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Did the New Deal help all sections of America? How far was Roosevelt responsible for this?

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Introduction

Question 3: Did the New Deal help all sections of America? How far was Roosevelt responsible for this? The New Deal was a huge social and economical programme to restore the faith of the American people in their government. It did manage to help some of the American people, mainly the worst off/lower sections of society, to an extent however it did not help all sections of American people. I am going to discuss whether life got better for all Americans and if so how, and I will also discuss how far Roosevelt was responsible for this. Black people were the most discriminated against at this time. They were seen as inferior in every way and were not aloud to sit near white people on buses, benches and in restaurants. They could not go to the same hospitals either. There was a large population of Native American Indians as well. They needed more land and a larger sense of independence. Woman did not have equal rights. They were not offered the same jobs as men and were lower payed than men in the ones they did get. Farmers were also in bad circumstances and did not have enough food to eat, they needed help to survive. Finally there was labour unrest, the masses of workers had little protection against irresponsible and sinister employers because the trade unions that helped get trade unions compensation and better rights for working conditions and pay had no government support and failed to function. ...read more.

Middle

The CCC enabled city men to acquire life skills and become fit and healthy from all the fresh air. Between 1933-42 three million took part in these schemes. Despite its undeniable success, black people were still in segregated versions of the CCC camps and only 8000 women were a part of it. This scheme helped a lot of people, just not a large amount of different groups of people. The Civilian Works Administration was designed to give as many people jobs as possible. But apart from building roads, many of the jobs such as sweeping up leaves just gave people something to do. The Publics Works Administration on the other hand, believed in providing jobs of lasting value. And it worked; formerly unemployed men built dams; houses and sewage systems successfully. Even woman benefited. They were given responsible positions of running the agencies that were helping these people. The new deal definitely helped the unemployed, men and woman alike. The needy were a subject that was close to Roosevelt's heart. The New Deal set up the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, which gave money to the starving and homeless in order to survive. Money was also lent to people to stop them losing their homes through the Home Owners Loan Corporation. The needy were being helped and everyone felt as though were going to beat the depression. ...read more.

Conclusion

So overall the agricultural side of life in America was helped. A lot of unemployed people were helped by the CCC and were given jobs. The PWA also helped give unemployed people worthwhile and lasting jobs. But most of the people that benefited from these schemes were young white males. The tougher areas that needed to be dealt with such as employment for woman and black people only slightly improved. Roosevelt was not as successful as many people wanted him to be. However there was a lot of successful work done to help the needy. FERA and the HOLC helped people from the brink of ruin and starvation and loss of homes get back on their feet. This made the nation warm to Roosevelt, as he had successfully begun to improve the misfortunate people's lives. Industry was helped as more high priced goods were being bought which made the economy improve and stabilise however some of the opposition felt that all this tampering to the economy was going to damage it in the long run and also damage to the nations self resilience reputation had been done but Roosevelt's plans worked and things were looking up. Overall, did everyone's lives get better after the New Deal? Well no, but the majority did and even the groups with lower rights such as woman and black people lives did improve a little. So on the whole the New Deal did bring success, confidence and happiness to America once again and we could hold Roosevelt mainly responsible for this. Fiona Crookshank Roosevelt Coursework ...read more.

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