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Discrimination Sources Question

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Introduction

Question 1 The phrase "All men are created equal" occurs in both Source A and Source B. In what ways do Sources B, C and D contradict this claim? The claim that "All men are created equal" is contradicted in Source B when King says 'my four little children one day will be able to live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin'; this suggests that King himself lives in a nation where he is judged by his skin colour and so not 'all men are created equal'. It is contradicted in Source C when the journalist says that blacks were segregated from the white members of a town by a river, this is not 'equal'. It is contradicted in Source D when the Mayor of Detroit says that he was discriminated against in the allocation of jobs even though he was higher skilled, this is not 'equal'. Question 2 How reliable are Sources E and F as evidence of inter-racial attitudes in the southern states of the U.S.? Source E is reliable because it is the account of the person who was the central character in the scandal. Also because the account has been published the facts must have been checked out and verified so that it is reliable. ...read more.

Middle

It also says that all of her other Negroes never had time to 'dream', down in Mississippi while all King did was to 'go on and on talking about his dream'. Another division in the black community were those people who thought that instead of and end to segregation King should be going for revenge on the Whites who had oppressed them for 500 years. Question 6 "The Civil Rights Acts were not enough..." Using Source P, explain whether you agree or disagree with his interpretation. I agree with this statement, from looking at the source I can see that the Civil Rights bill had not worked. Things for them were not as they were for the whites. They were not getting equal education, the schools were understaffed, under funded and overcrowded. They saw themselves living in squalor in overcrowded inner city districts like Watts and finally they saw that the draft taking young men to Vietnam sent more blacks than whites. This happened because the draft was structured to mean that only those out of university education and those without doctors orders would be sent to Vietnam, as no blacks went to university and could not afford orders from a doctor not to go they were forced to go. They also saw that the law was only for the whites, this is shown by there being only 5 black police officers in the Watts police force of 205. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the allocation of jobs blacks were discriminated against. For example Source D tells of a black man being top of his class but still not getting jobs he applied for because whites who were not as good as he were chosen over him. This was the same in N. Ireland. It was not unheard of for the excuse for not accepting the job application on the grounds of religion. It was thought that if Catholics and blacks could be kept down socially they could have no effect on the country. In education catholic and black schools were under funded, overstaffed and overcrowded. And so these two groups were prevented from gaining a 3rd level education making an elite of oppressors. Both groups used similar tactics, those of civil disobedience, protests and demos. Their aims were helped to be met by the media, which broadcast the protesters getting beatings, and so embarrassed the governments. These marches brought about for King the Civil Rights Bill and for NICRA the 5 Point Reforms from O'Neill. Both groups also faced opposition. King was seen as a dreamer by some and to soft by others. NICRA also faced opposition in the form of the People's Democracy, who wanted a socialist state while the PIRA wanted a United Ireland. To conclude some thought that NICRA were influenced by protestant demos in '66 but those at the heart of the organisation like Paddy Devlin admit that it took its inspiration from the American Civil Rights Association. ...read more.

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