• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Claire Wightman Mrs Lobley History Coursework Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain Between September 1940 and 1941 the lifestyle of an average Briton changed forever. As the Germans relentlessly bombed Britain, the government was forced to take tough new measures in order to prevent a successful German invasion, these affected everybody. Due to air raids, Britain effectively had to shut down so there were no large amounts of people together at once to target. The black out was needed so German fighters could not see buildings to bomb and suddenly it was necessary for those in heavily targeted areas to shelter just to survive the night. Without food arriving across the sea the government put rationing in place leading to a less complex diet. However those living in cities experienced most hardship, as they were the main targets, this led to constant anxiety. Unexpectedly Britain now needed the public to pull together and do whatever they could for the war effort, this included air raid wardens, firemen, men to join the army, and for the first time women to help with war production. ...read more.

Middle

Alternatively it also meant that people had to go without luxuries and food became very bland. Some of the main things rationed were, sweets, meat, butter, jam, cheese, fat and eggs. Rationing changed people's lives as instead of money they used coupons from ration books to buy food and had to register with the local grocer so he stocked enough food. Some people turned to growing their own food so they could have more choice in what to eat, others turned to the black market. Rationing also affected furniture, clothing, and petrol so the slogan 'make do and mend' was used and salvage operations took place in order to make the most of what was available. New measures had to be taken to keep people safer during air raids. For example, people were ordered off the streets at night and all cinemas and theatres were closed. These strict precautions meant that most people spent every evening at home. All houses had to have black out on their windows so the German bombers had no targets at night; car headlights had to be turned off and traffic lights were covered to reduce the glare. ...read more.

Conclusion

80,000 joined the land army in an attempt to produce enough food to prevent Britain from starving. They also played a large part in industry helping build planes, bombs, and learning skills i.e. mechanics, engineering, riveting and performing tasks competently and efficiently. Women no longer stayed at home but instead managed to hold down careers and care for the family leading to a feeling of self-worth among them. Women also assumed a large amount of responsibilities for example, largely it was women who organised, the blackout, evacuation, and during rationing it was women who made the family budget in order to ensure there was enough to go round. In conclusion the impact of the evacuation, rationing and fear of the war on the British public's daily lives led to a desire to produce a new society where people were protected from poverty and ill health. Consequently the Beveridge report was published recommending a 'welfare state' where the government maintained more responsibility for its people. It also illustrates the beginnings of women's liberation as it is demonstrated how they performed tasks equally as effective as men and played a vital part in keeping the country running. Consequently we can conclude that the way in which the blitz affected peoples daily lives played a part in how society is today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. History Revision for year 11. The Liberal Reforms, the Beveridge Reforms and the ...

    This meant that most workers were not covered at all. In addition, the medical treatment offered by the Act did not include dentists and opticians and only covered the worker, NOT his family. What was more, hospital treatment was only provided for TB, the most dangerous disease at the time.

  2. Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain?

    they would always have somewhere to go when the heard the air raid sirens ringing. In some areas rest centres were set up to look after people who had lost their homes as a result of the bombing. Schools were often used for this as the students had all been evacuated.

  1. Women & the British Car Industry

    Question 3 - Collection B and C Look carefully at the sources in collection B and collection C together. How useful are the sources in Collection C in adding to the understanding that you have already gained from Collection B about the roles of women in the car industry?

  2. Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain.

    This meant that during the day a house could often be shrouded in darkness, and this often created a sense of claustrophobia. There were even fines given to anyone who was seen exposing light or even lighting a cigarette. To uphold these laws, Air Raid Wardens were appointed in every city and town.

  1. Describe The Effects Of The Blitz On Everyday Life In Britain?

    "With them things in you'd never know if you were copping it or you wasn't." The Government had thought that the greatest disruption caused by the Blitz would be the Death and Injury. The mortality rates were over estimated by 1400%.

  2. Describe the Effects of the Blitz on the lives of everyday people in Britain

    Sometime later basements were being requisitioned and trenches were dug in parks with large towns. The government then realised this wouldn't work for people in poorer areas so they commissioned a man called John Patterson to build a small cheap shelter, after a few months 1.5 million Anderson shelters had been erected and put into use.

  1. Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain

    Their efforts were vital in keeping up the morale of the country. By the end of the war nine out of ten single women worked in the forces or industry. Over three million married women worked in factories. Churchill said, "We could never have survived without the contribution of our women".

  2. Describe the effects of the Blitz on every day life in Britain.

    There was also a rationing on soap and clothes. This was because many clothes factories were converted into munitions and aircraft factories to help the war effort. The people were advised to 'make do and mend', rather than buying new clothes, as the production of clothes was at a low.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work