• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do these sources, and the site at Quarry Bank Mill, fully explain what working conditions were like for children in textile Mills, such as the one at Quarry Bank Mill, the sources and knowledge from your studies.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Do these sources, and the site at Quarry Bank Mill, fully explain what working conditions were like for children in textile Mills, such as the one at Quarry Bank Mill, the sources and knowledge from your studies. In this piece of coursework we are asked to compare the sources provided and make reasonable judgement about the reliability of the evidence in order to explain the working conditions for factory children in the 18th & 19th century. Children had always worked for their parents in the domestic system. By the 1820's & 1830's the controversy over "working conditions" had become a bitter debate involving MPs, newspapers, campaign groups and government inquiries. Employers would argue that the pauper apprentices system was offering a valuable service to the parishes. In the days of waterpower, Mills had to be placed in rural areas, where the mill would be isolated. From the mill owners' point of view there was often little alternative to pauper apprentices. It also made economic sense to employ children. Children were ideal, particularly in jobs such as cleaning up under machines or piecers. They were also very cheap to employ and low wages meant kept down the price of cotton, which was good for everyone. Firstly, I will examine all the sources provided. ...read more.

Middle

of the town for pauper children." She also describes the apprentice to the cotton masters as, "To the cotton master they (the apprentice children) were as much as his property." This clearly shows how appalling conditions were at that time. This source is very useful as it describes the conditions and many appalling conditions and shocking treatments of apprentices at that time. Dr.Gregg (Pauline Gregg) describes the factories as, "The factories themselves were generally dirty, unhealthy, ramshackle." This indeed is the total opposite from Frederick Engles extract. Frederick Engles in Source A describes Quarry Bank Mill as, "superb building... lofty airy rooms and healthy looking operatives." This shows a massive difference at Quarry Bank Mill compared to the awful conditions on other factories. Dr.Gregg describes the apprentice lodging as "long, low sheds." This clearly shows how factories (not including Quarry Bank Mill) were providing the apprentice housing. Dr.Gregg also states that the apprentices were, "free from outside supervision and regulation." This shows there was no supervision unlike Styal were there were super-intend-ants to look after the children and provide them with food. Dr.Gregg also empathises the point how apprentice were kept awake as, "suffered constant flogging." This shows how working conditions were and shows how harsh the employer was. Dr.Gregg also states about the punishment apprentices received, "punishment was hung by his wrists... legs up to avoid mutilation." ...read more.

Conclusion

It also indicates how the Children's Commission Report shows how they recorded data about child labour. This however, is the total opposite from Quarry Bank Mill. In Quarry Bank Mill, there was no physical assault done to harm the child in anyway. This source is reliable because it is a report from the Commission; however it be unreliable as it can be exaggerated. I also found another source adapted from modern History book. "Gardener and Bazley treated their workers with much kindness." This quote shows how the mill owners treated their workers. However, the source also indicates that it may not be reliable. It is from a modern history book and there is no indication that how it had collected the information. I can not comment its reliability because there is not any concrete evidence to back it up. Another factory I came across was Titus Salt. He inherited his father's company and took his place. Between 1801 and 1851 the population of Bradford grew from 13,000 to 104,000. With over 200 factory chimneys continually churning out black, sulphurous smoke, Bradford gained the reputation of being the most polluted town in England. Bradford's sewage was dumped into the River Beck. As people also obtained their drinking water from the river, this created serious health problems. There were regular outbreaks of cholera and typhoid, and life expectancy was just over eighteen years; one of the lowest in the country. YASIN PATEL ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Quarry Bank Mill - source related study.

    working conditions and good care standards, as the children are described as not looking as well when they first come as when they have been at the mill for a while. However, it deals only with three aspects of work in mills and only shows a small part of the interview.

  2. Why was the site for Quarry Bank Mill chosen by Samuel Greg?

    Greg was also in a partnership in a factory in Manchester and had experience how a factory worked so that he could be successful as he looked for his own innovation. Greg's first choice for a mill was probably Manchester but land was difficult to obtain and when it did

  1. Quarry Bank Mill

    John Doherty had previously been imprisoned for organizing pickets as a result of the actions of a former partner Samuel Greg. Both sources give an account of the incident involving Ester Price. Both sources discuss her leaving Quarry Bank Mill but Robert Hyde Greg talks about the fact that Ester

  2. The New Poor Law Of 1834 Coursework Assignments - Study Source P; use the ...

    Although Source E does support Source P very well it is a biased piece of information. Richard Oastler was a well known humanitarian; he had previously campaigned for the 10 1/2 hour movement in the factories. Source F and G are basically the same, they tell of how the Poor

  1. Why was Quarry Bank mill built in Styal? At the time when Greg was ...

    The river Bollin flows through Styal. In the days when Greg was building his mill water and wind were the only power supplies feasible. He said, "No power known for driving mills but wind and water." This meant that he would need a piece of land near to a fast flowing river.

  2. Using sources, who or what was most responsible for the ending of Apartheid?

    The source is written by a historian, and therefore Tony Howarth ? the author of the history textbook ?The World Since 1900 ? would be erudite in the Apartheid era. He would also have conducted extensive research into the time period in order to corroborate his knowledge.

  1. Life In The Trenches - research and evaluation of the sources

    This source is quite typical of soldiers as well, because after doing some thorough research, I found that both sides of the war dug trenches, which means the source is quite typical. The only people it does not represent are the people higher up than the soldiers (the doctors, generals, pilots etc.)

  2. What was life like in the trenches?

    But in the trenches the dead are lying all around you. You could be talking to the fellow next to you when suddenly he'd be hit by a sniper and fall dead beside you. And there he's stay for days.? Arthur Savage Food: Food for soldiers in the trenches during World War one was at times considered a luxury.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work