• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the short term causes of WW1.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Short term causes of WW1 The Balkans was a very fierce and competitive place which countries went to extreme extents to be apart of. It was a place where much rivalry and tension was held, where many tactics were played, where empires collapsed. In this essay I shall discuss the short term causes which triggered the First World War; I will talk about various things some of them being, the fall of empires to the gain of countries. I will talk about the most significant factor which triggered the First World War and the way some countries influenced others, encouraging them to become independent. 1832 was when Greece won its independence from the Ottoman Empire, this impacted the Ottoman Empire in many ways, for example Serbia and Bulgaria now wanted their independence due to Greece and eventually they achieved this. Ever since Serbia had gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1878, it became a huge problem for Austria-Hungary, as the 6 million Serbs, who were located in the south of Austria-Hungary wanted to reunite with Serbia. Austria-Hungary came to a conclusion in which they decided that they would try to conquer Serbia, in order to stop this threat, as failure to do so would mean that the Serbs broke out and demands of others (Czech and Croats) ...read more.

Middle

In 1911 the Turks fell from power in Turkey, many countries including its enemies (Siberia and Russia) saw this as an opportunity to attack the Ottomans. The Balkan league was formed, this consisted of 4 countries Russia, Siberia, Montenegro, Bulgaria. All these countries went to war against the Ottomans and in 1912 declared war. Within 3 weeks the Balkan league had almost pushed the Ottomans out of Europe, the major decline in the Ottomans worried Austria-Hungary who feared nationalism would rise again and unsettle its people. The Hapsburgs' were successful in convincing the great powers to sign a peace treaty. This brang the first Balkan war to an end. This peace treaty did not last long as the war started again, however it was not similar to the first one where Balkan countries all united in order to take the Ottomans land. This war was about what each of the Balkan league had won in the previous war. Bulgaria attacked its former allies as it was unhappy about its gains. Romania joined in the war to take land from Bulgaria and even the Ottomans were able to win back some of their previous land which had been lost in the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion I Believe the First World War had to happen; tension between these countries was growing day by day. It was inevitable; however I do believe that the World war should have gone on without Britain as they had no reason to join in, if anything they should have gone against Russia as they were the ones to ruin their and France's trade, when they became part of the Balkans, although I do believe Britain got involved for a better reason, than a deal which they made over a century ago and was as important as a 'scrap of paper'. The two main countries which I believe caused the First World War were Russia and Serbia. They tried to go against Austria-Hungary every chance they got. Both were pro-nationalist, thus automatically Austria-Hungary was there main opponent (after the breaking of the Ottoman Empire). The main short term cause which triggered the First World War was the killing of Franz Ferdinand, as I believe the Hasburg family must have been furious and Serbia and Russia must have expected the Hapsburgs' to retaliate in such a way after the rejection of the ultimatum ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. The main cause for WW1 was naval Rivalry. To what extent do you agree ...

    Austria-Hungary was extremely angry at Serbia for the assassination of their heir and issued an ultimatum to Serbia and gave them 48 hours to comply but they failed, so on July 28th 1914 war was declared. In 1914 the six most powerful countries in Europe were divided into two opposing

  2. World War 1 - long and short term causes of the war.

    > The Two Alliances & The New Kaiser- Since the New Kaiser was so aggressive, this had a great impact on alliances. In fact, as a result of his aggression, France and Russia joined forces - a price which later proved to be costly.

  1. Long term Causes of World War 1

    Alliances: There were too many alliances. Every country was in to protect another and the result of this was entangling Alliances. Imperialism: All of the countries were competing for land in other countries as they were expanding their borders of their empires.

  2. What where the causes of WW1

    Nationalists believed that their own nation's needs must be met before that of other nations. These strong beliefs sometimes became obsessive as nationalists became so proud of their nation that they strived for it to become richer and more powerful than any other.

  1. Why did the Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand Start WW1?

    Empires and Alliances Germany had recently become united in to a country from squabbling city-states. Prussia was the largest of these, which in 1870 had won a war against France to gain a territory called Alsace-Lorraine, which was a big industrial area.

  2. How far was Germany to blame for causing WW1

    Over the two years two wars were fought and Serbia came out victorious in both due to their power they were able to cause these wars in order to obtain larger amounts of land even if it meant taking it from Bulgaria.

  1. What Caused WW1

    Developments in other areas of military technology and organisation led to the dominance of general staffs with precisely formulated plans for mobilising their armies and attacking, often in plans that once started could not be rethought. Statesmen everywhere realised that the tremendous and ever-growing expenditures for armament would in time

  2. Cause Behind WW1

    He walked down the road, taking a shortcut past the hospital when he saw Ferdinand who had been visiting the injured. He fired two shots, shooting Sophie in her abdomen and Ferdinand in his jugular vein. Princip was tortured and then thrown in prison, he died of tuberculosis in 1918 aged 23 (he was too young for the death sentence).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work