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Discuss the value of using history as a guide to contemporary affairs to predict the future and as a propaganda tool. According to the Greek philosopher Ephorus, he saw universal history as a struggle for world power.

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Introduction

T.O.K-ESSAY Discuss the value of using history as a guide to contemporary affairs to predict the future and as a propaganda tool According to the Greek philosopher Ephorus, he saw universal history as a struggle for world power. Today the value of history is mostly as a propaganda tool for current affairs but I would say that it couldn't be used to predict the future. History has been used for many reasons. One very important uses of history is to learn from our past mistakes but we some how forget that. World war one took place. We intended to learn from it then few years later World War 2 took place. We haven't found the proper use of history because I believe that we are looking at history from different views. It is said "history is what one generation finds of note in other" I have always believed that history cannot be proved to be right as most of the sources used and the people who write history, write it form their view and how the people being studied have effected them. ...read more.

Middle

All these, and many more, sources of information provide the evidence from which the historian deciphers historical facts. The relation between evidence and fact, however, is rarely simple and direct. History books in the past were written to impress Kings. The Greeks and Romans not only to show power but also to show all the good qualities in their political system so that the people would not revolt against the wars being fought continuously. And the Muslims Moghal emperors used it to show pride. It is very important to see the source of the history that we read today. Writers from different religions, cultures, and in today's case from different countries (nationalities) all have their own biases. I believe that the biases and prejudices that are present in history is due to a historians back ground and upbringing. But this does not mean that history is unknowable. Today when we look at history we find that biases are present due to past experiences of one generation from another. ...read more.

Conclusion

History is embedded in their culture. Royal families take great care about their family genealogy, which is by them, historical documents. The Christian settlers in Mindanao criticize the Moros for their constant harping on the historical past. These settlers are proud that they do not care about the past but instead look to the future. But according to philosophical hermeneutics, "history is not separated from the present. We are always simultaneously part of the past, in the present, and anticipating the future. In other words, the past operates on us now in the present, and affects our conception of what is yet to come. At the same time, our present notions of reality affect how we view the past." Moro leaders (Philippines Muslims) and intellectuals maintain that if the Philippine government truly wants to solve the so-called Moro Problem, it must exert an honest-to-goodness effort to understand the feelings, sentiments, biases, ideals, prejudices, customs, traditions and historical experience of the Bangsa Moro as enunciated or articulated by the Moros themselves. In conclusion history will always be used as a propaganda tool and to predict the future, but history will differ due to the difference in opinion of people from different backgrounds, cultures and religion. ...read more.

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