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Discrimination against Jews 1933-1939

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Introduction

Discrimination of Jews - 1933-1939 In 1933, persecution and discrimination of the Jews became active Nazi policy. On April 1st that year there was an official one-day boycott of Jewish doctors, lawyers, teachers and stores all over Germany. This marked the beginning of the assault against the Jews. Six days later, the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service was passed. This banned Jews from being teachers, professors, judges, or holding any other government position. Not very long after, a similar law was passed, preventing Jews from being lawyers, doctors, tax consultants, and notaries. Together, these laws meant privileged positions (which were now reserved for "Aryan Germans") were no longer available to Jews. This forced them to work in menial positions, effectively making them second-class citizens. On May 10 1933, thousands of Nazi students, together with many professors, stormed university libraries and bookstores throughout Germany to get rid of tens of thousands of books written by non-Aryans and those opposed to Nazi ideology. In order to cleanse German culture of "un-Germanic" writings, these books were torched in bonfires. ...read more.

Middle

So, those with four German grandparents were considered "of German blood"; those with three or more Jewish grandparents were now Jewish; and those with one or two Jewish grandparents became Mischling, or "of mixed blood". As a result, the categorisation of a Jew was not based not on that individual's religious beliefs, but on his ancestry. In the weeks before and during the 1936 Winter and Summer Olympic Games held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Berlin, respectively, the Nazis toned down much of their anti-Jewish activities and there was a lull in their anti-Semitic campaign. "Jew Unwelcome" signs were taken down from many public places like parks and swimming pools. Hitler did not want criticism of his government's actions to result in the Games being transferred to another country, as this would've been a serious blow to Germany's international reputation. In 1937 and 38, German authorities again stepped up the maltreatment of Jews, in particular the Aryanisation of businesses. Aryanisation was the dismissal of Jewish workers and managers of a company and/or the takeover of Jewish-owned businesses by non-Jewish Germans who bought them at extremely low prices which were determined by the government or Nazi party officials. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Jewish people were fined 1 billion reichsmarks for the damage. The government also used the horrendous events of that night as an excuse to confiscate 20% of all Jewish property. In the aftermath of what would come to be known as Kristallnacht ('the Night of Broken Glass'), Jews realised that they had no future in Germany and more than 115,000 emigrated. The Nazis had always been openly anti-Semitic: as early as 1919, Adolf Hitler had written ""Rational anti-Semitism... Its final objective must unswervingly be the removal of the Jews altogether". In his book, Mein Kampf, he further developed the idea of the Jews as an evil race striving for world domination. Nazi anti-Semitism was rooted in religious, political and racial anti-Semitism. The Nazis portrayed Jews as a race and not a religious group and branded them Untermenschen ("subhumans"). This anti-Semitism could be resolved: religious by conversion, political by expulsion. Racial anti-Semitism could be resolved in one way and one way only: extermination. So, what started as discrimination, progressively worsened and eventually culminated in the "Final Solution to the Jewish Problem", or as it is more commonly referred to: the Holocaust. ...read more.

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