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Do you agree with the view that the main cause of the collapse of Tsarist Rule was that the Tsar's supporters lost faith in th

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Introduction

Do you agree with the view that the main cause of the collapse of Tsarist Rule was that the Tsar's supporters lost faith in the regime? (24 marks) The tercentenary of the Romanov dynasty was celebrated in 1913, the Royal family travelled throughout Russia in order to gain support. Figes believes this anniversary was manipulated in order to increase support for an ever increasingly unpopular dynasty. The discontent for the Tsarist system was widespread and is undoubtable that the pillars that had once held up the autocratic system were weakening. Historians however have different believes over the influence that these unstable pillars had on the Muscovite Tsar, with many viewing the peasantry and proletariat more influential in bringing about the downfall of the regime rather than the army and aristocracy. The report from the Okhrana, which describes the situation in and around Petrograd, describes the "bitterness of feeling among wide sections of the population" in former St. Petersburg. The source, similarly to source five acknowledges the "unbelievable burdens of war." The Russian Army was huge, with over a million in conscripts in 1826, the 25 year service was a great dread for most Russians with fierce discipline imposed on soldiers. ...read more.

Middle

Which there western European counterparts were already enjoying and had been for centuries. Source five states that: "The immediate factor that led to the collapse of the regime was...a failure of the Tsar's own supporters to carry on propping up a regime in which they had increasingly lost faith." This statement summarises the views and actions of the groups in Russia who withdrew their support for the regime. However it can be argued that the withdrawal of support by former pillars of the regime was not the only or the most influential reason for the collapse of the Romanov dynasty. The Orthodox Christian faith, dominated the lives of Russian people since the age of the Tsar's. The faith was extremely important in holding the autocratic system together, it advocated the Tsar was not just a King who ruled with divine right as in western Europe, instead that the monarch was in fact "God on Earth. The faith had great political importance as it allowed the Tsar to punish those who opposed him with God's law. However in the late 19th Century divisions emerged within the church between liberal and conservatives, meaning the churches influence, unity and most importantly power within Russia was weakened and ...read more.

Conclusion

The fourth Duma, which became increasingly out spoken is also an important factor in the collapse of the dynasty. The assembly voiced great concerns about the running of the country, which is implied in source 4: "complaints are openly voiced about the corrupt government." Alexander Kerensky who called for the Tsar's abdication, which doubted for the first time in Russia doubted the idea that the Tsar was "God on Earth", made the most famous of these grievances. A call for the dissolution of the Duma was made however around ten of the members of the body defied the constitution and refused to step down showing the open opposition that was beginning to emerge towards the ever crumbling regime. In conclusion although the Tsar's supporters did desert the regime in its hour of need it can be argued that the actions of the aristocracy, army and the middle class were a reaction to the immense power that the proletariat were voicing. It can be argued that although the groups who supported the Tsar had grievances they were only prepared to act upon them due to the openly rebellious attitude of the proletariat whom along with the Duma first openly threatened the regime set the ball of the revolution in motion. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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