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Describe the treatment of black Africans in South Africa in the 1930s and 1940s.

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Introduction

Describe the treatment of black Africans in South Africa in the 1930s and 1940s. This assignment will describe how black South Africans were treated in the 1930s and 1940s before the system of apartheid begun in 1948. In this assignment I will describe come ways in which the life for the blacks became worse during this period of time. In 1910 the four colonies of South Africa these were Natal, The Transvaal, Cape Colony and the Orange Free State had joined up to make self governing dominion called the Union of South Africa. The colonies had different beliefs about political rights. Mainly the Afrikaner Orange Free State and The Transvaal had no voting rights at all. In Natal some blacks could vote in elections but the rules were so complicated. In Cape Colony however things were different any man who owned �50 a year or had a property worth �70 or more had a right to vote. These were clear differences in the treatment of blacks at the turn of this century. Towards the ends of the 19th century a new educated middle class of blacks emerged some of these were traders, clerks, interpreters and priests. Most of these people were usually educated in mission schools, which were set up especially for coloured people such as blacks. ...read more.

Middle

This colour bar meant that good jobs were reserved for whites only. In the 1930s more and more blacks had moved in large groups into the towns and cities. In 1904 10% of blacks were town dwellers and in 1936 it increased to 19%. This meant that lots of blacks were moving into one area so the city councils started to build municipal townships, which meant that only a small proportion of blacks were housed. These municipal townships were sited where the blacks did not wish to live and also the land, which the whites did not want, was given to blacks. The whites gave this land to the blacks because there was nearby rubbish tips and those sites were really dirty and also next to sewage farms. Many blacks lived in urban slum yards. All male migrant workers continued to be housed in compounds and hostels. Al large number of blacks worked for the whites as being servants whilst the other female survived as prostitution or the illegal brewing of alcohol. They did this because so they can earn their own kind of money. In 1939 the situation still got worse. The average of blacks was 10% worse because of prices had gone up but the wages stayed the same. ...read more.

Conclusion

This charter said that that the allies were fighting the war to save freedom, democracy and peace from Hitler's tyrannical dictatorship. Black South Africans who fought in Africa and Europe knew about the charter and what the charter said, also blacks within South Africa also read about it, and as the war came to a finish, their hopes for a greater freedom and democracy within South Africa rose. In 1943 the blacks that were the most active from the African National Congress published Africans' claims. This claim was to show how determined it was to achieve democracy, freedom and equality for all races, above all there should be no advantages or disadvantages based on any race, but this the government ignored. To conclude I have found out that after World War 2 some improvements were made for the blacks such as the blacks having their own land. But overall the main treatment was the blacks having a bit of land and giving them some freedom. The blacks were not allowed to vote, which meant that they couldn't have their say and they didn't have their sense of pride and they couldn't move freely as they were controlled by the government. Also they weren't allowed to live where they wanted, which ended up with the blacks having poor sewage, dirty places to live. From all this we saw the beginning of the apartheid system and how they were treated. Page 1 Mohammed Mohammed 10 O 01 May 2007 ...read more.

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