• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping the Blacks gain more civil rights in the 1960's? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping the Blacks gain more civil rights in the 1960's? Explain your answer. Martin Luther King originated from Southern America in which conditions were sufficient, but substandard to the conditions in which the whites lived in. He was one of the few blacks to achieve a degree therefore was a well-educated man. In 1948 he graduated from Morehouse College in Atlanta with a B.A, after receiving his bachelor degree he attended Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester winning the Plafker award as the outstanding student at the graduating class. In 1865, after the American Civil War black people were no longer slaves but were treated inferior to whites. Blacks had remained second-rate and were given the worst salaried jobs these were amateurish jobs on farms and in factories. They were allowed same facilities as whites but had to be separate, this did not mean equal. Nearly all the time the amenities for the whites were more enhanced; in schools they had fewer books and bigger classes than in the whites schools. The Jim Crow laws in the southern States made blacks separate but not equal. It was difficult for the blacks to elect other blacks into public offices this was because: you have to register to vote in the United States, and the southern states stopped blacks from registering in various ways; poll taxes were made obligatory on those who ...read more.

Middle

In 1957, Black ministers formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and King was named the first president, giving blacks a leader however he was not the only black leader; Malcolm X was also a civil rights leader. The two differed greatly but reached the same point. King believed in non-violent protests influenced by Mahatma Ghandi however these campaigns led to more white violence e.g. four black children were shot by whites whilst attending Sunday School. The next campaign organised by Martin Luther King was the Birmingham campaign in 1963. Along with other black leaders Martin Luther King organised a new campaign to desegregate Birmingham in Alabama. This was one of the worst states for discrimination of the blacks. At least 30, 000 people were involved in the Birmingham campaign, including students and schoolchildren. On Good Friday King was arrested whilst leading the march through the centre of Birmingham. Many others involved in the marches were imprisoned and the jails of Birmingham were full. King organised the people and the campaigns, he chose the place to protest where he knew the chief police would react violently and notified the world press (TV and newspaper industry). He began to use the media to get more supporters to gain more civil rights, the more King used the media the more support he gained. This showed USA to be hypocrites at a time of the Cold War when the USA were said to be leaders of the free world but a joke to the blacks. ...read more.

Conclusion

Being a Christian he preached love for your enemy and the need for no violence in life. He never gave up when he received death threats and when his house was bombed, he put himself in danger proving to be a true leader. He was a symbol of hope and was respected. He made 208 speeches travelling 1,250,000 kilometres campaigning for black rights. His campaigns and speeches changed the hearts of white Americans towards black Americans. He was awarded the Nobel Prize as the world saw the way he changed the attitudes to whites through his love and character. He was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom; the Federal Government acknowledged his efforts of being the most important factor in contributing to gain more black civil rights. In 1973 a blacks was elected as Mayor of Los Angeles where only one in eights is black he pointed out that if it had not been for King there might have been a bloodbath in parts of America in the 1960's. Another man remarked: " A man with a conscience of his generation" Shaming America into the passing of civil rights for all Black people, through his gift of oratory; his great organizational skills which he used into inspiring others into accepting his message, his vision of freedom for all. He was the uncrowned leader of the Civil Rights Movement. He was an admiration, inspiration, elegance and father of four who motivated others for a just cause. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping ...

    4 star(s)

    The huge numbers he got through to added great momentum to the civil rights movement. In 1963, Martin Luther King was arrested and wrote a letter from his jail in Alabama which became one of the greatest symbols of the civil rights movement.

  2. The Ku Klux Klan

    Italians carried a bad reputation around with them because of the Mafia and gangsters such as: Al Capone. Al Capone imported and sold alcohol illegally as it was against the law in America in the 1920's. All the problems in USA were blamed on the immigrants coming to live there.

  1. Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping ...

    A bus boycott had been carried out before but had failed due to lack of support but as MLK managed to gain a lot of support from the public it had succeeded this time. MLK's encouragement of non violent protests, taken from Mahatma Gandhi who had encouraged non-violence and succeeded

  2. Malcolm X and Martin Luther King: Compared and Contrasted.

    At the end of the meeting, Rev. Gardner Taylor, pastor of the church, asked for the collection, which "was taken up in waste baskets, cake boxes, cartons, cooking utensils, and other containers," yielding more than $4,000 for the Montgomery Improvement Association.

  1. Why did a campaign for civil rights emerge in the 1950s? The civil rights ...

    In an attempt to divert this concern many mainstream civil rights groups were often forced into siding with forces of repression during these McCarthy years. For example, in 1948 CORE decided to pass an anti communist resolution, and then in 1950 the NAACP launched its own internal investigations to purge the party of any communist presence.

  2. Civil Rights-Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in ...

    Blacks returned to the buses on December 21, 1956, over a year after the boycott began. Although the gains of the Montgomery Bus Boycott were small compared with the gains blacks would later win, the boycott was important start to the movement.

  1. What happened at Sharpeville on 21 March 1960? Massacre or self defence?

    Countries such as Britain imposed sanctions on South Africa to try to make them stop using the system and in the end South Africa were expelled from the Commonwealth because they kept using the apartheid system. Sources from inside the South African government would want to show the outside world

  2. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

    Using his influence in Congress, Johnson was able to get the legislation passed. The 1964 Civil Rights Act made racial discrimination in public places, such as theatres, restaurants and hotels, illegal. It also required employers to provide equal employment opportunities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work