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Describe Law and Order in the late 19th Century

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Describe Law and Order in the late 19th Century In the 19th century, towns grew rapidly as more people moved to them. This is because for the first time, places like London, Liverpool, and Manchester became big industrial cities. There was lots of unemployment in East London, because many unskilled people moved from the countryside to the city. They lacked the skills to get a decent job, which resulted in many people turning to crime; such as pick- pocketing and shoplifting. The only help for poor people was provided by workhouses where conditions were very tough. As lower class women had no education and skills to find a job, many turned to prostitution as the only way to survive. There was very little hygiene. ...read more.


They would attack the people with their truncheons so deaths were common. This gained the police a violent reputation, so they were unpopular with the public. A big problem with the police was drunkenness; one policeman was sacked after only 4 hours for being drunk whilst on duty. This meant that policemen couldn't concentrate on tackling crime. They also had to work long shifts- sometimes 14 hours a day, 7 days a week. This would have led to them doing a poor job. They did not get much training, and only concentrated on dealing with public disturbances. This meant they weren't really dealing with crime, mainly just social issues. However, the police weren't a complete failure, as by the end of the 1800s, the streets were much more peaceful because of the regular patrols by policemen. ...read more.


Transportation was when British convicts were transported to Australia and made to do work like building. The death rates were one in three. This punishment was used for crimes like robbery and theft, and the ages ranged from nine to eighty years old. In prison, the conditions were horrible, and disease was common. Prisoners were made to do hard, boring work, in total silence in order to break their will and self-respect. Punishments had changed by the late 19th century as there was no more transportation or pillory, and the general conditions of prisons had been improved. In conclusion, there was a lot of improvement by 1900. The streets were much more peaceful due to regular patrols by the Metropolitan police force, and also because the CID was set up to reduce crime. Punishments had also been improved so they were less inhumane. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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