• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the main ways in which blacks felt themselves discriminated against in the United States in the period from 1945 to 1960.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the main ways in which blacks felt themselves discriminated against in the United States in the period from 1945 to 1960 By Ali Gosling During the period of 1945 to 1960, life for Black Americans was very difficult. Discrimination plagued the country, which created extreme inequality between themselves and the white Americans. In all areas of society, different rules and laws stood for the different races as the whites thought the blacks to be inferior and not deserving of a life like their own. This caused segregation, separating races into classes of wealth and authority. The blacks fought for equal opportunities, risking their lives to change the racial opinions that prevented liberty in the United States. Every area of life was affected by this discrimination, socially blacks were not even considered worthy of using the same public facilities. They couldn't eat in the same restaurants, drink at the same fountains, walk in the same local parks, use the same bathrooms and in severe cases, have mixed marriages. This showed the unfairness in classes. Whites only restaurants were modern, up-market and stylish, whereas the blacks were cheap, dirty and below standards. Many protested against this with sit-ins, when blacks sat in the white restaurants in protest to the laws, but it was a long time until anything was changed. ...read more.

Middle

Harlem is one example of blacks being forced to live together in a rundown area, and this segregation still remains today. President Truman tried to give greater federal aid to impoverished blacks by opening more public housing in 1948. However, the administrations urban renewal programme often left blacks homeless, as there was less space in the newer, more spacious public housing units that the slums replaced. As a result of the bad living conditions the blacks faced, "African Americans life expectancy was 7 years less than whites, and their infant mortality was twice as great as whites." With the situation as bad as this, it would take decades to create equal living in housing. The problem of discrimination in housing could not be solved until the problem of unequal jobs and wages were confronted. African Americans found it almost impossible to get mortgages from mortgage lenders, as their salaries were not good enough. "Black unemployment was two and a half times that of whites and the average black family income was less than half that of the whites", this statistic summed up the economic deprivation experienced by the blacks. Without the money to move into the more expensive housing, no progress could be made on the housing situation. The average black income was always much lower than whites and "only 52% of the national average". ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, the courthouse was frequently not in session for registrations, and when it was, any excuse was used to prevent a black person from voting. One way this was done was to ask impossible questions to see if they were liable to vote. "How many bubbles in a bar of soap" is just one example. The Justice Department brought 57 lawsuits against local officials for obstructing African Americans who wished to register their right to vote. Polls showed that "only 6% of voters supported the civil rights programme", this demonstrates the whites opinion on the blacks getting the vote. In 1963, only 800,000 out of 20million black people were on the voting rolls. "In some places, blacks made up to 50% of the population, but only 1% of the votes." Without the vote, the discriminated black people in America could not change the country to create equality and racial justice, and this is just how the racial majority of whites wanted it to stay. So although not all whites in America were racist, the majority used their superiority and power to discriminate all blacks living in the United States between 1945 and 1960. The mass activism and civil disobedience that took place by blacks showed their unhappiness with a country riddled with racism showed their fight for civil rights. There were many areas in which blacks were discriminated against, and it took a long time before equality was created between the races and the blacks were classed as true American citizens. 2 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. One problem leading to Blacks fighting for their Civil Rights was the unjust Jim ...

    In addition a factor causing problems for blacks was the KKK, its sole purpose was to terrorise Blacks into submission. Close to five million entered the membership in the first year, many of the Klan members being corrupt politicians, judges and law enforcers.

  2. Choose any TWO stories you have read in Gullick's "Adventures and Encounters" and write ...

    ("Sultan" 99). But then, putting aside away emotions that would affect his objectivity, Clifford later reveals the truth of the King's sinful nature, "The King lived to break all his pious vows, and died a couple of years later with a heavy load of new crimes to bear" ("Sultan" 104).

  1. The scope of this investigation is to discover the Rastafari movement mainly by considering ...

    How different in 1963 are the attitudes of men. We then existed in an atmosphere of suffocating pessimism. Today, cautious yet buoyant optimism is the prevailing spirit. "But each one of us here knows that what has been accomplished is not enough. The United Nations judgments have been and continue to be subject to frustration, as individual member states have ignored its pronouncements and disregarded its recommendations.

  2. Equality in America has changed a great deal from 1865 to 1945.

    In 1890 the militant National Afro-American League was founded in Chicago, under the leadership of Timothy Thomas Fortune. During 1894 the Pullman Company strike caused a national transportation crisis. On May 11, African Americans were hired by the company as strike-breakers.

  1. How was desegregation achieved in the USA between 1945 to 1972?Throughout the majority of ...

    But throughout the years, desegregation was achieved through a mixture of measures to give us the america that stands before us today In the USA, there was massive segregation in education.

  2. The Changing Role and Status of Women since 1945

    In conclusion, although women were still accepting a subordinate role, they were achieving new positions in society and they finally had some control over life at home. Sources D and E are, however, very useful in showing us why women were finding it difficult to become independent and it helps

  1. The main idea that runs through Christianity is that everybody should be treated equally.

    This was due to the fact of his un-violent protests, which turned out to be a very strong political weapon, and in its whole the use of un-violent protest led to the independence of India. This also related to King's Christian beliefs, if someone hits you on the right cheek let him or her hit you on the left.

  2. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    and realised that it was its edication and trainging, not the colour of one's skin which makes the difference. The Europenas in South Africa had one of the highest standards of living in the owlrd with chepa servants, goods and the best jobs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work