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Describe the disadvantages that black Americans faced in the early 50's.

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Introduction

Describe the disadvantages that black Americans faced in the early 50's The Black community of America in the 1950's were living in a country where deep seeded racist views were held above their heads by whites. There was a clear divide between coloured groups, with whites taking the vast majority of jobs, money and general luxuries. Whites had been going through an economic boom during and before the 1950's. For instance at the start of 1948 54% of white families owned a car, by 1956 this percentage on average had risen to a staggering 73%, this increase of %19 in just 8 years. This was also mirrored in other luxuries such as televisions, refrigerators and washing machines, which were also appearing more and more widely in white families home. The whites were in the middle of the "if you've got it, spend it" regime of cultural life. If your neighbour has something you have to have it, so the white's houses were getting more and more luxurious. This was a stark contrast to what similar black families were going through. 60% of black families were trying to live on incomes of less than �2,000 a year. But the most worrying statistic was that 22% of the black people lived below the national poverty line. ...read more.

Middle

The bus was forced to stop and Rosa Parks was arrested and sent to the local jail, this caused many to look up and think about black rights. One of Rosa's friends called a Baptist minister for guidance and help, and this Baptist minister played perhaps the key role in getting blacks civil rights. Martin Luther king believed in peaceful protests, learning much of his ideas from Muhammad Ghandi. He also believed in the use of media, making sure that either all his speeches were being filmed, or recorded or watched by journalists, but usually all three. He was behind arranging the buss boycott of 1955, he thought without blacks riding buses, buses would be going almost without any riders. He believed this would force the bus company to discredit the regulations and treat blacks equally. Journalists around the world heard about the boycott and flocked to Alabama to get the snatch, and this played straight into Martin Luther Kings plans, to use the media to his advantage. After nearly a year after people began the buss boycott the bus company was hanging on the edge of bankruptcy and finally realized that this needed to end. Because the desperate situation because the boycott at the bus company, the supreme court of America was forced to ban the bus segregation, and the civil rights movement had gathered its second move of momentum. ...read more.

Conclusion

Soon picket lines had been set not just between the whites and blacks, but the black power movement and peaceful protest. All this tension eventually cultivated when Martin Luther King was shot on his balcony by a black power movement representative. As news caught on about his death America went in to a state of civil war, riots broke out in every town and the police struggled to stop it. These riots continued for days, but eventually died down. These riots were exactly what MLK would not have wanted to happen, going against everything he had believed in, going against all he had achieved for the black civil rights movement. However in his absence the war for civil rights continued, still with the peacefull and more violent protest methods. By the late 60's the supreme court had had enough, and wanted all the problems to end, so advocated "the civil rights bill" which decreed everyone was equal, finally the black Americans had achieved there goal, racial equality. Although racist views and deep rooted hatred in some cases is still apparent even today, over 30 years later, the 1960's was a huge step to racial equality, although bridges did need to be mended around the world after opinions of the cause fell when violence was used what was achieved in the 1960's in America gave all Black Americans hope for the future, a future that looked so bleak before the movement began. The best ...read more.

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