• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the efforts that have been made to reach a political solution to the problem of Northern Ireland since 1969.

Extracts from this document...


Describe the efforts that have been made to reach a political solution to the problem of Northern Ireland since 1969. For over 300 years the consequences of the argument considering Ireland's past and future has affected many. The people apart of this violent argument, have been not just those of the army and police, but innocent citizens, many of whom haven't had the opportunity to appreciate the concept of peace throughout their entire lifetime. The recent violence in Ireland is all about one simple question: "Should the North stay a part of the UK or should it join the south as part of a united and independent Ireland?" Due to disagreements between the people in the north in answering this question, private armies willing to use the bullet rather than the ballot and the governments of the UK and Irish Republic being unable to agree on an answer, this question has resulted in much conflict. There has been numerous attempts made to reach a political solution to the problem since 1969. These attempts have not only been made by the people on both sides of the boarder, but because the conflict has been so intense at times that governments outside of Ireland and Northern Ireland have felt the need to contribute towards a solution. ...read more.


The declaration shared similar points to those which made up the Anglo Irish agreement. These points being: The unity of Northern Ireland and Ireland could only happen with the consent of the majority in Northern Ireland, and the acceptance from the Irish government that they might have to drop the parts of their constitution stating that the North was part of its territory. It aimed to bring peace and reconciliation and the trust of the traditions were to be promoted through it. The declaration caused a roller coaster of violence and peace, for many years. Tit for tat killings were popular in the summer of 1994, however, politicians were working hard to find peace, and some paramilitaries were aiming towards an end of violence. This was clear in August 1994, when the IRA held a complete cease-fire. This followed the Republican agreement in June-July of '94, which was a result of talks between john Hume and Gerry Adams and Adam's talks with Irish Americans. On October 13th of that year, the loyalist paramilitaries also joined the cease-fire, and peace was held for a while. The British and Irish governments followed up these cease-fires with the Joint Framework Document, in 1995. They began to set out a plan for a peace process in Northern Ireland. ...read more.


The education in Northern Ireland developed in relation to teaching the students a mutual understanding of the Northern Irish history. This programme was called the Education for Mutual Understanding (EMU). Progress was slow but steady, and was helped by the majority of Northern Ireland's churches. Irish America played an important role in the peace process in the 1990's. By 1993, there was much interest in Northern Ireland, Bill Clinton was elected President this year and a year later gave the Sinn Fein Leader, Gerry Adams a Visa to visit the USA, even though Britain opposed. Clinton also communicated with the Unionists, and in April 1994 he welcomed DUP and UUP delegations to Washington. Clinton, along with the Irish-American business community made it clear that if peace could be achieved then the USA would make mass investments in Northern Ireland. This inspired them even further to reach a settlement. In conclusion, there have been four main attempts to reach a political solution to the problem of Northern Ireland since 1969, as described above. Along with these attempts, especially after several failures, there were fringe developments made, like the Peace Movement, where ordinary citizens felt the need to take matters into their own hands in bringing peace to the province. Jenny Nevin, 11BTR History Assignment 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland - The Good Friday Agreement was created in April 1998, and then ...

    They announced it because they hoped it be a lasting peace settlement for the north. Basically the agreement included a new government for Northern Ireland. It was then on the 22nd of May, 1998, that all Irish people were asked to make their decision in a referendum on the Agreement.

  2. The Anglo-Irish agreement, 1985, this was agreed between Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish ...

    and particularly for the next generation, of healing divisions in Ireland and of ending a conflict which has been so manifestly to the detriment of all. Both recognise that the ending of divisions can come about only through the agreement and co-operation of the people, North and South, representing both traditions in Ireland.

  1. Northern Ireland

    There was also a bomb attack on the R.U. (sanction by the real I.R.A.), no injuries just structural damage. During the period of 1995-2000 there were many different events that happened, in the next paragraph I am going to discuss what events took place which related to the Orange Order march in Drumcree.

  2. The Irish Question

    For example, between 1925 and 1949 not a single Catholic was appointed as a judge to the Supreme Court and in 1943 a survey showed that of the 55 most senior civil servants in Northern Ireland not a single one was Catholic.

  1. Free essay

    troubles in northern ireland

    It is small things like this that helped toward the outbreak in 1969. Source H Source H is a photograph of Royal Ulster Constabulary offices trying to take charge of an out of control civil rights march on the 5th of October 1968, in Derry.

  2. Co-operation and Conflict - Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland.

    The great famine of 1846 was to cause even more bitterness, after England failed to organize sufficient help to the starving. The Revolutionary Nationalists had to stop all its plans and actions as they got a new charter of living. The Irish had had enough after this period of time.

  1. How successful has the peace process in Northern Ireland been?

    This was set up not just to promote trust but also understanding between the two religions traditions. There were lots of successes for this initiative; firstly both the SDLP and the Alliance Party supported the declaration. This meant the Unionists and Nationalists were starting to get on better with each

  2. With what success has the Britain government tried to deal with the Irish Troubles ...

    A lot of Catholics began to switch to Sinn Fein again. In the next parliament Sinn Fein won 10% in the elections which meant that it got six seats in the new assembly. Many violence attacks began after the results of these elections and because of this it made the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work