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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Essay length: 1129 words

Discuss the different methods used by Malcolm X and Martin Luther king Jr in campaigning for civil rights.

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Discuss the different methods used by Malcolm X and Martin Luther king Jr in campaigning for Civil Rights Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X were two black men who were both after the same thing, a better life for black people. They didn't want to be treated differently just because of the colour of their skin. The difference between the two is how they went about achieving their aims and how their aims differed between the two men. Martin Luther King had a different upbringing to Malcolm X. He was from a middle class family, whose name was well established in Atlanta. He was a smart student, who skipped two grades before entering an Ivy League college at the age of 15. He was class valedictorian with an A average. His home environment was full of dreams and love, were they had strong values which showed a sense of self worth. Through the upbringing that he had, he adopted an ideology of how black and white people would live together as equals.

Middle

When he was realised, he met Elijah Mohammed for the first time in 1952. He became an Islamic minister and preached about 'black supremacy' and 'separatism between blacks and whites'. He thought that equality was impossible because whites had 'no moral conscious'. He blamed the white people for the terrible conditions that most of the black community had to live in. "The community where you live will get poorer and poorer and the community where you spend you money will get richer" He had wanted to live equally, but knew that the only way to do this was to live separately, putting the black people's money back into the black community. Martin Luther King made sure that the protests were peaceful. During the Montgomery Bus Boycotts, King made sure that there was no violence. It helped to make them seem less barbaric compared to the violence that the white people showed towards them. It helped to desegregate busses, something that would last, and was another step forward for civil rights.

Conclusion

He found out that the man he had looked up to and followed, Elijah Mohammed, had been committing adultery, which was against the religion that he preached. Malcolm was actually rejected from the Nation of Islam for having too much power. Malcolm then went and travelled and found that the Muslims were colour-blind towards one another. When he came back, therefore, he became less extreme and encouraged black people to vote and to join organisations that made them active in their community. He started his own religious establishment, the Muslim Mosque. He believed more with the tactics that King had been using all along through his recent experiences. Not everything that they wanted was different. They both wanted 'self-knowledge and respect for ones history and culture as the basis for unity' Martin Luther King and Malcolm X were two men, that went about getting their similar goals in different ways. Malcolm X was seen by most as an extremist, while King was a peacemaker. The were both so committed to making things better for black people, that they both died for their cause showing the extent to which they went to, to make the injustice right. 1 1

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