• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s

Extracts from this document...


Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s In the 1960s Catholics in Northern Ireland faced a lot of disadvantages. The Catholics were unfairly treated and were discriminated against mainly by Protestants. Firstly, Catholics were discriminated against in the employment market. With most jobs going to Protestants. Fermanagh County Council itself employed 370 people: 322 of the posts, including the top ones were filled by Protestants. Within the Education Authority the most sought after jobs were bus drivers, because of the long rest and holidays. Of about 75 school bus drivers in Fermanagh, all but seven were Protestant. The population of Fermanagh was more than half Catholic. This proves that discrimination occurred even in counties where Catholics were the majority. Unionists dominated local and county councils. Likewise Unionists dominated the trade unions, which would control entry into many workplaces. Skilled jobs and apprenticeships were given to Protestants, while unskilled and casual employment was given to Catholics. ...read more.


He kicks with the wrong foot". This example is typical of the situation that Catholics found themselves in. Merely because the boy attends a school that has Saint in the name he is no longer good enough. Education was divided upon sectarian grounds with Catholics favouring sports which reflected their Irish identity e.g. Gaelic football and hurling while Protestants favoured sports like football and rugby. Moreover, Protestants were also the majority when it came to Government and Political Representation. Catholics found themselves not being able to vote because of the property qualification law. In one famous case a Protestant man had 34 votes. In other instances electoral boundaries were gerrymandered (fixed) to ensure a Protestant majority. Sources E and F provide statistical evidence of the discrimination against Catholics. It illustrates the fact that even though Nationalists received more votes compared to their Unionist counterparts; however they still earned fewer seats. Political discrimination was also at high levels, this is proved by the fact that there were no Catholics in the Northern Ireland Cabinet. ...read more.


A founder of Northern Ireland talked about a "Protestant Parliament for a Protestant people". Unionists controlled Stormont, the Northern Ireland Parliament and reinforced control by gerrymandering. Unionist control was further reinforced by the Special Powers Act, which gave the RUC the right to arrest without trial transforming Northern Ireland in some respects into a police state. In some cases, discrimination reached unimaginable levels. The main motorway was not built between the two major cities of Northern Ireland, Belfast and Derry and the new University of Ulster was built at Coleraine and not in Derry, the obvious choice. This was the case because Derry was primarily a Nationalist city. In conclusion, Protestants dominated employment, housing, education and Government and Political Representation. Catholics did not have a political voice and lived in poor slum like conditions. In addition property qualification deprived many Catholics of a vote. Moreover, their education was under funded compared to that of Protestants. Catholics were treated with little respect and were forced to live in poverty and deprivation in many cases. ?? ?? ?? ?? Dominic Sambrook History Coursework Mr. Logue ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Describe the disadvantages that faced Catholics in Northern Ireland during the mid-1960s.

    N.I.C.R.A (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association) objected to the better treatment of Protestants in Jobs. Another example of this is that the Northern Ireland Government hired contractors to build 111 factories in Northern Ireland, but only 16 of these were built in Catholic areas. This meant it was very hard for Catholics to get a good

  2. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    Another disadvantage faced by the Catholics in the mid-60s was that unemployment was high among them compared to the Protestants where unemployment was not so high. This was caused because there was a Protestant organisation called the' Ulster Protestant Action' of which its purpose was to keep Protestants and loyal

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid- 1960s?

    if you looked how many more Catholics were unemployed and there were more who were living in poverty. There are a lot of explanations of why there was such a big gap between unemployment in Catholics and Protestants. This brings me onto education because this might or might not be

  2. What can you learn from Source A about t he disadvantages faced by the ...

    nightmare as the first shots were fired and it still remains anonymous as no proof can be withheld. Q4. Study sources G, H and I. Do sources H and I support reverends Ian Paisleys view of the civil rights movement given in source G?

  1. Civil Rights in Northern Ireland Coursework

    It implies that Protestants are loyal workers and therefore Catholics are not, so Protestants should have preferential treatment regarding employment. Having enough people to establish an organisation with this view, shows that it was easily possible to direct damaging information at Catholics in order to provoke discrimination against them.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    and under threat who decided that they had to take the bottle to their Catholic neighbors. And they were being urged on by some political demagogues who told them that armageddon was around the corner, that this was the last line of defense.

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid 1960's.

    Catholics/Nationalists had a marginal majority, despite there being about half as many Protestants in Derry compared to Catholics, Protestants still got 12 seats on the council, compared to the Catholics 8. Unionists now controlled the catholic areas, despite there being more catholics voting against them, this was a huge disadvantage

  2. Conflict In Ireland Coursework

    the Easter Rising as it gives no historical context that could be of use. Source D shows when and where the British executed the rebel leaders. This list is of little interest. However, it does show that the rebels did achieve their aim if they wished to become martyrs, and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work