• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the four main areas of the Weimar Constitution

Extracts from this document...


Describe the four main areas of the Weimar constitution In January 1919 Ebert asked a member of the Reichstag called Hugo Preuss who was a legal jurist to put together a draft constitution for the new republic. He began the constitution by looking at the British, French and German traditions and the USA constitution in January and finished it in August. It was submitted, as a draft, and voted on. 262 voted in favour, 75 against, however there were 423 deputies of the Reichstag, so this reveals that not everyone voted, and the constitution was not as accepted as it seems. The constitution was only supposed to be a draft, to be discussed and then finalised, but in the turbulent world of Weimar, this did not happen and it remained a draft. The constitution had four parts to it: The roles and rules of the President and Chancellor; elections and voting structures; the reichsratt and the civil liberties and freedoms of the people. ...read more.


The head of state could still dissolve the Reichstag, still commanded the army and still appointed the chancellor. Whereas previously, although the Reichstag was elected in the Kaiser Reich, they had no say in who was chancellor, he was appointed by the Kaiser, and if the Reichstag did not like him, then it was tough. In the new Republic, however, the chancellor had to have the confidence of the Reichstag or he could not be chancellor, article 53. In the Kaiser Reich, the electorate were all males over the age of 25. In Weimar, the electorate was all men and women over the age of 20, universal suffrage, which was not seen anywhere else in Europe, articles 22 &23. The electorate voted for the deputies of the Reichstag, as they had done in the Kaiser Reich, working on a system of proportional representation, were the number of seats given to a party was proportionate to the amount of votes that party received. ...read more.


In the constitution of the Kaiser Reich, civil rights are not even mentioned, but articles 109-163 list the rights of the German public. These include basic rights like being equal before the law and social and religious rights. For example all Germans were granted the freedom to practice whatever religion they choose, and the freedom to travel and live anywhere in Germany, freedom of speech and freedom of censorship. In the Kaiser Reich, there was, as has been mentioned, a constitution. There are a few subtle changes in the Weimar constitution along with some major differences. In essence, the Weimar constitution offered one of the most advanced democracies Europe had ever seen. But the German nation was not used to democracy, it was used to a monarchy and was changed from a monarchy to such a pure form of democracy in such a short period of time, and experienced such problems, that the people of Germany came to resent it. After all, it was just a draft supposed to be improved on and maybe if it had been discussed more, and redrawn, it would have lasted. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What were the main features of the Weimar Constitution?

    The Weimar government were also classed weak because of the occupation of the Ruhr and the fact that the reparations were the cause of the poverty which occurred. The Spartacists were on the left wing and they were very much communists, they were led by Liebnecht and Rosa Luxemburg.

  2. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    This legally made Hitler the F�hrer (dictator) of Germany. To conclude, the main reason for producing this book cover was to try and dissuade the German people from following Communism and instead for them to support the Nazi party. The ultimate goal for this piece of Nazi propaganda was to win votes, allowing the Nazi party to gain an overall majority and control Germany.

  1. Weimar constitution coursework

    Because Germany was getting poorer, the government simply decided to print more notes so it would be able to pay some of the war loans and reparations. Circulation of the Papiermark rocketed. The value of the Papiermark plummeted so much that by August 1923 1 million Papiermarks were needed to buy just 1 United States Dollar.

  2. Nazism and the New Age.

    and the Third Reich_ name them as "the two prime initiators of the Third Reich", (p.119) and devote two entire chapters to documenting this claim. To these can be added a third, who lived before Hitler and tried to weld Wagnerian and Nietzschean thought into one work: the British occultist

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work