• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping Blacks gain more Civil Rights in the 1960s? Explain your answer

Extracts from this document...


Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping Blacks gain more Civil Rights in the 1960s? Explain your answer The Civil Rights bill was brought before Congress in 1963 and in a speech on television on 11th June, Kennedy pointed out that: "The Negro baby born in America today, regardless of the section of the nation in which he is born, has about one-half as much chance of completing high school as a white baby born in the same place on the same day; one third as much chance of completing college; one third as much chance of becoming a professional man; twice as much chance of becoming unemployed; about one-seventh as much chance of earning $10,000 a year; a life expectancy which is seven years shorter; and the prospects of earning only half as much." Congress was still debating Kennedy's Civil Rights bill when he was assassinated in November 1963. When Lyndon Baines Johnson became president he took over from Kennedy over the Civil Rights Act but he had a poor record on the civil rights issues. Using his considerable influence in Congress, Johnson was able to get the legislation passed. The 1964 Civil Rights Act made racial discrimination in public places, such as theaters, restaurants and hotels, illegal. ...read more.


He was so angry that several civil rights leaders and the Catholic Archbishop participating in the event constrained Lewis into moderating his speech. King wrote a numerous of books including Stride Toward Freedom in 1958. The book described what happened at Montgomery and explained King's views on non-violence and direct action. Stride Toward Freedom was to have a considerable influence on the civil rights movement. This book influenced a small group of black students who read the book and decided to take action themselves these people started the first ever sit-in and followed the teachings of King. When groups of black and/or white protestors began to act peacefully they were attacked by; Police, Fire crew and the general public who were passing. King realized that this would be in the papers and on TV. He began to use the media to get more supporters to gain civil rights. Once some of the public saw how hoses were being used on the protestors and how they were beaten, abused and generally spat at they too began to support the Civil Rights movement. The more King used the media the more support he gained; many supporters were arrested, injured or murdered due to their colour and background of their ancestors. King was/ is the most well known freedom rights supporter/leader but was not the only one who helped gain the Civil Rights Act. ...read more.


Though there were many different Civil Rights Groups involved with the movement they all supported different views on how and why the Civil Rights Act should have been passed, but they all believed that black Americans deserved the equality they had wanted for so long. Desegregation of schools, cafes, restaurants and buses were achieved through protesting and long campaigns but it was just the foundations of the Civil Right Movement that was about to come. State laws were passed, Federal Laws were also passes and bothe the Civil Rights Act, in 1964, and the Voting Rights Act a year later. Martin Luther King worked hard with many people to gain the Civil Rights they deserved, he was disliked by much of the law forces and the public, he was also adores and respected for both his perserverance and bravery. One man alone can not be heard but a groups voice is greater. And with the greater voice they were able to speak against discrimination and achieve their awards. King is seen as one of the greatest men of all time but if investigated and looked into other leaders and protestors arise. I do not believe King was the most important factor of the Civil Rights Movement just one man part of a great effort. All the leaders believed in something different and all men and woman worked towards their goals, to achieve the one main thing they all wanted, equality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Martin Luther King Jr.

    Unlike most King succeeded in education, in 1948 King graduated from Morehouse College in Atlanta, Ga. with a B.A., after coursework at New England colleges, King finishes his Ph. D. in systematic theology in 1955. A fact here worth bearing in mind is that King completed his Ph.

  2. Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping ...

    When vicious dogs attacked young black children in the streets of Birmingham and it was broadcast on national television, American citizens and even homes across the world were racism against blacks was not a major problem, could really see how cruel this was against the black people and that it had to stop.

  1. Malcolm X and Martin Luther King: Compared and Contrasted.

    whites in front of a statue of a president who has been dead a hundred years and who didn't like us when he was alive." (Source 2) Martin Luther King drew heavily upon Ghandi's ideas of non violence in his fight for civil rights as shown when he said "I

  2. How successful was the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s

    Martin Luther King delivers his famous "I Have a Dream Speech."- Successful. President John F. Kennedy denounces segregation in the strongest statement ever by a U.S. president. -Not Successful 1964-Congress passes the civil rights act of 1964 banning discrimination in public accommodations.

  1. Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping ...

    There was a big change in the south when most of the southern states enforced the 'Jim Crow' laws, setting up a system of segregation. These laws meant that everyday facilities were segregated to ensure that whites and blacks did not mix. This system of segregation was enforced by cruelty.

  2. What was the contribution of Martin Luther King to the civil rights movement?

    The bus company, however, were partly motivated into making the decision by the fact that the black people made up 75% of their business and it would have almost certainly meant closure for the company if they had not given in to King and co.

  1. Why did a campaign for civil rights emerge in the 1950s? The civil rights ...

    their historic state of political influence' (Heale, 2004, p.157), but also allowed them to gain a new, albeit low, level of economic independence as a result of various welfare schemes. Whilst it is perhaps true that the myriad of schemes under the New Deal did not necessarily go out of

  2. The importance of Lyndon Johnson in bringing about Civil Rights.

    As blacks were poorer than whites, they made up the majority of bus users, and the boycott struck a huge blow at the transport system. Eventually the bus companies started to look for help. Almost a year after the start of the boycott, segregation on buses was made illegal by the Supreme Court.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work