• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain. (Rough Draft)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Alex Keast Sunday, 02 February 2003 History Coursework: The Blitz Q2. Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain. (Rough Draft) When Adolf Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe to concentrate its bombing efforts on the major cities of Britain in the summer of 1940, in an effort to destroy British moral, the people of Britain were subjected to an almost nightly ordeal of high explosives and incendiary bombs. There are many heroic stories about the Blitz- of exceptional bravery, a product of the so called 'Blitz Spirit'- but what was it like for the ordinary citizens of Britain and their endurance of the daily ordeal of saturation bombing? During the summer of 1940, the Luftwaffe had failed in its objectives to destroy the capabilities of the RAF. This, combined with a stray German bomber attacking London and the resulting British retaliation on Berlin, incensed Hitler so much that he decided to switch all efforts into destroying the moral of the population of Britain by deliberate terror bombing. ...read more.

Middle

It also seemed that British politicians, in their hasty declaration of impending Armageddon, appeared to forget that Britain had two powerful air defence weapons in the shape of the Spitfire and Hurricane- two aircraft that inflicted enormous losses on German aircraft. It is interesting to note the scepticism the British Establishment had in their estimation of the British peoples' ability to withstand sustained aerial attack. Pre-war policies concentrated on 'suppressing panic and riot' rather than the more important issue of confronting the enemy bombers. Instead, the British Public endured the bombing with an admirable determination. Descending down into the Underground or their Anderson Shelters, the British population emerged to the possibility off their houses being a heap of rubble or an unexploded bomb in their front garden. Sometimes whole rows of houses disappeared, replaced by a string of craters. With the bombing came 'inconveniences'. The aforementioned loss of homes, craters in the middle of the road, windows blown out, electricity, water and gas cuts and huge fires and most importantly the loss of a loved-one. ...read more.

Conclusion

177,000 Londoners could take refuge in the multitude of stations- though not all of them were as safe as assumed: 680 casualties were caused when a high explosive bomb fell on Balham station. Despite all this disruption the population of London (and the other major cities) attempted to carry on as usual. There are many stories of new friendships being formed, and a new feeling of community cemented by universal suffering. Everyday life was different for criminals too. With the blackout robbers couldn't be sure of which houses were occupied. Pickpockets had no trouble running off into the dark streets and bus drivers started receiving a record number of dud coins. Bands of looters tried to get to recently bombed out houses before the emergency services- a rather different Blitz Spirit. There were 48000 casualties during the Blitz in London alone yet British morale never came close to collapsing- proving Bertrand Russell and his apocalyptic scenario of 'one vast raving bedlam... traffic will cease, the homeless will shriek for peace...' absolutely wrong. The British public endured the everyday effects of the Blitz with defiant indifference of its consequences. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. What were the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain?

    If someone's family member did die during the war, their morale might go down, which would cause other people's morale to go down. They had to try and learn to get on with things as the country was in a time of crisis, and they still had their roles to play in the war.

  2. Battle Of Britain - The Popular Myth

    Christopher Ray wrote the article a long-time after the war, with hindsight Christopher Ray can be critical of both sides especially Germany who were unsuccessful in the Second World War. There is no real purpose to the article such as to boost morale or get people to join the war

  1. Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain,

    The people of Britain wanted to keep socialising but curfews and blackout meant that this was harder and it was during this time that Tea Dances were introduced, dances at around 4 in the afternoon to replace those previously held in the later evening.

  2. Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain?

    These were designed to prevent people getting hurt or killed during air raids. Those people that couldn't make shelters sometimes took to sleeping in the Underground, although most people stayed in their homes. The effect that this had on people's everyday life is that they often felt much safer and

  1. Describe The Effects Of The Blitz On Everyday Life In Britain?

    It was not however the amount of the over crowding of hospitals and lack of shelter that was having the largest affect on people in Britain. The number of people wounded was greater than the numbers that had been predicted by the government, this was because the use of shelters

  2. Describe the effects of the blitz on everyday life in Britain.

    This could be said to have brought social division. The working class maybe wouldn't have benefited in the same way as the middle class but there was an idea of fairness. The shelters undoubtedly saved thousands of lives. However, they had weakness and were not much protection from falling masonry.

  1. Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain?

    Matters were made worse when the bombings did not start in 1939. Many people wondered want the fuss was about. By March 1940 1.3 million children returned home with there children however there opinion changed as German took over France and were prepared to invade England.

  2. Describe the Effects of the Blitz on Everyday Life in Britain

    The shelters were simply delivered in parts and instructions were left to you to construct it wherever you may wish. There were two different types of shelter, one common shelter which was for outside and the other for indoors. The Anderson shelter was the most common shelter, which was for outside.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work