• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9

Do these sources give similar or different impressions of Stalin? Explain your answer with references to the sources.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Study sources A, B and C. Do these sources give similar or different impressions of Stalin? Explain your answer with references to the sources. These three sources are very different but they do have some similarities in the impressions they give of Stalin. Source A is a cartoon published in Paris in the 1930's, it pictures Stalin showing three pyramids of skulls as if he was a tour guide and the results of his policies as if they were a tourist attraction. The cartoon is comparing piles of skulls of Stalin's pyramids to one of the seven wonders. An anti-Stalinist in exile could have drawn the cartoon so it is probably supposed to be against Stalin and his policies. This source clearly gives a negative view of Stalin. Source B also pictures Stalin, but this time it gives a very good impression of Stalin. The source shows Stalin standing with workers at a newly opened hydroelectric power station in the 1930's. They all seem very proud and happy. This source is an official soviet painting, therefore likely to be biased, and used for propaganda by the government. This source is clearly trying to show the good results of industrialization, but it pictures Stalin meeting workers when he hardly left the Kremlin. Source C is a photo of Stalin meeting the wives of army officers. The women seem desperate to touch Stalin who is smiling happily at them. The authenticity of this source is questionable as there is no author or date attached to it. During the purges Stalin killed leading army officers therefore it is likely that this photograph was either taken before the purges or doctored. This source is not very reliable but it does give a good impression of Stalin. The sources show different views of Stalin but source A describes Stalin as a monster responsible for the deaths of millions of Russians. ...read more.

Middle

Using my own knowledge of Stalin, I would agree with Khrushchev's view in source G, and partly with source H. I would say that Stalin was far too distrustful, suspicious and paranoid. However, there are many more negative points about Stalin that Khrushchev did not mention in his speech. This was either because he didn't want to disrespect the former leader, due to his high position within the party, or because he may have agreed with some of Stalin's earlier actions for the defence of the principles of communism, which I suspect. In conclusion, I see these two sources as trustworthy and I could relate them to the character of Stalin that I know of. However we must not forget that there are many more characteristics about Stalin that Khrushchev did not mention, especially negative ones. Despite this, these assessments of Stalin are quite accurate in what they say but, indeed, they leave many things to be said about this man's character. 5. Study sources I and J. How far do these two sources agree about Stalin's 'show trials'? Explain your answer. Source I has been published in America under the theme of Stalin's show trials. Source J has been published in France in the late 1930's also under the same theme. In source I, we can see a courtroom where Stalin stands as the judge and the accused seem drunk or somehow drugged as they are all confessing openly in a sarcastic manner like: "OF COURSE, I'M A TRAITOR!" or "YES, I?M GUILTY". The accused admit to these crimes smiling and happier than ever, they seem to joking about their guilt. The cartoon is used to show the absurdity of the confessions as they confess so openly. They should try to at least defend themselves. The source shows that the men were somehow forced into confessing. In the background of the cartoon, there are some gallows already prepared, therefore it means that the trial was pointless as the outcome had already been decided. ...read more.

Conclusion

The disagreement comes mainly because both of these views are true, Stalin killed millions of people but he also improved the USSR as an industrial country. But what causes even more disagreement is Stalin's true character. There are still various opinions about Stalin and I think that the lack of reliable sources is one of its main causes. The sources in this paper are a very good example of it as they give different views about Stalin, but none of them is sufficiently trustworthy so that one could base his opinion about Stalin on it. Stalin will always be a figure in history that causes conflicting opinions. He was a very complex character. As we can see from the sources in this paper there are various opinions about Stalin, he was either a great politician, an evil monster or he was corrupted by absolute power as he was an insecure human being. All three of them can be said to be correct, I don't think there is any right answer about this man's character. It is a fact that Stalin killed millions of people but it is also a fact that he improved the USSR in many ways. This is what confuses many historians and the lack of reliability in the few sources from that time makes it very difficult to get a trustworthy right-answer about Stalin's character. Stalin killed millions of people, especially those who opposed his political views or that posed a threat to him. However, some people believe that without the Purges Stalin could have never led Russia to become as powerful as it did. These days, when people call out the name "Stalin" it brings to mind brutal terrorism and ruthless oppression. But we cannot forget that through these extreme hard measures, Stalin improved Russia both industrially and technically. No one will ever know the real truth about this man, the sources don't allow it neither the real facts. TOMAS SAMPAIO PAGE 4 STALIN: MAN OR MONSTER? Q. 4 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    its own public, 'bourgeois experts' were crushed as they were reminders of the 'old system'. A new Socialist community was created due to the introduction of Collectivisation, rapid Industrialisation and other new rules and systems which was laid down by the Five Year Plans.

  2. How did the rule of Stalin affect the Soviet Union?

    persistently so as to become an educated and cultured citizen and to be of the greatest possible service to this country'. Now children were able to pay fees for advanced secondary education. Lots of children were influenced to join the communist party youth movements, children aged 8-11 joined the Young

  1. Stalin Man or Monster

    It thanks Stalin for everything that he has done and will continue doing for the Russian people. In this source we see many points where Stalin is praised. Source F is taken from a speech by Bukharin, which took place in Paris in 1936.

  2. The Policies of Joseph Stalin 1928 1953

    People, who spoke about Stalin negatively, in public were threatened with death and sometimes killed. "Without terror, who would have failed to notice the clear absurdity of Stalin's rule?" His opponents "mysteriously" died; such as Sergei Kirov. Although his murder was planted on Leonid Nikolayev, it foreshadowed the extreme policies Stalin launched.

  1. These three sources do not all give the same impression of Stalin. Source A ...

    The women are smiling and look happy. These women are the wives of officers. They could be thanking him for making jobs for their husbands (army work). This is propaganda is good for Stalin. It gives an idea that the public love him and are looking up to him.

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    propaganda posters that he had got the Soviet Union to publish as well as the campaigns in cinema, radio and newspapers to portray his personal grandeur in the industrialisation development of Russia. Most famously, a poster which shows Stalin marching alongside the miners of the Moscow underground which in a

  1. Why Did Stalin Use Terror and Purges in Such a Comprehensive Way during the ...

    From February 1937 Stalin's government began to destroy the 'middle level apparat by the rank and file activists'. This presented an opportunity to hold local Party leaders responsible for all social and economic failures. It was also an opportunity for ordinary Party members to give release to envy and seek promotion by destroying rivals.

  2. Stalin was able to strengthen his dictatorship in the 1930s was mainly through a ...

    And in the next few months many thousands of army officers also shared the same fate. The purges were the most important factor that allowed Stalin to strengthen his dictatorship as Stalin was now able to create a nation which was composed of men and women who were totally loyal

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work