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Do you agree with the view that the main consequence of the prohibition was to stimulate organized crime

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Do you agree with the view that the main consequence of the prohibition was to stimulate organized crime? On the midnight of 28th October 1919, importing, exporting, transporting, selling and manufacturing of intoxicating liquor came to a halt in America. Possessing substances above the 0.5% alcohol limit was illegal. This was Prohibition. This Eighteenth Amendment was meant to have reduced the consumption level, consequently to have reduced death rates, poverty and principally crime, in the USA. Yet this had quite the opposite effect. The .Act led to even more damage, death and destruction. Many would believe Prohibition was the source of explosive growth of organized crime, as a result the amount of alcohol consumption dramatically increased. The Federal Prohibition Bureau was organised to enforce the Act, yet it was ineffective- as the illegal liquor business was operated ...read more.


However these incidents would seem minor when compared to the powerful gang related crime. Prohibition encouraged Gangsterism. Chicago became the capital of swindlers, followed by many other cities located in the urban north. The swindlers, also known as bootleggers set up 100,000's of illegal 'speakeasies' in Chicago alone and worked along the lines of "intimidation, blackmail", bribery and homicide. These businesses, often hidden in basements, office buildings, and anywhere that could be found became straightforward for customers to lay hands on hard liquor. On the other hand, the Bootleggers smuggled liquor from oversees and Canada, stole it from government warehouses, and produced their own. The bootlegging business had become so extensive that the laws were flagrantly violated by gangsters, commoners and even sly government officials who had formed "corrupt alliances" with the mobsters, hence making it impossible to prevent immense quantities of liquor from entering the country. ...read more.


Statistics showed the drop in alcohol related deaths before prohibition quickly rose during prohibition, while arrests for alcohol related crime and misuse of illegal substances increased by 51%. Many would believe organized crime was the main consequence of Prohibition and would avow that organized crime grew into an empire. The problems prohibition intended to solve, such as crime, grew worse and have never returned to their pre-prohibition levels. "The worst consequence of Prohibition was to stimulate organised crime" (source 5). Not only was prohibition ineffective, it was also damaging to the people and society it was meant to help. Prohibition did not achieve its goals, Even though 'consuming alcohol declined in the country as a whole' (source 5), the disturbing factor of crime rose radically, and added fuel to fire for gang warfare, bootlegging and organised crime. ...read more.

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