• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do the problems of 1919-1924 suggest that the Weimar Republic was doomed from the start?

Extracts from this document...


Do the problems of 1919-1924 suggest that the Weimar Republic was doomed from the start? Following the nation's defeat in WW1 and the Kaiser's abdication Germany was left in a state of disarray. A constitution was written up in the city of Weimar due to the instability in Berlin. It was the first attempt to establish a liberal democracy in Germany at a time of civil unrest and was being governed by the Socialist Democratic Part lead by Friedrich Ebert. The Weimar Republic was faced with pressing problems from the start and great change was needed to restore Germany to its previous strength. It did eventually fail by 1933 due to a number of reasons but it is debatable whether it was the initial problems of 1919-1924 that started the downward spiral of decline for the Republic. Economic problems were a major issue especially in the early days of the Weimar Republic and had long-term effects. The terms of Treaty of Versailles such as the reparations of �6600 million to the allies and heavy losses in industry as well as the large cost of the war tipped Germany into economic chaos. ...read more.


Their stance on reform rather than revolution or imperial rule meant that they polarised parties support for extreme left and right wing parties. The German nation was used to being ruled, rather than ruling itself. Democracy was a new concept within Germany and many people were wiling to look to the left and right wings for political leadership. Strength and image were considered more important than policy itself. The weakness of Ebert's government was further emphasised by fact that they signed the armistice that signalled the German's surrender, and this was seen as a 'stab in the back' to the army. After this they too signed the Treaty of Versailles that meant they had to accept that they were guilty of starting the war. More fundamentally however, the Weimar Constitution used the system of proportional representation which caused a proliferation of smaller parties and therefore weak coalition governments. Despite these problems, at the time Ebert's party had the greatest support and the far left and right groups were internally divided and therefore much weaker than they seemed. ...read more.


The early problems of the Weimar Republic did seem to have a lasting effect upon the attitudes of the German people and clearly had an impact on the eventual failure of the regime. I fail to deduce that the early economic problems were a factor in their failure as it recovered well and it was the later economic problems like the Great Depression that were major factors. Political stance and popular support had much to do with the downfall however. Having no tradition of a democratic government, signing the Treaty of Versailles and constitutional problems such as proportional representation meant that the Weimar Republic was given the image of a weak state, an image that lingered in the minds of people through till the last few days and errors of the regime. Their support also declined as threats from the right and left became ever more prevalent. Overall, I believe that certain aspects from the early problems between 1919-24 contributed to the failings of the government in 1933 but I don't believe it wasn't doomed to failure from its start. ?? ?? ?? ?? Anurag Sharma 11S ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What was the State of the Weimar Republic in 1924?

    Although the majority of the Republic's political opposition had been solved, by 1924 Adolf Hitler was only in jail for a short amount of time. A number of economic problems also troubled the Weimar Republic with the problem of the state paying the reparations as specified in the Treaty of Versailles.

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face between 1919 and 1923?

    The uprisings from the right posed a far greater problem to the Weimar Constitution than the communists. Nationalists believe in military greatness and therefore, they had the support of the army, because at this point the army were unemployed and were very angry at the Treaty of Versailles restrictions.

  1. Was the Weimar Republic Doomed From the Start? 1919-23

    The Freikorps were heavily armed and renowned for being violent and particularly nasty. It can be argued that this decision, along with the Ebert-Gr�ner military alliance, may have affected survival and could have facilitated in the failure of the Weimar Republic.

  2. Was The Weimar Republic Doomed to Fail?

    But the negative side was that the people lost faith in their government because it caused them a lot of pain. The Ruhr crises also could have contributed to the Republics down fall. The Germans tried to stall on their reparation payments, which annoyed the French.

  1. Was The Weimar Republic Doomed From The Start?

    Business men were fully aware of the economic problems Weimar brought about; they also disliked the fact that trade unions had power. The German historian Edgar Feucht Wanger had this view on the amount of support Weimar had 'To say that Weimar was a republic without republicans is perhaps an

  2. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic during 1918-1923.

    I will now describe the economical issues. It would've cost a lot of money for Germany to finance World War I. Germany had massive debts fro the Great War, so their economic stability was already going to suffer. The treaty of Versailles had huge implications on Germany's economy.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    The new government seemed unable to cope with the political challenges it faced, but its failure to deal with economic problems made the situation even worse. 3. Economic problems: Reparations; hyperinflation and the invasion of the Ruhr Comment C The invasion of the Ruhr caused further problems for the government,

  2. History Revision Notes. Key Topic 1: The Weimar Republic 1918-1933.

    Later in 1924,a new independent national bank the Reishbank was given control of this currency . The Dawes Plan. In April 1924, Stresemann agreed the Dawes plan. Charles G Darwin, an American banker had been asked to resolve Germans non- payment under his plan.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work