• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the steps by which Hitler transformed himself from Chancellor to Dictator (January 1933 August 1934).

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Cherrina Shiu L5G1 Describe the steps by which Hitler transformed himself from Chancellor to Dictator (January 1933 ? August 1934). Which step(s) was/were the most important? Was Hitler a political genius? Although Adolf Hitler could be named as one of the most brutal politicians in history, having orchestrated the deaths and sufferings of millions of Jews, there was little evidence to incriminate him as an outlaw ? he obtained all his powers through legal means, all of his actions could be justified by the German law. Adolf Hitler was appointed as the Chancellor of the Reichstag on 30 January 1933 by the German president, Hindenburg, following the suggestion of Franz von Papen, who would later be appointed Vice Chancellor. Hitler did not seize power, he was given it. Through taking steps such as passing the Enabling Act, Hitler became the ultimate power of Germany within 18 months of Chancellorship. The first step in Hitler?s ascension to power was the Reichstag Fire on 27 February 1933. The Reichstag building was set on fire, and later burned down. A Dutch Communist, Marinus van der Lubbe, was found inside the burning Reichstag building with a lighter and flammable material. ...read more.

Middle

On 20 July, he signed a Concordat with the Pope. The concordat stated that the church is to refrain from interfering in Germany?s politics and the German government would protect the Roman Catholic Church in return. Many Catholics then were happy to accept the Nazi rule as the Church did not oppose it. Protestants and Jehovah?s Witnesses, not protected by this Concordat, would be thrown into jail if they opposed the Nazi regime. By 1934, Hitler could already be considered the dictator of Germany, but there were still many factors that could potentially threaten Hitler?s power: President Hindenburg who was just as powerful as Hitler with Article 48 granting him powers to pass laws without consulting the Reichstag; The army which was independent and not loyal to Hitler; The state governments which were not dedicated to the Nazis; Internal power struggles within the Nazi Party. In 1934, Hitler would concentrate on removing potential threats to his rule. On 30 January 1934, ?Law for the Reconstruction of the State? was introduced. From March 1933 onwards, many state governments had been overthrown by the SA. The new law formally appointed commissioners to these states. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many opponents kept quiet out of fear for the SA. They were very effective in silencing Nazis? opponents and eliminating threats to Hitler?s power. Hitler himself had many personal qualities that made him a very good politician. He was a brilliant speaker and his eyes were reputed to be able to sway over people. He was a good planner and organiser. Moreover, Hitler was extremely determined: He continued with his belief throughout many obstacles that might have caused others to give up. Hitler was also a very ruthless man, he did not care who had once offered him help, and he would eliminate all threats to his powers, even if they were once friends of him. He ordered the death of Ernst Rohm, who controlled the SA, because of Rohm wanting to meddle in the affairs of the army. In conclusion, Adolf Hitler had to rely on a combination of his personal qualities and external factors to turn himself into the Fuhrer. He obtained powers through well-timed accidents (such as the Reichstag Fire), backstage intrigues (power struggle between von Papen and von Schleicher), and the existing weaknesses in the Weimar constitution (Proportional Representation and Article 48). While he was able to exploit these events to give him an advantage, he did not cause them. Therefore, I do not consider Hitler a political genius. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Was Hitler a Totalitarian Dictator?

    3 star(s)

    The Catholic Church had a large youth organization which was in direct competition with the Hitler youth. Many catholic parents preferred to send their children to the Catholic youth. Hitler noticed this and made the catholic youth illegal. The severity and dedication of members or groups of Hitler Youth varied somewhat, depending upon the area or part of Germany involved.

  2. How significant was Nazi Propaganda in maintaining Hitler in power in the years ...

    Some historians, however, believe that these schemes were unsuccessful. Tim Mason, for example, argues that the 'Strength Through Joy' campaign was only a "qualified success amongst workers, because only the better off could avoid excursions."(Welch, Nazi Propaganda, 1983, p.189).

  1. Were the events which took place during the Night of the Long Knives (June ...

    A successful industrial era under these men would return Germany to its former status as a world power, as well as assist Hitler in achieving his long-term aim of remilitarisation. However "the anti-capitalist, anti-tradition sentiments often expressed by SA leaders and echoed by the restless masses of storm troopers also

  2. Describe and explain the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi's (with reference ...

    he believed that the German army would have won had the politicians not signed the armistice. The armistice led to the treaty of Versailles, which crippled Germany and is also another very important long-term political cause for Hitler and the Nazi's rise to power.

  1. To what extent was Hitler a totalitarian dictator?

    This did not help Hitler as such but it hindered future governments from obtain his control and left his party safe as no one could do to them as they did to others. This enabled the regime to ban all other parties using the Enabling Act, on July 1933.

  2. To what extent was the backstairs intrigue responsible for Hitler being able to take ...

    It's not worth tracking the ins and outs of all these schemes, but the one that got Hitler into power is worth noting. Hitler's unexpected savior was Franz von Papen, one of the former Chancellors, a remarkably incompetent man who owed his political career to a personal friendship with Hindenburg.

  1. Between 1933 and 1945 Hitler and the Nazi Part were successful in their creation ...

    In many ways, his policies seemed to work, ad the percentage of aristocratic generals declined from 61 to 25. This decline of aristocracy proves that Hitler seemed to be well on his way to create his classless Volksgemeinshaft. In order to create his Volksgemeinshaft Hitler saw the responsibility of women as bearing and bringing up the future leaders of Nazism.

  2. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    to form the opinion that the Nazis were a good political party, especially combined with their propaganda they were being exposed to. The Hitler Jugend also gave an image of vigour and youthful dynamism to the party, and people were attracted to its new ideas and vitality.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work