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Difficulties of Establishing Stability In The Wiemar Government

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Introduction

Using the source, and your own knowledge, explain the difficulties of establishing stability in the Weimar Republic in the years 1918-24 The period of 1918-24 was full of surprises, revolts, hyper inflation (and as a result, the collapse of the mark) and perhaps the biggest event was the signing of the treaty of Versailles by the new Weimar government, which led to humiliation and political instability. We can gather this much information from reading the source, quote 'The new Weimar government left many German people feeling humiliated and wanting revenge'. The recently ended world war left Germany in big financial problems, the cost of reparations. The treaty of Versailles was another problem that had resulted from the war. Hyperinflation was a consequence of Germany overspending due to war. There was also huge political problems with the new constitution. The three points I will be covering in the essay are the: Treaty of Versailles, The cost of reparations and the Weimar constitution. ...read more.

Middle

They believed the war was slef defence, and as compensation (including reparations) Germany owed 6,600million (which could be paid in annual installations, if necessary), this commission was issued in 1921. However, the reparations issues, as the source suggests, caused further problems with Weimar Germany. Germany was already in hyperinflation and the mark was rapidly losing value (In December 1923 the exchange rate was 4,200,000,000,000 Marks to 1 US dollar). The cost of the reparations was a huge burden for Germany to repay, because lots of their industry and agricultural land had already been 'confiscated' by the UN, and on top of this the Germans thought that they shouldn't be paying any compensation because they only went into war as an act of self defence. The German public wanted Germany to be one of the superpowers of the world and the dominant European country, but the way the war was taking them they were becoming poorer every minute, as the source says 'The size of the reparations threatened to make Germany very poor.' ...read more.

Conclusion

Even though, there were many problems, many extremists could form, left (Communists) and right (German National Party), they hates the Weimar democracy and wanted to destroy it. The president was allowed unlimited power, in times of emergency, he could force law without consulting his board of officials, and he was close to becoming a dictator he had so much power. The Constitution needed a very strong leader to be the president. Overall the source is correct in its claims that the German people felt humiliated and wanted revenge by the way the Allies had treaty Germany and by the Treaty of Versailles being signed by the Weimar government. Evidence does suggest that the size of reparations threatened to make every German poor. And it is clear that many Germans blamed the New government for signing the armistice that had led to the peace treaty. From my point of view, the main factor which contributed to the difficulties in establishing stability in the Weimar Republic in the years 1918-24 was the government signing the treaty of Versailles, and that caused an avalanche of problems and disputes developing into the many revolts and perceived deception. Ruairi O'Hara ...read more.

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