• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do you agree that Martin Luther king was the most important factor in the helping blacks gain more Civil Rights in the 1960's? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Do you agree that Martin Luther king was the most important factor in the helping blacks gain more Civil Rights in the 1960's? Explain your answer. In the 1950s and 60s blacks were considered as second-class citizens of the US, this was evident as they were totally ignored by the rest of America. Even though slavery was abolished years before but many Southern white Americans had not blacked out the thought. The Americans themselves had just come out of a very deadly war, which was fought to defeat racially prejudiced leaders such as Hitler who believed in a superior race; but still in America the cause they fought for was still lurking in their homeland. Blacks had also fought in the war and felt content that when they return home life would change for the better, but that wasn't quite the case when they returned. The minds of whites had not changed even after the fact that blacks had contributed to the war as well as the whites and, this feeling was transparently displayed by the whites situated in southern states; apart from having very menial jobs, segregation had also become a big part of their existence. Whites had separate restaurants, waiting rooms, laundrettes and drinking fountains. The subject that highlighted segregation was the case of Southern schools being segregated, which caused the blacks to be deprived of their equal educational rights; giving the whites a better chance of succeeding in society. ...read more.

Middle

In the manifesto they brought across the issue of sending telegrams to federal officials and called upon white southerners to "realize that the treatment of Negroes is a basic spiritual problem...far too many have silently stood by." They also encouraged black citizens to seek justice and reject all injustice, and to also dedicate himself or herself to the principle of non-violence. SCLC was very different in comparison to organizations such as: Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP), rather than seeking individual membership, they coordinated activities carried out by organisations such as Montgomery Improvement Association(MIA) and SCLC movements. SCLC trained local communities about the philosophy of Christian non-violence, opened citizen schools, and registered voters. SCLC wanted to keep the struggle for civil rights within the lines of principled terms. Through the 1960s under the influence of King's leadership, SCLC involved themselves in sit-ins, voter registrations, mass demonstrations, Freedom rides and antipoverty programs. In November 1961 King learnt a great lesson when a demonstration in Albany, Georgia, known as the Albany Movement proved unsuccessful. As the protests and arrests did not gain the national attention King wanted and only a few changes made. Two years later King joined forces with Shuttlesworth and the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR). Together they organized mass protest campaigns in Birmingham. King considered the Birmingham demonstration as successful due to many adjustments being made. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 23 April forty-six people had died, 2,600 were injured, and more than 21,000 people were arrested. Militant black leaders took their chance and encouraged retaliation. "Black Power" promoter Carmichael advocated a violent struggle, as NAACP Executive Director Roy Wilkins countered that King would have been "outraged" by the disorders and that "millions of Negroes in this country" were opposed to the violence. Wilkins then announced a nationwide campaign against racial violence emphasizing jobs for the unemployed and better community relations. King was buried on the 9th April in Atlanta, thousands attended his funeral and it was broadcasted nationwide. In conclusion to this essay I refer back to the question given, do you agree that Martin Luther king was the most important factor in the helping blacks gain more Civil Rights in the 1960's? I agree to the question above as King's influence and aptitude gave blacks the rights they retain today, without the determination and desperation of this one man things would have changed as time slowly passed, or maybe never changed. King could be considered to have changed the face of America. King also proved to learn from little mistakes and bring about great change, he shrewdly used the media to gain stronger supporters as the treatment of blacks were portrayed for viewers. Although King knew that his enemies grew by the minute he still stood strong for his black people, and kept a cool head. His speech's such as the one in Washington, he seemed to attack the conscience of white citizens and kept up the theme of `ideal America`, could be compared to patriotism. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Political Philosophy of Dr. Martin Luther King and Malcolm X - a comparison.

    The Media hadn�t recognized the change of Malcolm, they still blamed him for the burst of violence during the summer of 1964, sticking to the Ideals of the of the old, radical and incalculable, Malcolm X. During a speech in NY City on Dec.12 in 1964, he made his new

  2. How successful was the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s

    Public opinion in the USA was going even further towards racial equality. Martin Luther King's reputation was at its height. However things weren't perfect, there were signs of tension and potential division in the movement that were to become increasingly clear in the next three years.

  1. Blacks were substantially better off in 1877 than they had been in 1863.' How ...

    This meant that even though all that money and effort went into education, progression was moving very, very slowly. As well as progressing Blacks socially, the Freedman's Bureau helped progress them economically as well. It rationed out abandoned and after the Civil War accordingly and tried as best it could

  2. Civil Rights-Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in ...

    In the same year, ministers from the MIA joined other ministers from around the South in Atlanta, Georgia. They founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and elected Martin Luther King, Jr., as president. The SCLC would work in various areas of the South for many years, continuing the non-violent

  1. What happened at Sharpeville on 21 March 1960? Massacre or self defence?

    6. 'The demonstrators were controlled and unarmed. The police opened fire on the crowd and continued to shoot as they turned and ran in fear. It was a massacre'.

  2. Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping ...

    in changing the British rule in India, was key to the civil movement's success as this was admired by the public. Whenever MLK was attacked or put under pressure he would react in a civilised way to show a good example.

  1. Why did a campaign for civil rights emerge in the 1950s? The civil rights ...

    Arguably, it was this boycott which provided a decisive shift in the power equation between whites and blacks. Indeed Morris argues that the adoption of non-violent direct action 'robbed the white power structure of its ability to openly crush the civil rights movement by violent means' (Morris, 1999, p.517)

  2. The importance of Lyndon Johnson in bringing about Civil Rights.

    president, instead making the evacuation of American troops from Vietnam his number one priority. Nixon did, however, strengthen some of the laws his predecessors had put in place. Nixon dismantled the dual-school system, which for a long time had been a symbol of racial inequality.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work