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Does sources A to F suggest that Israels desire to establish a homeland in Palestine led to conflict in the Middle East?

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Introduction

Since USA and Great Britain got interested about the conflict in Palestine, it has become more harsh and cruel for both sides. Palestine by making different agreements, declarations and mandates like British Mandate for Palestine or Belfour declaration but none of these had lasted for a long time. Although most of them have caused Jews, Arabs or sometimes both sides to be angry at USA or UK and eventually ended up with terrorist attacks. Both USA and Great Britain had started their intervention in the early 20th century; they tried to keep control over the Palestine as they knew it can be helpful in the certain situations. In 1948 just after the voting of the Resolution 181 an Arab- Israeli war has began, Army forces of Syria, Egypt, Iraq and Jordan had entered the newly self-declared state. The war resulted in Israel win causing Israel to annex territory beyond the partition borders and leaving Jerusalem as a divided city; the Best Bank, East Jerusalem. Meanwhile the old city of Jerusalem was taken over by Jordan and the Gaza strip taken by Egypt. A variety of laws facilitated the transfer of land abandoned by Arabs to state ownership. ...read more.

Middle

Soon after the Israel gained control over the Jerusalem, Palestinian residents in the city were given a permanent resident status in Israel. Egypt responded by planning a military attack on the Israel. Egypt amassed 1,000 tanks and around 100,000 troops on the border of Palestine and received big support from the other Arab countries. Israel responded with 70,000 troops. On June 5th, Israel launched an attack against Egyptian air force. Jordan which had a defence treaty signed with Egypt attacked the Jerusalem. On February 3rd, 1969 Yasser Arafat was elected as a chairman of the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization). From the start PLO used armed forces against civilian and military targets in the conflict with Israel. Eventually PLO tried to take over the population of the West Banks they failed and have been expelled by the Israeli army into Jordan. PLO acted against the Jordanian rule and eventually, King Hussein of Jordan expelled them to Lebanon. From there PLO launched a series of rocket attacks on Israel. In attempt to publicize the Palestinian cause, PLO started an international campaign against Israelis (mainly in Europe). PLO mainly used terrorism to fight against Israelis, the peak of their terrorist activity took place in 1972 and included hijacking of flight 572 and ...read more.

Conclusion

The 2008-2009 Israel- Gaza conflict started when Israel launched a military campaign in the Gaza Strip on December 27th of 2008. The aim of the operation was to stop Hamas attacks on southern Israel, and it included arresting/eliminating Hamas members and police force. Conflict broke up because a short six-month agreement between Hamas and Israel has expired and both sides couldn't agree on conditions to extend the agreement. In conclusion I don't think that the conflict between the Arabs and Jews is continuing in to the 21st century because of USA or GB intervention. This is because there is not enough evidence that any of these two countries had helped one or another to attack each other. Although terrorist acts like the World Trade Centre attack on 9/11 means that Hamas wants USA to stay out of their conflict and that Hamas will punish them. Also there is some evidence that both; USA and Great Britain had regularly sold weapons and military equipment to Arabs and Israelis which shows that they have an interest in the conflict and might want it to go on and on. ?? ?? ?? ?? Has the intervention of the USA and Great Britain caused the conflict in Palestine between the Arabs and Israelis to continue in to the 21st century? 10A1 HISTORY Kamil Kowalczyk Upper Shirley High ...read more.

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