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Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid 1960's.

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Question 1: Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid 1960's Many Catholics living in Northern Ireland were discriminated against in many ways during the mid 1960's. This was due to there being more Protestants than Catholics in Northern Ireland, which has lead the country to be conquered the unionist party. Politics in Northern Ireland were dominated by the Ulster Unionist Party, which was run by Ian Paisley. The purpose of the group was "to keep Protestants and loyal workers in employment in times of depression in preference to their fellow Catholic workers". Nationalists were being disillusioned by the way politics were being run. In the city of Londonderry, there were blatant vote riggings in Protestants favour. The unfair political process meant that Catholics were unable to stop further disadvantages. The disadvantages were that two thirds of houses built in Northern Ireland were being given to Protestants. I believe that this was a way of gaining more protestant votes, as only householders were entitled to vote in the local elections. Those who owned more than one property could also vote more than once. The houses Protestants got were of better quality than the Catholics. Catholics were living in terrible conditions with houses that had no piped water, and also no flush toilets. Because of the lack of jobs and money, Catholics were unable to improve their living conditions. Catholics were paying more rent than the Protestants even though their houses were of a lower standard. ...read more.


Protestant believed that the bulk of Catholics were indolent and reluctant to work, and believed that because of this they should be entitled to better employment opportunities which could in turn result in a wealthier financial system and a enhanced social environment. Many Catholic supporters such as Terence O'Neil disagreed with this and attempted to explain that if you give Catholic's the same opportunities as Protestants they will work just as hard. Catholics often found it difficult to get job, as many employers were Protestant and were influenced by the 'Choose Protestant employees over Catholic ones' policy; on top of the fact they were seen as indolent. Others argue that despite Protestant and domination there is no difference between communities. Many people believe that equal opportunities exist, and that it is the Protestants that make better opportunities for social and economic progress. These people argue that there are Catholics families out there that are successful because they have gone out to look for the opportunities instead of complaining about the political process. There were numerous reasons which contributed to Catholics receiving inequitable treatment, the main one being authority and government. Protestants feared that if the Catholics gained anymore jurisdiction, Northern Ireland could be utterly destroyed. Question 3: Why were British Troops sent to Northern Ireland? British Troops were sent to Northern Ireland because of the increased amount of violence and fear that this violence would spread to further provinces. ...read more.


The Treaty was ruinous to Germany in many ways. It contained a "war- guilt clause" under Article 231 which forced the Germans to accept all responsibility for damages caused to any of the allied countries during the war. Furthermore, it forced demilitarization of the Rhine, elimination of the German air force and near elimination of the German navy, and a maximum allowance of 100,000 troops in the German army. The Germans were forced to give up the territories of Alsace and Lorraine to France, and a great deal of Prussian territory went to the new state of Poland. To be given the opportunity of signing a peace treaty at all, the Germans were forced to accept a democratic government. The Treaty of Versailles, however, had further effects than the crippling of German military power and economy. It was an insult, which the Germans could not overcome, and was to be one of the major forces of World War II. Many who were against the Weimar government from the start, and later the Nazi party in its rise to power, would describe the Treaty as a "stab-in-the-back" by traitors such as Jews and communists who set out to destroy Germany. They believed that the "invincible" German army could not have been defeated, since no allied troops had set foot in Germany during the war. This argument against the so-called "November Criminals" who allowed the destruction of the German government for its replacement by the Weimar Republic was to be a great source of Nazi propaganda in promoting German nationalism. History Coursework Paidamoyo Fundira-Shava ...read more.

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