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Describe The Effects Of The Blitz On Everyday Life In Britain?

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Describe The Effects Of The Blitz On Everyday Life In Britain? In 1940 to 1941 Germany began the Blitz on Britain. From the 7th of September 1940 until 16th of May 1941 the German Luftwaffe carried out intensive bombing on British cities and its industries. The degree to which the Blitz affected civilians depended on several factors such as the area in which they lived, their age, their social class and their gender. During the Blitz a Blackout was enforced by the air raid wardens, this meant that all windows and lights had to be covered with a heavy black material by the time night fell. This was a minor annoyance for many but unsurprisingly caused many injuries. The lack of street lighting and the covering of all headlights at the beginning of the blitz meant that there were a large number of casualties. This forced the government to allow hooded headlights. However the Blackout soon became daily routine for most people and became the basis for many wartime jokes. The air raids that occurred during the Blitz did happen during the day as well as the night at the beginning of the Blitz however they soon became contained to night raids only. ...read more.


The structural damage was huge. By June 1941 two million houses had been destroyed 60% of these were in London, and by 1944 this had risen to 3 1/4 million. The government had not planned for this effect of the Blitz and though rest centers became available, often schools and church halls, they were often "Too Little, Too Late." The disruption caused was most closely related to the size of the city. Large cities like London could take the wide spread bombing and had more provisions in place and more space for those who had lost their homes. Before the Second World War, women were expected to be 'housewives' or perhaps to do certain 'women's jobs', such as nursing or being a domestic servant or shop assistant. The war changed the world of work for women forever. When men went to fight, women were called upon to fill their jobs, and this included many jobs that were previously thought of unsuitable for women. Many women were called up by the government to work. At first, only single women aged 20-30 were called up, but by mid-1943, almost 90 per cent of single women and 80 per cent of married women were working in factories, on the land or in the armed forces. ...read more.


The rationing system actually improved the diet of many lower class people in Britain as it allowed them to have a more balanced diet which they previously. However upper classes, including the royal family, were not so pleased by the ration system as it was a massive decrease in the amount normally consumed by them. In conclusion I believe that it was extreme amount of structural damage that had the greatest effect on the everyday lives of the British people during the Blitz. While the death and injury were tragic much was prevented by the widespread use of shelters. The other affects of the Blitz were taken in the stride of most people as they were able to adapt to blackouts and sleepless nights. The massive change in women's roles was also taken in their stride and I feel offered women freedom from their previous social expectations and while rationing was not liked by everyone, did provide an improved diet for several people in Britain. But the loss of homes changed the face of many cities in Britain and inevitably badly affected many lives. ?? ?? ?? ?? Friday 2nd November 2007 Chantel Sheridan 11.6 Miss Fenwick History ...read more.

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