• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the disadvantages that faced Catholics in Northern Ireland during the mid-1960s.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question - Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid - 1960s In the mid - 1960's Catholics in Northern Ireland were at a disadvantage in many different ways. The National attitudes of the two different religious groups in Northern Ireland (Catholics and Protestants) were different. Catholics wanted Ireland to be an independent nation away from the rule and power of the UK, but the Protestants wanted Northern Ireland to be part of the UK and under its rule and power. But the Catholics in Ulster were in the minority and Protestants in the majority. This caused tension to build in Northern Ireland and the trust between the two different religions started to dither. Earlier conflict had led to a Civil War. This eventually led to the Partition of 1921, which was made as a temporary fix to end the Civil War. But still to this very day Northern Ireland remains part of the United Kingdom. This then brought about the Irish Question - Should Northern Ireland remain part of the United Kingdom, or should it become part of an independent united Ireland? ...read more.

Middle

Whereas Catholic schools had to find fifty percent of ALL of their costs, so they tended to study cheaper subjects such as the arts i.e. Drama, Music, Art. With the Catholic schools not being able to afford the resources for science, they didn't always get a good science qualification, and most of the best paid jobs required a science qualification. Catholics were discriminated in employment as a result of their education and not getting good grades in expensive subjects such as Science. This is because most of the best paid jobs needed a Science Qualification. This meant that they were discriminated in quite a lot of jobs, which included a lot of power. For example 35 - 40% of the whole of Northern Ireland was a Roman Catholic people, but only 14.5% of the officers in the Northern Ireland Police Force were Roman Catholics. This is because of their education background not being good enough. Protestants also held most of the Civil Service and Local and National Government jobs. 97.5% of ALL council employees where Protestant. N.I.C.R.A (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association) ...read more.

Conclusion

Even though there were less Protestants living in Londonderry, the Protestants got twelve Protestant councillors elected, compared to only eight Catholic Councillors. This was because of Gerrymandering. Gerrymandering is where councils rigged the area boundaries to ensure that Protestant councillors were elected/re-elected, so that the Protestant Government could stay in power, and therefore remain part of the United Kingdom (UK). So overall Catholics in Northern Ireland were disadvantaged and discriminated against in many different parts of everyday life. It is because of this that N.I.C.R.A (Northern Ireland Civil Right's Association) was set up, and they started to march to try an improve their lives, and go on marches to try and fight for what they believed where there rights, and to stand up against the discrimination from the local authorities and the Government. They wanted to get rid of this discrimination. Throughout history Catholics had been feared by the Protestants. This is because Protestants had always thought that the Catholics were rebellious, insulting and were following the Bible too strictly. Catholics were badly discriminated against and at a disadvantage, because of the hatred between the two groups. This made the Protestants feel like the Catholics deserved everything that they got, because of the past. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tom Hedderick Glenburn Sports College ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    And in that respect, Sinn Fein was very much an auxiliary of the Irish Republican Army. They were there for propaganda purposes, they were there to raise the funds, they were there to speak on behalf of the IRA, but they were very much second-cousins.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    The soldiers say that they were fired on and returned fire even though they had orders not to retaliate. This resulted in 14 unarmed marchers being killed, and 13 injured. After Bloody Sunday there was an enquiry, which was headed by Lord Widgery, which was made to inhibit publication of

  1. Conflict in Northern Ireland: A Background Essay

    A number of Westminster-led social changes after the Second World War, including the introduction of free secondary education for all, led during the 1950s to the emergence of a Catholic middle class. It was their growing dissatisfaction that led to the civil rights campaign of the 1960s.

  2. A background to the violence in Northern Ireland

    Also, September 17th 1997 a bomb exploded in the protestant town of Millfield in Northern Ireland? outside an RUC station just before the Unionists were preparing to join the negotiations leading to the Good Friday agreement. The Continuity IRA admitted to triggering the bomb.

  1. Ireland - Modern World Study

    The cease-fire lasted 17 months. During the years there were several more events to effect Irish History. Talks went on between Sinn Fein, Unionist representatives and the Government throughout 1998 but a deadline had been set for Easter. Talks intensified as the deadline approached but the situation intensified after another secretarian murder, it shocked both sides with it's senseless violence.

  2. What can you learn from Source A about t he disadvantages faced by the ...

    Source I backs up Source H by saying that the majority were Roman Catholic, and that no ban should be put on people from different political groups. Q5. Study Source J. do you agree with the portrayal of the reasons why the troubles in Ireland continued into the 1990's?

  1. Source based questions on Ireland 1960.

    This was hopefully so that theCatholics would receive a better percentage of the vote so that they would have more power. Historical elements have been cleverly represented as graffiti, which has 'stained' Ireland. Historical backgrounds prove to be an element, which keeps on arising through out the history of Ireland.

  2. Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    by using 'violence' (E) in executing 'their duties.'(E) Even in the judicial system 'Protestants outnumbered Catholics' (F) severely and generally the jury was 'biased' (F) toward the 'Protestant community.'(F) This allowed Protestants to 'get away with murder' while the Catholics were faced with the 'full force of the law.'(F)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work