• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the disadvantages that faced Catholics in Northern Ireland during the mid-1960s.

Extracts from this document...


Question - Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid - 1960s In the mid - 1960's Catholics in Northern Ireland were at a disadvantage in many different ways. The National attitudes of the two different religious groups in Northern Ireland (Catholics and Protestants) were different. Catholics wanted Ireland to be an independent nation away from the rule and power of the UK, but the Protestants wanted Northern Ireland to be part of the UK and under its rule and power. But the Catholics in Ulster were in the minority and Protestants in the majority. This caused tension to build in Northern Ireland and the trust between the two different religions started to dither. Earlier conflict had led to a Civil War. This eventually led to the Partition of 1921, which was made as a temporary fix to end the Civil War. But still to this very day Northern Ireland remains part of the United Kingdom. This then brought about the Irish Question - Should Northern Ireland remain part of the United Kingdom, or should it become part of an independent united Ireland? ...read more.


Whereas Catholic schools had to find fifty percent of ALL of their costs, so they tended to study cheaper subjects such as the arts i.e. Drama, Music, Art. With the Catholic schools not being able to afford the resources for science, they didn't always get a good science qualification, and most of the best paid jobs required a science qualification. Catholics were discriminated in employment as a result of their education and not getting good grades in expensive subjects such as Science. This is because most of the best paid jobs needed a Science Qualification. This meant that they were discriminated in quite a lot of jobs, which included a lot of power. For example 35 - 40% of the whole of Northern Ireland was a Roman Catholic people, but only 14.5% of the officers in the Northern Ireland Police Force were Roman Catholics. This is because of their education background not being good enough. Protestants also held most of the Civil Service and Local and National Government jobs. 97.5% of ALL council employees where Protestant. N.I.C.R.A (Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association) ...read more.


Even though there were less Protestants living in Londonderry, the Protestants got twelve Protestant councillors elected, compared to only eight Catholic Councillors. This was because of Gerrymandering. Gerrymandering is where councils rigged the area boundaries to ensure that Protestant councillors were elected/re-elected, so that the Protestant Government could stay in power, and therefore remain part of the United Kingdom (UK). So overall Catholics in Northern Ireland were disadvantaged and discriminated against in many different parts of everyday life. It is because of this that N.I.C.R.A (Northern Ireland Civil Right's Association) was set up, and they started to march to try an improve their lives, and go on marches to try and fight for what they believed where there rights, and to stand up against the discrimination from the local authorities and the Government. They wanted to get rid of this discrimination. Throughout history Catholics had been feared by the Protestants. This is because Protestants had always thought that the Catholics were rebellious, insulting and were following the Bible too strictly. Catholics were badly discriminated against and at a disadvantage, because of the hatred between the two groups. This made the Protestants feel like the Catholics deserved everything that they got, because of the past. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tom Hedderick Glenburn Sports College ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Explain the development of Catholic grievances and Protestant attitudes in Northern Ireland from partition ...

    De Valera became the new Prime Minister and stayed in power until 1959. He was very strongly against British control in Ireland as he has fought in the Easter Rising and was nearly executed by the British. He was determined to build a strong independent state in the South and was a very dedicated Catholics.

  2. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    the nice estates are going to the Protestants, the Catholics will be forced to go into slum housing or not so good accommodation. By the Protestants taking up all the good housing, Catholics protested by squatting in their homes. The schooling in Northern Ireland consisted of the Protestants going to the state schools and the Catholics going to church-run schools.

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid- 1960s?

    If you are the head of school meals there is no chance you can help you fellow Catholics because you would not have the power to do so. As a result there was an unemployment gap between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland.

  2. disadvantages faced by catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s

    This occurred in the Harland and Wolff shipyard which employed 10 000 people, of which 400 were Catholic. As a result, many Catholics were unemployed and couldn't often afford to feed their families; children consequently ended up dying of malnutrition and other illnesses such as Tuberculosis because parents weren't able to pay doctor's bills.

  1. What can you learn from Source A about t he disadvantages faced by the ...

    This contradicts source H, which is a speech by Michael Farnell (a member of NICRA), Ian paisley was a firm protestant with stuck views on Catholics. Very different to Farrell who believed that the members of public and the amount of them varied frequently and so they never dominated it.

  2. Conflict in Northern Ireland: A Background Essay

    So the broad outlines of the current conflict in Northern Ireland had been sketched out within fifty years of the plantation: the same territory was occupied by two hostile groups, one believing the land had been usurped and the other believing that their tenure was constantly under threat of rebellion.

  1. Ireland - Modern World Study

    Protestants were urged to confront the marchers when they reached Burntollet on the outskirts of Derry. At Burntollet, the police and B-specials took little action to protect the marchers, and some of them even joined in the attacking of the marchers in Derry, when they eventually reached the city.

  2. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s

    Education is another area in which discrimination appeared. Catholics and Protestants were by choice educated separately. Catholic schools were often under funded. Source B further compounds the conditions that Catholics were forced to withstand this time in the field of sport. It is taken from the words of a former football in 1984.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work