• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe law and order in the late nineteenth century

Extracts from this document...


Describe Law And Order In The Late Nineteenth Century? In the late nineteenth century, Law and Order had improved due to the Justice system and Police force being introduced. The police were relatively new, but they were beneficial to the protection of the citizens. As beforehand, there were the Bow street runners and the Thames river police force. The Bow street runners were originally set up by Sir Thomas De Veil, then was taken over by Henry and John Fielding in 1749. They introduced a new tactic of employing thief-takers 'runners' who, when a crime was commited they would report back to the magistrates to detect the culprit. This was to increase the certainity for criminals to know that they will be detected and maybe even prosecuted. The Thames river police came about when criminals started to commit crimes nearer the docks and shipping in the 1800. However, these systems didn't seem to last long as the community was in great need of a professional police force, as law and order had been lacking in organisation. The Justice system was particulary exquisite with handling cases such as, crimes of murder and treason. Although, the public seemed to believe they favoured the rich and ignored the needs of the poor. This might be due to the fact the lower class were much more likely to commit crimes, as they were so poor they had no other option. By this, the number of punishments started to increase and the extremity of torture started to expand. This is due to different people commiting different crimes (e.g pickpocketing, murder), and if they are given the wrong punishment for something minor or very serious, then it could cause a serious riot among the people and they may as well commit that same crime time and time again. There were many developments made in the late nineteenth century, until 1829 law and order had been lacking in organisation. ...read more.


This was mainly because the victim had to pay for their case to be heard, and in many circumstances the people were poor and could not afford it. Solictitors and lawyers were rarely used as the cost for them was exceedingly high. So in many cases the victim was to conduct their own case, which often became unwinable. Before 1800, a vast majority of political protests had been commited by the middle and upper class. However, in the mid-nineteenth century the working class used riots and protests to show the government their unhappiness, as they had no vote. These protest groups include Chartists, the Luddites, Swing riots and Anti-corn law league. All the public unrest on the social and economic changes, followed the Industrial revolution. Between 1810-1820 crimes rose rapidly, as it was the end of the French wars. This led to an increase in poverty and unemployment, which increased the rate of crimes as people were hungry and had no other option to turn to. This of course, led the criminal to a severe consequence they had to face up to, one was the large set of gallows known as the 'three legged mare'. This was where a number of criminals could be hanged at the same time. Public executions like this drew massive public attraction, as it was seen as entertainment of over 200,000 people, people even shut their businesses just to see innocent/guilty people die. This however, instead of decreasing crime it encouraged crime, as it was an ideal place for prostitutes, pickpockets and armed robbers. This could of easily been resisted by not having public executions but instead. still having the execution but without a public audience. However, capital punishment ended in 1868, but led to huge increase within prisons. Although this was a very popular punishment used and known, the most famous punishment was known as 'The Bloody Code'. 'The Bloody Code' was used for even the most minor crimes, which in nowadays aren't even crimes (cutting down trees) ...read more.


They were forced to work from dawn to dusk at backbreaking tasks. If disobeyed, they were usually whipped, chained in ions or sometimeds even executed. However, after a while transportations became to expensive for the government to persue. Government looked for cheaper solutions to the criminal problems at home. Also, legal settlers in Australia resented having the prisoners sent to them. The government remembered the rebellion of the American colonies and decided to end the system. The last transportation took place in 1868, but only a small proportion of prisoners had been sent to Australia since gold was discovered there in 1851. They came to the decision of Australia because it was an unknown place at the edge of the world. This imparticular would frighten the public, as they wouldn't know were they were heading to. Another reason to consider for the decision of Australia, was that it would help Britain to claim Australia as part of there empire and to build up a control over the region. To stop France and other rivals gaining whatever resources Australia had. In conclusion, law and order in the late nineteenth century needed alot of improvements, however there were many improvements compared to what it once was. The punishments grew to be alot harsher, which led people to stop committing crimes until prisons were introduced and crimes again increased as many people thought that prisons were nicer than their own homes. Also, law and order in the late nineteenth century led to regulating the Metropolitan police force due to one man named Sir Robert Peel making the decision to re-organising how London was policed. However, the police were seen as favouring the rich and ignoring the needs of the poor, which led to more petty crimes as the lower class wanted to seek revenge on the police force. The expected role of the police was to prevent not solve crime. Lack of training led to some crimes increasing. Their poor reputation led to bring little change to make law and order more successful. aimee brophy ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. did 'Bloody Mary' deserve her title?

    Other Tudor monarchs used harsh punishments and execution for petty crime was commonplace; you would be hung if you were caught stealing a loaf of bread. In addition to this, famine and disease were out of her control. And many mocked Mary for being infertile, even though they were circumstances beyond her.

  2. The Rebecca Riots

    These two sources back each other up, because they both say that the police for was week. The extract from the Minute Book states that "... this board do approve and confirm the offer of a reward and the employment of a special constable as a result of the attempt to set fire to the new workhouse".

  1. Public health in Britain during the hundred years from 1850 to 1950

    These radically increased the volume of water and waste that was now poured into existing cesspits. These often overflowed into street drains originally designed to cope with rainwater, but now also used to carry outfalls from factories. In 1858, the summer was unusually hot.

  2. How useful is a visit to the Tudor parts of Hampton Court to find ...

    Off this room is a small box room which is called the Garderrobe. This room was used as a toilet for those guards who slept in the great watching chamber over night. Now the room is just a plain empty room but in Tudor times there would have been a

  1. Jack The Ripper - Law and Order in the late 19th century

    final one made with a bayonet or dagger in sternum Seen last with a soldier as a client, although thought soldier may have also been killed. Little done, two soldiers were identified by Tabram's acquaintance, but were cleared of murder.

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    For this reason newly set up towns in the west were often undesirable places to live. A typical mining camp consisted of one street situated in hot, dusty arid conditions. The towns had been so hastily set up that they lacked even the most basic public health facilities.

  1. The American West :General George Armstrong Custer 1839 – 1878

    So I do agree that he was egocentric and hard on his men, but not that he was a psychopath who entertained no humanitarian feelings for the Indians. 6) Custer lost at the Battle of the Little Big Horn because of a number of reasons, some his fault, some not.

  2. Law and order in 19th century London - Case Study: The search for "Jack ...

    An example of this happening would be Elizabeth Long's statement where she is clearly unsure about what the murderer looked like, "He looked to me like a foreigner, as well as I could make out." These eyewitness accounts often were either useless or sent the police out looking for someone

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work