• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Claire Wightman Mrs Lobley History Coursework Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain Between September 1940 and 1941 the lifestyle of an average Briton changed forever. As the Germans relentlessly bombed Britain, the government was forced to take tough new measures in order to prevent a successful German invasion, these affected everybody. Due to air raids, Britain effectively had to shut down so there were no large amounts of people together at once to target. The black out was needed so German fighters could not see buildings to bomb and suddenly it was necessary for those in heavily targeted areas to shelter just to survive the night. Without food arriving across the sea the government put rationing in place leading to a less complex diet. However those living in cities experienced most hardship, as they were the main targets, this led to constant anxiety. Unexpectedly Britain now needed the public to pull together and do whatever they could for the war effort, this included air raid wardens, firemen, men to join the army, and for the first time women to help with war production. ...read more.

Middle

Alternatively it also meant that people had to go without luxuries and food became very bland. Some of the main things rationed were, sweets, meat, butter, jam, cheese, fat and eggs. Rationing changed people's lives as instead of money they used coupons from ration books to buy food and had to register with the local grocer so he stocked enough food. Some people turned to growing their own food so they could have more choice in what to eat, others turned to the black market. Rationing also affected furniture, clothing, and petrol so the slogan 'make do and mend' was used and salvage operations took place in order to make the most of what was available. New measures had to be taken to keep people safer during air raids. For example, people were ordered off the streets at night and all cinemas and theatres were closed. These strict precautions meant that most people spent every evening at home. All houses had to have black out on their windows so the German bombers had no targets at night; car headlights had to be turned off and traffic lights were covered to reduce the glare. ...read more.

Conclusion

80,000 joined the land army in an attempt to produce enough food to prevent Britain from starving. They also played a large part in industry helping build planes, bombs, and learning skills i.e. mechanics, engineering, riveting and performing tasks competently and efficiently. Women no longer stayed at home but instead managed to hold down careers and care for the family leading to a feeling of self-worth among them. Women also assumed a large amount of responsibilities for example, largely it was women who organised, the blackout, evacuation, and during rationing it was women who made the family budget in order to ensure there was enough to go round. In conclusion the impact of the evacuation, rationing and fear of the war on the British public's daily lives led to a desire to produce a new society where people were protected from poverty and ill health. Consequently the Beveridge report was published recommending a 'welfare state' where the government maintained more responsibility for its people. It also illustrates the beginnings of women's liberation as it is demonstrated how they performed tasks equally as effective as men and played a vital part in keeping the country running. Consequently we can conclude that the way in which the blitz affected peoples daily lives played a part in how society is today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. History Revision for year 11. The Liberal Reforms, the Beveridge Reforms and the ...

    a week for fifteen weeks in any year. It is significant that workers were paid more for being sick than they were for being unemployed. There was still the suspicion that the unemployed were lazy. In 1912 the Liberals added one final reform.

  2. Women & the British Car Industry

    In Source 1 there are a high percentage of women working for the Rover Group due to the war. Mainly doing office and secretarial jobs. Whereas in Source 2 most women are not in the offices as they do not have a permanent annual wage although some of them are in managerial posts.

  1. Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain?

    and do housework and look after the children and make sure the families everyday life is working. this is written by a housewife in her diary in 1942 " I thought of stacks of dirty dishes to tackle after tea, of furniture that was once polished every

  2. Describe The Effects Of The Blitz On Everyday Life In Britain?

    For many of those children who were from slum areas, life quality improved as their diet improved as did, in some cases there education. During World War Two food became an important issue. Before the outbreak of war Britain imported around 55 million tons of food per year from other countries, such as the U.S.A.

  1. Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain.

    Some children were bullied as they were poorer and could be undermined. The interaction of previously distant social groups was held to have increased national awareness of the problem of urban poverty, as reception halls were filled up with apparently malnourished and lice-ridden children lacking adequate clothing and displaying little or any evidence of education.

  2. Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain?

    During world war one women volunteered for essential work such as building tanks, work in rescue teams or factories. This enabled the men to go into the armed forces. However 25 years later things had drastically changed as the government campaigned again for volunteers to work nevertheless they now also needed to conscript women as well as men.

  1. Describe the Effects of the Blitz on Everyday Life in Britain

    During the war 1.5 million children were moved to 'reception areas' in country towns and villages. 2 million privately evacuated in total, half of children across Britain were evacuated. The conditions for the children were awful as reports of dirty, disease ridden, ignorant and unruly children continually came in.

  2. Describe the effects of the Blitz on every day life in Britain.

    There was also a rationing on soap and clothes. This was because many clothes factories were converted into munitions and aircraft factories to help the war effort. The people were advised to 'make do and mend', rather than buying new clothes, as the production of clothes was at a low.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work