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Describe the disadvantage faced by Catholic in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960’s

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Introduction

17/01/02 History Coursework James Watson 1. Describe the disadvantage faced by Catholic in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960's The main disadvantages the Catholics suffered in Northern Ireland were economic/employment and politics. The economic pressures for the Catholics were massive. This was due to the favour of Protestants or 'Loyal' workers over Catholic workers. This combined with the Catholic faith's position over contraception and abortion, led to a large unemployed Catholic population in the mid-1960's. Source H shows a photograph of a Catholic family in Londonderry. The photograph depicts a man and a child living in what we would call the most scumiest of ghettos. Source C shows a table of businesses with their total numbers of workers and Catholic workers. 9000 total workers in the biggest corporate industry (Harland and Wolff), 5% are Catholics, the rest are Protestants. In one of the industries, Sirocco they had no Catholic workers at all. Children faced segregated schools for Catholics and Protestants such as Campbell College and Royal Armagh or for the Catholics, St MacNissi's College and St Mary's Primary school. The problem was when the children grow up and look for jobs or activities they will be judged on what school they went to. I quote from Billy Sinclair a former player-manager of a football club 'If you're Linfield scout and you see a lad who's good, the second or third question is, "What school do you go to son?" ...read more.

Middle

The statement shows the level of social ignorance and misinformation that can only be described as bigotry. The politicians relied on various strands of small evidence to define their points. 20-22/01/02 History Coursework James Watson 3. Why were British troops sent to Northern Ireland in August 1969? The most obvious reasons we think of are that riots started to break out and the Northern Ireland police lost control. This was because from the beginning. In 1968 a civil rights movement emerged to protest against this discrimination, often provoking violent reactions within the Protestant community. The Catholics were greatly influenced by Dr Martin Luther King, and the American Civil Rights Movements which were going on at about the same time. If we delve deeper we come to the partition in 1920; Protestants remained part of the UK and the Roman Catholics who wanted independence. In Northern Ireland 66% of the population were Protestant and 34% were Roman Catholics. This partition had its roots in the 17th-century Ulster Plantation, which introduced Protestant settlers from England and Scotland into an overwhelmingly Roman Catholic country, establishing a Protestant control over the settlers and the native population in politics and society. For example Watson the name is predominately Scottish, Protestant. This is the same as in Northern Ireland because depending on your second name you could be Protestant or Catholic. ...read more.

Conclusion

the Army moved in to defend the Catholic area I quote from Eamonn McCann 'The Army moved in and battered its way up the Shankill with bloodthirsty enthusiasim. In the shooting two Protestants were killed and a dozen wounded. Many others were beaten or kicked unconscious. who in the Bogside could doubt that at last law and order were being administered impartially?' This gave the Catholics a relief in the fact that they thought they were in safe hands and justice was being done. This was not to be so. On the 3 of July British troops were sent into the Catholic Lower Falls area of Belfast to search for arms said to be belonging Provisional IRA, they smashed and broke every door and window in the house to house search. This left the Catholics feeling extremely estranged to their supposed friends, the troops. Then the final and largest straw dropped, Bloody Sunday. Soldiers from the Parachute Regiment opened fire on civilians during a civil rights march, 13 people were killed. Mainly Catholics. The Army used brutal tactics to fight against their own people, this resulted in the British Army being completely alienated, this meant that neither the Catholics nor Protestants wanted them there. Northern Ireland was spilt four ways. The Catholics, The Protestants, The Liberals (not really much mention about) and the British Army. This is why the British Army could not keep the peace, because they removed all their new and old friends by using unnecessary violence. ...read more.

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