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Describe the main ways in which blacks felt themselves discriminated against in the United States in the period from 1945 to 1960.

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Describe the main ways in which blacks felt themselves discriminated against in the United States in the period from 1945 to 1960 By Ali Gosling During the period of 1945 to 1960, life for Black Americans was very difficult. Discrimination plagued the country, which created extreme inequality between themselves and the white Americans. In all areas of society, different rules and laws stood for the different races as the whites thought the blacks to be inferior and not deserving of a life like their own. This caused segregation, separating races into classes of wealth and authority. The blacks fought for equal opportunities, risking their lives to change the racial opinions that prevented liberty in the United States. Every area of life was affected by this discrimination, socially blacks were not even considered worthy of using the same public facilities. They couldn't eat in the same restaurants, drink at the same fountains, walk in the same local parks, use the same bathrooms and in severe cases, have mixed marriages. This showed the unfairness in classes. Whites only restaurants were modern, up-market and stylish, whereas the blacks were cheap, dirty and below standards. Many protested against this with sit-ins, when blacks sat in the white restaurants in protest to the laws, but it was a long time until anything was changed. ...read more.


Harlem is one example of blacks being forced to live together in a rundown area, and this segregation still remains today. President Truman tried to give greater federal aid to impoverished blacks by opening more public housing in 1948. However, the administrations urban renewal programme often left blacks homeless, as there was less space in the newer, more spacious public housing units that the slums replaced. As a result of the bad living conditions the blacks faced, "African Americans life expectancy was 7 years less than whites, and their infant mortality was twice as great as whites." With the situation as bad as this, it would take decades to create equal living in housing. The problem of discrimination in housing could not be solved until the problem of unequal jobs and wages were confronted. African Americans found it almost impossible to get mortgages from mortgage lenders, as their salaries were not good enough. "Black unemployment was two and a half times that of whites and the average black family income was less than half that of the whites", this statistic summed up the economic deprivation experienced by the blacks. Without the money to move into the more expensive housing, no progress could be made on the housing situation. The average black income was always much lower than whites and "only 52% of the national average". ...read more.


Also, the courthouse was frequently not in session for registrations, and when it was, any excuse was used to prevent a black person from voting. One way this was done was to ask impossible questions to see if they were liable to vote. "How many bubbles in a bar of soap" is just one example. The Justice Department brought 57 lawsuits against local officials for obstructing African Americans who wished to register their right to vote. Polls showed that "only 6% of voters supported the civil rights programme", this demonstrates the whites opinion on the blacks getting the vote. In 1963, only 800,000 out of 20million black people were on the voting rolls. "In some places, blacks made up to 50% of the population, but only 1% of the votes." Without the vote, the discriminated black people in America could not change the country to create equality and racial justice, and this is just how the racial majority of whites wanted it to stay. So although not all whites in America were racist, the majority used their superiority and power to discriminate all blacks living in the United States between 1945 and 1960. The mass activism and civil disobedience that took place by blacks showed their unhappiness with a country riddled with racism showed their fight for civil rights. There were many areas in which blacks were discriminated against, and it took a long time before equality was created between the races and the blacks were classed as true American citizens. 2 1 ...read more.

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