• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the different methods used by Malcolm X and Martin Luther king Jr in campaigning for civil rights.

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the different methods used by Malcolm X and Martin Luther king Jr in campaigning for Civil Rights Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X were two black men who were both after the same thing, a better life for black people. They didn't want to be treated differently just because of the colour of their skin. The difference between the two is how they went about achieving their aims and how their aims differed between the two men. Martin Luther King had a different upbringing to Malcolm X. He was from a middle class family, whose name was well established in Atlanta. He was a smart student, who skipped two grades before entering an Ivy League college at the age of 15. He was class valedictorian with an A average. His home environment was full of dreams and love, were they had strong values which showed a sense of self worth. Through the upbringing that he had, he adopted an ideology of how black and white people would live together as equals. ...read more.


When he was realised, he met Elijah Mohammed for the first time in 1952. He became an Islamic minister and preached about 'black supremacy' and 'separatism between blacks and whites'. He thought that equality was impossible because whites had 'no moral conscious'. He blamed the white people for the terrible conditions that most of the black community had to live in. "The community where you live will get poorer and poorer and the community where you spend you money will get richer" He had wanted to live equally, but knew that the only way to do this was to live separately, putting the black people's money back into the black community. Martin Luther King made sure that the protests were peaceful. During the Montgomery Bus Boycotts, King made sure that there was no violence. It helped to make them seem less barbaric compared to the violence that the white people showed towards them. It helped to desegregate busses, something that would last, and was another step forward for civil rights. ...read more.


He found out that the man he had looked up to and followed, Elijah Mohammed, had been committing adultery, which was against the religion that he preached. Malcolm was actually rejected from the Nation of Islam for having too much power. Malcolm then went and travelled and found that the Muslims were colour-blind towards one another. When he came back, therefore, he became less extreme and encouraged black people to vote and to join organisations that made them active in their community. He started his own religious establishment, the Muslim Mosque. He believed more with the tactics that King had been using all along through his recent experiences. Not everything that they wanted was different. They both wanted 'self-knowledge and respect for ones history and culture as the basis for unity' Martin Luther King and Malcolm X were two men, that went about getting their similar goals in different ways. Malcolm X was seen by most as an extremist, while King was a peacemaker. The were both so committed to making things better for black people, that they both died for their cause showing the extent to which they went to, to make the injustice right. 1 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Describe the different methods used by Malcolm X and Martin Luther King in campaign ...

    As can be seen whites had an extremely bad influence on Malcolm X's early life, this making him bitter and critical towards the people which he loathed. When he eventually left prison in 1952 Malcolm X had been converted to the Nation of Islam, a black Muslim group in which he became a prominent speaker.

  2. Martin and Malcolm: Two Voices for Justice

    of politics, economics, and religious institutions.29 Martin's new assessments of racism, black empowerment, and the war caused a shift in his emphasis and meaning regarding the themes of love, justice, and hope. No longer was love the focus of his work, but instead hope.

  1. Malcolm X and Martin Luther King: Compared and Contrasted.

    That same year aged fourteen he confided to his favourite teacher that he wanted to be a lawyer. Malcolm was told "that's no realistic goal for a nigger."(Source 1) It was not surprising when Malcolm Little then dropped out of school and became a chauffeur and houseman for Dr.

  2. Examine the beliefs of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X. Comment on the differences ...

    Even when the soldiers arrested him, he did not struggle and defy them he even asked God to forgive them, "Father, forgive them; for they do no know what they are doing."4 Another man King looked up to was an American theologian and writer, Henry David Thoreau who believed in

  1. What was the contribution of Martin Luther King to the civil rights movement?

    Freedom rides were another effective form of peaceful protest. Although the buses themselves had been de-segregated, the bus-stations, shops and restaurants continued to have 'whites only' signs. It involved black civil rights leaders catching buses to southern bus stations; on arrival they would try to use 'whites only' services.

  2. Critical Analysis - Martin Luther King, Jr.

    This put to the audience how blacks have always been mistreated and its time to put a stop to it. King uses many metaphors in his speech, 'manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination;', the metaphor used here describes how blacks were held back throughout history.

  1. Martin Luther King.

    Many restaurants were desegregated- a fact which proved beyond any shadow of doubt the efficiency of the sit-in movement due to the behavior of its participants who were dressed in their Sunday clothes, were quiet, nonviolent and respectful. Martin's response to the sit-ins was more complex.

  2. How did Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X influence the Black people's oppression ...

    Malcolm's father, Earl Little was a strong supporter of the Black Nationalist Leader Marcus Garvey, and his strong involvement in the civil rights movements prompted death threats from white supremacist organizations such as the Black Legion. This forced the family to relocate twice before Malcolm's fourth birthday.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work