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Divisions between Northern Irelands two main traditions.

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Introduction

History Coursework Assignment 2 Question 1 All of the sources D to I show divisions between Northern Irelands two main traditions. Dating as far back as the 1641 rebellion in source G up until the civil rights marches in source I. Many historians have stated the belief that the roots of the troubles of 1969 can be traced mainly to the period 1880-1922. During this period the unionist and nationalist movements fully emerged as a force worryingly both sides let it be known they were ready to use violence to reach their goals. What resulted was the controversial partition in 1922. Northern Ireland was born. Sources E and G show the long term causes of Northern Irelands troubles. While sources D, F, H and I are more short term or immediate causes of the 1969 troubles. Source G dates back the longest to 1641. It is a protestant source from a school textbook. It shows fear and dislike towards Catholics. It is propaganda that will pass this fear and dislike on to a new generation of Protestant schoolchildren. ...read more.

Middle

While that of the south was mainly agricultural. Source not reliable as again drawn up from the Protestant perspective. Propaganda played on fears of Protestant working class who feared that under home rule Catholics would rule. It does have sufficient evidence alone to be seen as the cause of the troubles but relates to long-term causes of the troubles. Source I is a map of gerrymandering in 1966 Derry. The majority 70% of Derry was and yet it had a Unionist Dominated council. This was because the boundaries were withdrawn so that the majority of Catholics would be squeezed into the South-ward leaving way for Unionists to dominate the other two wards. This was because there was more Protestant than Catholic boundary commissioners as many Catholics refused. Only householders got a vote so this led to a situation were single Protestants were given a house before a Catholic family. This reinforces the Protestant fear and mistrust of Catholics. They believed Catholics were constantly trying to overthrow the Northern Ireland state. The council allocated 66% of houses to Protestants. Keeping the Catholic population politically quiet. However Nationalists did the same when given the chance in Newry. ...read more.

Conclusion

They were furious at civil rights marches taking place so close to their areas. They had an RUC escort but they just looked on as the marchers were stoned and beaten. Once again the reputation of the RUC and B-specials had taken another battering. Though no source is 100% accurate and this one is no different. It does not show that events such as this made Catholics isolated and feel that they needed a force of their own as their only form of protection. It was this that created an atmosphere of violence and a vulnerable Nationalist population. Which led to the re-emergence of the IRA as a dominant force in the 30 year long troubles from 1969. This was direct cause of the troubles, as Nationalists were not treated equally. All these sources together are very useful as they a background as to why the troubles began and lasted so long. This was mainly due to unionist fear and mistrust towards Catholics. Building an atmosphere of distrust and sectarianism. Which a minority in each community preached. Using such methods as propaganda to back their views up. Which passed on through generation to generation. ...read more.

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