• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do you agree with the view that until the end of January 1933 it was by no means certain that Hitler would come to power?

Extracts from this document...


Do you agree with the view that until the end of January 1933 it was by no means certain that Hitler would come to power? That Hitler should have found himself in a situation whereby he was even considered for the position of Chancellor in January 1933 must of course be in part accredited to his leadership skills and manipulative abilities which were evident from his earliest entrance into politics when invited to join the German Workers' Party in 1919. Many are of the opinion that he rose to power by means of political genius. However, his personal appeal and struggle for leadership from this time did not deem his being appointed Chancellor an inevitability; similarly nor did any one exclusive event preceding his appointment. Instead, we must consider the long term factors and circumstances which led to Hitler's coming to power including the weak democratic government of the Weimar Republic and Germany's social and economic scene in the 1930s that made the people restless and ready to follow another dictator, suppression of what little opposition existed through the legalisation of the SA and political intrigue. To argue that until January 1933 it was by no means certain that Hitler would come to power is a recognition of his having expended fourteen years in politics before such a breakthrough, and ...read more.


Despite the above noted change of tactics employed by Hitler, the NSDAP were often unable to take full advantage of the weak government they opposed which consisted of ever changing, unworkable coalitions. This was clear from the unstable support they received in elections, with votes rising from 2.6% in May 1928 to 37.3% in July 1932 followed by a decline to 31.1% in November 1932. Hitler also failed to win a majority vote when standing in the 1932 Presidential election against Hindenburg. There seemed no signs of certainty that he would come to power at this time, a mere nine months away from his eventual appointment. Kershaw refers to the 'adulation of a third of the population for Hitler' this of course in turn, identifies the two thirds of German people who did not support the future dictator. When analysing the situation in Germany between 1924 and 1928, referred to as the 'golden age', it could almost seem unthinkable that only four years later the country would be under the tyranny rule of Hitler. Germany saw economic recovery and political stability and even an acceptance and tolerance from ex-enemy powers. The most crucial factors behind this recovery lay with Gustav Stresemann and intervention from America. ...read more.


Of course the context of Source 4 must be noted in that Meissner's statement was made to the Nuremburg Tribunal after the Second World War, it is quite possible his loyalties may have still lay with Hindenburg and as such his intentions may have been an attempt to alleviate blame attributed with the President's appointment of Hitler as Chancellor. In conclusion, I strongly concur with the view that it was not certain Hitler would come to power until his eventual appointment in January 1933. There were of course many and varied reasons why the German people were not supporting their current government, but it was apparent that they voted for extremism often as much as a result of apathy as desperation and despite Germany suffering enormous social and economical devastation, Hitler and the NSDAP never drew the majority support they required to be voted into government. Hitler's appointment came as a result of Papen's persuasions and even he did not support the future dictator but believed the position of Chancellor would restrain Hitler and his party and used it as an opportunity to seek revenge against Schleicher. A success which was ironically born out of the dislike for his political motives and objectives and based on a decision made by those who were largely attempting to protect themselves is difficult to view as one which was foreseeable from the outset. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why did the Nazis come to power?

    The Nazis provided scapegoats offered a way out for the people such as the communists, Jews and other minority groups. These offered the people with a way out. The main scapegoats targeted by the Nazis were the Jews. The Nazis were very anti-Semitic.

  2. How significant was Nazi Propaganda in maintaining Hitler in power in the years ...

    Even under these circumstances propaganda was able to persuade the majority of the public that war was unavoidable and that it had been forced on the Government (Welch, Nazi Propaganda, 1983, p.186). When considering propaganda in terms of exploiting foreign policy successes one cannot ignore the fact that whilst propaganda

  1. why did hitler come to power

    German currency was dead, all businesses were going bust. These extreme economic problems made the German people turn to Hitler. The communists and the socialists did not join together which may have not allowed Hitler to come to power. The country needed a government as the previous governments had all failed in succeeding.

  2. Weimar, 1924 - 1929

    This completed the work begun by Dawes, and a plan was signed in Paris in June. Its main effects were on German politics, not economics. Alfred Hugenberg, leader of the DNVP, controlled the ALA publicity firm (with a monopoly over all German advertising); the Scherl publishing firm; the UFA (Universum Film Aktiengesellschaft)

  1. To what extent was the backstairs intrigue responsible for Hitler being able to take ...

    After World War I, Germany lay defeated, humiliated by the Treaty of Versailles, its industrial regions occupied by foreign powers, saddled with enormous war reparations, and with no military to defend itself. Yet throughout the 1920s, Hitler could not exploit these setbacks to achieve political power.

  2. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    the Nazis support would have been limited in growth, as people would have not had much knowledge of the party. A huge mistake by the Weimar Republic was their failure to realise the true extent of the threat of Nazism.

  1. Why did the Nazis come to power in Germany in 1933?

    He also realized that he had to gain the popularity of the army and business community.

  2. Why did Hitler come to power in 1933?

    He also used his short period in Landsberg jail in 1923 to promote the Nazi Party further by writing Mein Kampf (My Struggle), a book in which he developed his ideas of National Socialism, Racism, Lebensraum and that there should be a strong government in Germany with complete obedience to him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work