in 1870, which provided education for public

  1. Roosevelt's New Deal

    The year 1938 was known as "a depression within a depression''. However, under the revenue pressures brought on by the depression, most states added or increased taxes, including sales as well as income taxes. Unemployment rose to a very high extent in 1938.

  2. Describe Law and Order in the Nineteenth Century.

    Local Magistrates wanted to disperse the crowd and, after the special constables and two detachments of a volunteer cavalry had failed, the army was called in to clear the area.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work