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"Despite his reputation as the 'Tsar Liberator', Alexander II had failed to satisfy the growing mood for change in Russia by the time of his assassination in 1881" Explain why you agree or disagree with this statement.

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Introduction

"Despite his reputation as the 'Tsar Liberator', Alexander II had failed to satisfy the growing mood for change in Russia by the time of his assassination in 1881" Explain why you agree or disagree with this statement. Tsar Alexander II earned the unofficial title 'Tsar Liberator' from the Russian serfs when he introduced the Edict of Emancipation in 1861. This was an Edict that gave the serfs their freedom and enabled them to become free citizens. At the time of Tsar Alexander II coming to the throne, there was a great demand for change in Russia. Reformation was seen as essential to Russia's survival in the modern European world and Tsar Alexander II knew this. During his reign Alexander II reformed things such as the judicial system, the military and local governments but also, in some ways, contradicted his reform and introduced some reactionary measures which included reviving exile to Siberia and restricting zemstvos from communicating with each other. These reactionary methods may not have been too welcome in a society where there was a great demand for change. Tsar Alexander II reformed many important things that improved people's lives greatly, but there is still a lot of evidence that shows Alexander had failed to satisfy the people. ...read more.

Middle

In 1866 an assassination attempt was made on Alexander and another followed the following year. Both of these attempts had an impact on Alexander and he went through a period of reaction. "Alexander felt the need for more security...The Tsar began to retreat from public life....This reactionary force, coupled, as some saw it, with the lack of any major new reforms, led to a gradual growth in revolutionary activity." (Russia 1815 - 1881 by Russell Sherman) This quote shows the effects of assassination attempts on the Tsar (more security around the Tsar was not surprising) and it also shows that during this period of the Tsar being less prominent, the revolutionary force grew. This may have been because of a need for change and, as the quote states, there were no new major reforms to satisfy this need so this could have caused the revolutionary force to grow. Tsar Alexander II may have failed to satisfy the people because even though he introduced many major reforms, they had limited aims. For example, the Emancipation edict. From the serfs point of view it may have looked like The Tsar was introducing it for the well being of the people but in fact, it was introduced for quite selfish reasons. ...read more.

Conclusion

Tsar Alexander agreed to this proposal and signed it on the morning of his assassination. So because of the death of the Tsar this plan was later abolished. There is much evidence to agree with the statement of Alexander failing to satisfy the growing mood for change in Russia by the time of his assassination in 1881, but there is also a lot of evidence to disagree with the statement. One important point is that his assassination doesn't mean that the whole of the Russian population wanted him dead, it may have just been one group of people who had this thought. Tsar Alexander II's increasing popularity may have been the cause of his death. For example, if people such as Alexander Herzen had the belief that the Russian peasantry would start a revolution then Alexander becoming more popular would be the opposite of what they would want. The Tsars high popularity would mean that the people's demand for a revolution would decrease day by day. Alexander's assassination may have been because his opposition groups saw it as the only possible way of gaining their socialist society. On the whole the evidence seems to suggest that Alexander II satisfied the mood for change with all of the reformation that took place, even though some reaction also took place. ...read more.

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