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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Essay length: 1079 words

Did life Improve for Black people after 1865? The Civil war finally ended in 1865 but did life really improve

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Did life Improve for Black people after 1865? The Civil war finally ended in 1865 but did life really improve for the Blacks there after? In this essay I am going to give evidence for and against to support whether or not life did improve. I will discuss the new organisations that arose such as the Ku Klux Klan and the Freedmen's Bureau, As well as the blood and gore side of things. Why did they use such terrible methods of murder? 1865: 13th Amendment Slavery Abolished 1868: 14th Amendment Black people became US citizens protected by the Law 1870: 15th Amendment Blacks were allowed to vote The Freedmen's Bureau was an organisation set up by the government in 1865. It organised education, health care, orphanages and found work of a reasonable standard for ex-slaves. By 1874 schools had increased literacy skills among black people to 20%. Many States took this to their advantage and used it as an excuse to limit the rights of black people.

Middle

The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1865 and was made up of white extremists who wanted nothing more than to ensure that White people would be totally in control of society at present and in the future. They used methods like Lynching on black people. Lynching means to kill someone by hanging them or violently beating them. The organisation was banned in 1872 but they didn't let that stop them. By 1920 it had 5 million members. They would wear white robes with hoods so that members would not be recognised. Atrocious campaigns such as these were extremely hard to terminate because a large number of Judges and policemen were members themselves. Half a million black people moved to the northern states between 1916 and 1920 so that they could leave behind the tremendous discrimination of the south. In order to separate blacks from whites, ghettos quickly developed and more and more housing, schools and churches were built.

Conclusion

Between 1890 and 1910 they limited the rights of black people by passing their own laws which meant that blacks were forced to live separately from whites. These laws were known as The Jim Crow Laws after a line in a plantation song sung by the slaves. Blacks were forced to use separate Hotels, Transport and schools and were treated as second class citizens. In states where the laws had not changed, violence and intimidation were used to scare black people away from voting and living free lives! Some aspects of life did improve for the Blacks like The Freedmen's Bureau and Sharecropping organisations but the general lifestyle of the black people did not improve. They were never once treated equally to white people, their rights were extremely limited and hundreds of thousands were brutally murdered! Looking at the Amendments that were made you would think that life had improved but things following on from them like the Ku Klux Klan prove the total opposite. Unfortunately severe Racism still continues today in many parts of the world!

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