• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Divisions between Northern Irelands two main traditions.

Extracts from this document...


History Coursework Assignment 2 Question 1 All of the sources D to I show divisions between Northern Irelands two main traditions. Dating as far back as the 1641 rebellion in source G up until the civil rights marches in source I. Many historians have stated the belief that the roots of the troubles of 1969 can be traced mainly to the period 1880-1922. During this period the unionist and nationalist movements fully emerged as a force worryingly both sides let it be known they were ready to use violence to reach their goals. What resulted was the controversial partition in 1922. Northern Ireland was born. Sources E and G show the long term causes of Northern Irelands troubles. While sources D, F, H and I are more short term or immediate causes of the 1969 troubles. Source G dates back the longest to 1641. It is a protestant source from a school textbook. It shows fear and dislike towards Catholics. It is propaganda that will pass this fear and dislike on to a new generation of Protestant schoolchildren. ...read more.


While that of the south was mainly agricultural. Source not reliable as again drawn up from the Protestant perspective. Propaganda played on fears of Protestant working class who feared that under home rule Catholics would rule. It does have sufficient evidence alone to be seen as the cause of the troubles but relates to long-term causes of the troubles. Source I is a map of gerrymandering in 1966 Derry. The majority 70% of Derry was and yet it had a Unionist Dominated council. This was because the boundaries were withdrawn so that the majority of Catholics would be squeezed into the South-ward leaving way for Unionists to dominate the other two wards. This was because there was more Protestant than Catholic boundary commissioners as many Catholics refused. Only householders got a vote so this led to a situation were single Protestants were given a house before a Catholic family. This reinforces the Protestant fear and mistrust of Catholics. They believed Catholics were constantly trying to overthrow the Northern Ireland state. The council allocated 66% of houses to Protestants. Keeping the Catholic population politically quiet. However Nationalists did the same when given the chance in Newry. ...read more.


They were furious at civil rights marches taking place so close to their areas. They had an RUC escort but they just looked on as the marchers were stoned and beaten. Once again the reputation of the RUC and B-specials had taken another battering. Though no source is 100% accurate and this one is no different. It does not show that events such as this made Catholics isolated and feel that they needed a force of their own as their only form of protection. It was this that created an atmosphere of violence and a vulnerable Nationalist population. Which led to the re-emergence of the IRA as a dominant force in the 30 year long troubles from 1969. This was direct cause of the troubles, as Nationalists were not treated equally. All these sources together are very useful as they a background as to why the troubles began and lasted so long. This was mainly due to unionist fear and mistrust towards Catholics. Building an atmosphere of distrust and sectarianism. Which a minority in each community preached. Using such methods as propaganda to back their views up. Which passed on through generation to generation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    Many Nationalists felt extremely strongly about the happenings, and demonstrators burned down the British Embassy in Dublin on February 2nd 1972. Also in February, an official IRA bomb at the Aldershot HQ of the parachute regiment killed 3 civilians. These events showed how many Nationalists felt about Bloody Sunday.

  2. In this essay I am going to try and decide whether the cause of ...

    Protestants living in the newly formed Northern Ireland wanted this to happen, so they would not be ruled under a Catholic government. However, the Catholics wanted to see a united and independent Ireland - so resentment grew. Protestants in Ulster had a tendency to view all Northern Catholics as possible

  1. Is there sufficient evidence in Sources D to J to explain why the troubles ...

    Eventually, a Puritan majority in Parliament confronted the power of the Catholic king, and civil war ensued. At the same time, the Irish, weary of persecution and eviction from their lands, rose up against the English settlers, and began an ill fated rebellion against the English forces.

  2. Civil Rights in Northern Ireland Coursework

    There is the possibility that the photograph is unreliable as it could have been staged to generate sympathy for Catholics, and it does only show one house so it doesn't reflect the whole of the Catholic community in Londonderry - although it does appear to be genuine and realistic.

  1. How far are Unionist and Nationalist views in Northern Ireland the product of history ...

    The main Unionist organisations in Northern Ireland are the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). All of these Unionist organisations believe in the union with the UK, however there are different types of party.

  2. Is there sufficient evidence from sources D to J to explain why the troubles ...

    The riots, which came to be known as the 'Battle of the Bogside', continued for almost 3 days and saw over 1,000 people injured. The battle ended when, British troops were deployed into Derry. The British troops took revenge on people and their property; this helped to increase IRA support.

  1. Northern Ireland's conflict is a tangle of interrelated questions. What should be the essential ...

    Yet majorities in both groups tend to believe that government gives preferential treatment to the other group. The Historical Background Two general points about the historical origins of the conflict are worth making. The first is that the proximity of Britain and Ireland has guaranteed a long history of interaction and linkage.

  2. Northern Ireland Troubles Sources Questions

    Although this source may not be entirely accurate as it comes from a magazine, it would be difficult to fix the results of an official census. Source B says; "Unemployment is experienced at a much higher level by Roman Catholics than by Protestants" The three sources may vary in their

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work