• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Differences between 1st and 2nd New Deal

Extracts from this document...


Radu Homorozan Differences between 1st and 2nd New Deal In analyzing the New Deal and its development, historians have often distinguished between a "First New Deal" of 1933 and a "Second New Deal" of 1935. In the First and Second New Deal model, the First New Deal, enacted during the first "Hundred Days" of the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the spring of 1933, especially involved efforts to achieve economic recovery by means of national planning and controls and to provide "relief" assistance to the unemployed and impoverished. The key programs of the First New Deal were the National Recovery Administration (NRA) and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA), designed to bring balanced recovery in the industrial and agricultural sectors, and the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA), to provide assistance to the needy. ...read more.


One view maintains that the New Deal moved in a more radical policy direction in 1935, with its emphasis on social-democratic programs to provide economic security, to support organized labor, and to implement more progressive taxation. Another version holds that while the New Deal became politically more radical in 1935, with anti-business rhetoric and appeals to the working class, it actually became more conservative ideologically and programmatically by moving away from federal planning and controls and towards regulatory efforts to ensure a more competitive market economy. The First and Second New Deal framework seems to oversimplify and therefore to distort the nature and development of the New Deal. Policymaking was more complicated and had more continuity than the model suggests, and changing circumstances rather than ideological change largely accounted for the differences between the First and the Second New Deals. ...read more.


Surviving spouses initially had no benefits, and African Americans often held jobs not covered by the act. Benefits were relatively small, and the old-age and unemployment insurance were financed largely by regressive payroll taxes. The act did not include health insurance. In the reworking of social reform policy in 1935, "unemployables" (including such groups as children, the elderly, and the blind) fell to state responsibility, though the Social Security Act provided for matching grants for such categories of the needy. Other Second New Deal programs also had important limits. The "Wealth Tax" turned out to be something of a misnomer, for after Congress revised it, the legislation had little redistributionist character and did little to reduce concentrations of corporate wealth and power. The Public Utilities Holding Company Act also underwent significant revision, though ultimately it did help to decentralize the utilities industry and end some of the worst monopolistic practices. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Roosevelt's New Deal

    He understood the hardships and problems of people in the rural and industrial areas as he had experienced it in his early life. He aimed his policies at helping the people from these areas a lot which t he other politicians did not do.

  2. Research Topic: Health Welfare of elderly in Shanghai

    ageing population situation, this would then allow us to gain a better insight about Shanghai's welfare, its history and the significance of health welfare in the richest city in China. The reason why we chose Shanghai's health welfare is because it is a very broad topic and understand how the

  1. Explain the features of the New Deal.

    The New Deal also set up an agency to help out the banks. This was called the "Securities and Exchange Commission". They were given "sweeping powers" by the government to control the activity of the stock market. This would help so in future, investors could have greater confidence and would not be swindled out of their money.

  2. swansea and the Blits version 2

    They did this because they thought Germans might try to come on land by sea, but they didn't. To prepare for the war they also broadcasted to the nation to apple for men between the age of 17 and 65, and their function would be to guard steel, coal and

  1. Using a Streamline-Based Model in Assisted History Matching.

    Transforms Permeability can also be altered by re-deriving the porosity/permeability transform. This technique minimises the danger of applying a simple multiplication factor, of generating permeabilities that are inconsistent with reservoir porosity Porosity Multipliers are assigned on a well-by-well basis to increase or decrease porosity.

  2. May 1st 1845.

    I was petrified. I thought they were going to attack us, but they never. They just stood and watched us walk by. They were the first live Indians I've ever seen. They don't look like us at all. They have dark brown skin and dress in what looks like animal skins.

  1. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    Pasteur then left a liquid culture exposed to air and injected a new batch of chickens with it. He then injected the same chickens with a fresher and stronger culture. The chickens did NOT DIE Batch C: 1. Pasteur then injected a new batch with the stronger, fresher culture only.

  2. Pompeii and Herculaneum Conservation

    for the amounts of tourists that it gets every year, compared to the population it had thousands of years ago, that is the amount of tourists coming in every year is overwhelming the capacity that Pompeii used to be able to sustain, with a population one tenth the size of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work