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Did Martin Luther King Jr transform the lives of black America?

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Introduction

Question1 Source A is a US Government Report from 1947 titled 'To secure these rights'. There are two diagrams depicted in shown section of the report. The part of it that is shown has the writing 'The Nations Capital. A symbol of freedom and equality?' The first picture describes a Negroes journey from North to South. In the North we can see that the transport is shared between both Negroes and Whites. As they get further South into Washington. D.C., they must change to 'Jim Crow' trains. Jim Crow trains were the trains that Negroes were made to use. They were of a lower standard than the transport provided for the Whites. First of all the source gives me the impression that at that time the white Americans were the ones who were the more powerful. If the black Americans had been as powerful then there would either have been a civil war or there wouldn't have been any problems. It also shows me that the white Americans still had no respect for the black Americans. ...read more.

Middle

The protestors demands were; a more polite service from the white drivers, the employment of black drivers and the end of black passengers having to stand when the bus was not full. I think that the whites would have had fairly mixed views about this campaign. On one hand, the blacks seemed quite powerful and this may have worried the whites as this was a show of power and was damaging the white bus companies businesses but on the other hand it meant that there were more bus seats and they could feel less pressurised by the blacks around them. If I was a white southerner then I think I would feel angrily towards the blacks for trying to have a say in what they could and couldn't do. I would find their optimism and confidence intimidating and would want to join a group such as the KKK so that I would feel more powerful than the blacks. I don't think that the whites would have cared very much about the fact that there were more bus seats but felt more strongly about the fact that the blacks were attempting to overthrow the whites control. ...read more.

Conclusion

The boycott is depicted as a success and triumph by calling it 'The Montgomery Story'. The top caption looks like a selling point but it tells us that Martin Luther King was a religious man and had God's power on his side. Question 4 J. F. Kennedy proposed the 1964 Civil Rights Act in the September of 1963 and was due to come before congress in November of that year. It contained the following provisions; a ban on exclusion from public places, the Attorney-General could file law suits to speed up desegregation etc, the FEPC (Fair Employment Practises Commission) was set up on a permanent legal basis, no discrimination on any federally aided programmes and finally a Community Relations Service was set up to deal with remaining disputes. During November however, Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Source D comments on an event leading up to the Civil Rights Act; the March to Washington held in the summer of 1963. The march was held Question 5 Source F is an obituary of King published in the New York Times the day after Kings assassination. Question 6 Martin Luther King's leadership of the civil rights movement transformed the lives of black Americans. ...read more.

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