• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the changes in life in Germany between 1930 and 1939

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the changes in life in Germany between 1930 and 1939. Up until the Great Depression in 1929, Germany had been relying on American loans to rebuild its country and this Depression caused German industry to fail. As unemployment rose, the German people became desperate and vulnerable, and so more likely to listen to Adolf Hitler's promise of a more prosperous Germany under the National Socialist, or Nazi, party. In a bid to save money, the then Chancellor Br�ning cut government expenditure, wages and unemployment pay - this merely angered the German people and by 1932, the Nazi party had 230 seats in the Reichstag. Hitler negotiated to become Chancellor in March 1933 and named himself 'Der F�hrer' (the leader) in August 1934. Hitler's first aim was to lower unemployment, therefore gaining favour of the German people and cementing his power. He set up the Reichsarbeitdienst (RAD) which translates as National Work Service, an organisation that provided young men with paid temporary work schemes as described in the source below: This source, taken from a school textbook, is meant to inform British schoolchildren of the Nazi's reign, and how Hitler got Germans out of unemployment. ...read more.

Middle

It is quire clearly a staged photo as all of the boys look keen. The picture does not show us the negatives of the Hitler Youth. Also, we do not know how the boys, and their parents, felt towards the Hitler Youth - many may have disliked it but would have been unable to speak out. Girls were brought up, from a young age, to believe that their only purpose was motherhood. Employers were encouraged to give men jobs, and women were pushed back into the home to bring up children. A family was considered a home with more than four children. Birth control, contraception and abortion were frowned upon. Those with large families were rewarded with medals, loans and allowances. Women were also encouraged to marry, whilst slimming was discouraged - women had to have a good childbearing figure. Maternity homes were set up (in reality, they were brothels), so that unmarried women could get pregnant by "racially pure" SS men. One woman describes her view below: This autobiography is a primary source, written by a woman who lived in Germany through the Nazi regime. It is more of a factual account than an emotional account, but it still includes detailed information. ...read more.

Conclusion

During the Thirties, Germany experienced a great many changes in every aspect of the country. Before Nazi rule, Germany was in deep unemployment and the peoples' faith in the government was low - there is no denying that the Nazi Party turned this around. They gained improved social conditions such as good motorway systems and cars (the Volkswagen, for example) and their financial position had improved greatly. Although Nazis forced people to work hard, they encouraged people by providing them with rewards. The Treaty of Versailles had made Germans feel humiliated, but the Nazis brought back their self-esteem. However, Jewish people, gypsies, disabled people, homosexuals and other such minority groups felt the changes more harshly than others, as they were persecuted under the Nazi regime. Hitler forced people to so his will and punished those who didn't by using his Gestapo. Many people disagreed, but were forced to keep quiet. By the end of the Thirties Germany was a self-sustainable country (it produced its own food and weapons in order to support itself during the war - "Ein Volk, Ein Reich, Ein F�hrer."). Hitler made sure, though propaganda, that German people believed that war was the right move, and so, in 1939, Hitler sent a prosperous German army into Poland, signalling the beginning of World War II. Danielle Howells GCSE History Coursework ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY 1939?

    Hitler successfully breaches Treaty of Versailles without any bloodshed, showing again the weakness of the Allies to intervene. 1938, Sudetenland Crisis Annexation of the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia, followed by the invasion of the whole of the country 1939. See below.

  2. explain the effects of the hyperinflation of 1923 on the people of Germany.

    treaty and that the treaty was were all their problems had started. The Nazi's also blamed other political groups, especially the communists. Hitler had such a wide audience. He was attractive to the workers because he promised employment and at the moment it was needed because people were dying as

  1. Adolf Hitler, the leader of the Nazi Party, was suave, charismatic and always impressive. ...

    Hitler turned his focus to rural Germans, who were on the edge of bankruptcy and starvation. Hitler told the people of the land that under Nazi Government, rural people would be the most important people in Germany and as a result, rural Germans showed increased popularity of Hitler and the Nazi Party.

  2. Nazi Germany

    Hitler also blamed Jewish bankers and businessmen for their defeat of the First World War and the fiasco that was the Treaty of Versailles. In 1933, Hitler summoned all his power within the state and used it against the

  1. Describing Advances in Weaponry in WW2.

    The atomic bomb probably changed warfare the most as it opened up a whole new type of warfare which was the nuclear warfare. This includes the use of nuclear materials as a weapon as they are explosive and reactive.

  2. The life and death of J.F.K

    The Commission has found no evidence that Lee Harvey Oswald or Jack Ruby were part of any conspiracy, domestic or foreign to assassinate. 8. In its entire investigation the Commission has found no evidence of conspiracy, subversion, or disloyalty to the U.S.

  1. What was life like in the trenches?

    Soldiers were sent home to recover. Many shell shock victims recovered over time, whereas many others continued to feel its effects for years afterwards. Treatment for shell shock was ancient at best and dangerous at worst; psychological theories leading its treatment developed only gradually. ?His steel hat was at the back of his head and his mouth slobbered, and two comrades could not hold him still.

  2. How and why writers have explored different views of the First World War. ...

    ?The General? is one of Siegfried Sassoon's anti-war poems. After the death of one of his close friends he started questioning the validity of the war. He praised the war heroes, but damned those in charge. In WWI, many men died, because of the incompetence of those in charge and Sassoon highlights that here, in this poem.? Good-morning; good-morning!'

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work