• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Did the PLO achieve anything using terrorism

Extracts from this document...


Did the PLO Achieve Anything Using Terrorism? The Arab population began to lose faith in their governments to defeat the state of Israel after numerous wars in which the Arab forces had been defeated by the Israelis, most notably in the Six Day War. From 1959 onwards the Palestinian population realised that they could not rely fully on the Arab states to destroy the state of Israel, and so many different Palestinian organisations began to appear and take more of an active role in the campaign to defeat Israel. One organisation in particular, Fatah, was led by Yasser Arafat and became prominent in Kuwait. In the 1960's and onwards Fatah fought for liberation of the Palestinians. In 1964 the Arab governments started an organisation called the Palestinian Liberation Organisation, or the PLO. The Arab governments ran the PLO, with President Nasser of Egypt and his government taking a leading role. It was created due to the demand and hope of the Palestinian people that the neighbouring Arab countries would destroy Israel. ...read more.


At the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, Black September, a group in the PLO, held 11 Israeli athletes hostage, eventually leading to the death of the 11 hostages. 'Black September' was named after the event in which the PLO were forced out of Jordan by King Hussein. The terrorists were killed at the airport in Munich by German police forces in a gun battle, but the mission was a huge success for the PLO anyway, due to the huge amounts of publicity that had been gained. This publicity was due to the attack taking place at such a high-profile event, but also because it contrasted with the peaceful meaning behind the Olympic Games, that countries can unite as one. In 1972 Japanese supporters of the PFLP killed 26 Israeli civilians at Lod airport in Israel. This shows that the support for the PLO was widespread, and stretched across the whole world. In 1976, the PFLP hijacked a French plane full of Israeli passengers. ...read more.


King Hussein didn't like the methods that the PLO were using, and thought that the PLO had become too powerful and so fighting broke out between the PLO and Jordanians where 10,000 Palestinians were killed. By using terrorism while being based in Jordan, the PLO lost both the support of a powerful ally and also a 'base' that was situated perfectly for the needs of the PLO. This was a huge setback for the PLO. Israel refused to negotiate with the PLO whilst the PLO were still using terrorism, and so this meant that terrorism was achieving opposite to what it was meant to- it was actually postponing talks with Israel. In conclusion the PLO did achieve publicity and recognition by using terrorism, and allowed the Palestinians a place in world politics through the UN. However, terrorism also created a negative view of the PLO, and some countries that had supported the PLO before the terrorism were shocked and disappointed by the actions of the PLO. The goal of the PLO to have an independent Palestinian State was not achieved by using terrorism. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How did the Village of Deir Yassin come to be Fought Over in 1948 ...

    For example, it is true that 154 people were killed at the massacre but the fact that it frightened the Arabs into leaving and that the Haganah took part could be inaccurate to win sympathy from the public. Source B however shows the Israeli view of the same conflict and

  2. Free essay

    2.) Did the peaceful methods of the PLO achieve more, or less, than terrorism

    Arafat extended his hand first, while Rabin needed some encouragement from Clinton to shake hands.

  1. Keeping Mandela in prison between 1964 and 1990 was a mistake(TM)

    So again proves B's argument. In 1994, 4 years after Mandela was released from the notorious Robyn Island prison the first elections took place. . This showed that ending apartheid was not only important in South Africa but also the rest of the world believed that the apartheid should come to an end.

  2. The Environmental, Social and Ethical Consequences of mining, processing and using Uranium.

    After the discovery of nuclear fission (the process in which a unstable nucleus splits into two or more smaller, lighter nuclei, with the release of two or three neutrons, and massive

  1. " Individuals do not 'shape' historical events; the best they can do is to ...

    after he was dead than when he had been alive: all of it is scalded into the mind and memory of those defiant times. He would resurrect, young people shouted in the late 60's. The lesson of Che is the lesson of hope and dedication.

  2. The basic idea of my project is to demonstrate that Colombia's global reputation, drugs ...

    They found out that in between 1928 and 2000, 70% of all the movies, projected a negative image of the Italians. They also notices that 40% of all the characters involved in crime scenes were Italians. Some other 300 films of this type have gone into the market.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    A further key feature was that Gorbachev increased his own popularity with the USA for signing the treaty. By limiting the number of soviet missiles, the USA saw this as a sign that the USSR was willing to cooperate and get along with the USA.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    - Breakthrough contact with the communist world, US President Nixon visited China before the USSR * Dramatic improvement in Sino-American relations was an added incentive for Soviets to improve their relations with the US Impacts: 1) The Sino-Soviet Split led to an improvement in relations between the US & China 2)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work