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During the 1920's and early 1930's Germany was trying to recover from World War. Hitler's rise the power.

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During the 1920's and early 1930's Germany was trying to recover from World War. It had to pay reparations and try to rebuild the economy from bankruptcy. It was because of the weaknesses of the economy and the Weimar Government, together with the growing popularity of the Nazis that Hitler was able to become Chancellor. This essay will look at the weaknesses of the government and the strengths of the Nazis. After the First World War, Germany was forced to establish a democratic government based on proportional representation. A President headed it but the Chancellor took control of the everyday politics. In an emergency, the President could pass laws without the Weimar Government, and this was called Article 48. The main problems with the German system was that no one party had absolute control so any decisions took a long time to make since, moreover, no one party had 50% of the votes the parties had to form coalitions. This meant that parties could not always deliver their promises because they had to please the parties with which they had formed coalitions. The government was weak which made it is easier for Hitler to gain power. Using proportional representation, the Nazis gained more seats than they would have done in the 'First Past the Post' system. This meant that the Nazis could slowly build popularity and have some power even though they are not the most popular group. ...read more.


The Nazis gained 18.6& of the popular vote, securing 107 seats and becoming the second largest party in the Reichstag. Hitler's party had made its breakthrough into national politics; now he had to find a way to convert popular support into a national Socialist government led by himself. As Bullock suggests, he could use his popular support to press for inclusion in the government and the threat of the SA violence if he was excluded. Hitler acted shreudly, leaving all his options open (a Reichstag majority, a coup, Authoritarian Rule by Article 48) while steadily pursuing his goal and using his remarkable ability to retain the confidence of his often restive supporters with the help of the growing 'Hitler myth', which served as a substitute for a detailed programme. At this time, Hitler was supported by four significant factors. Firstly, there was the intensification of the depression, and secondly, the result of this was an increasing support for radical left and radical right parties from the electorate. Thirdly, there was the Reichswehr's dislike of the Republic, caused primarily by Hindenburg's pursuit of political stability in order to advance rearmament. Finally, the people had a massive disapproval for the prominence of presidential rather than parliamentary government. Whilst Hitler may have failed to win the Presidency in April 1932, his vote in the second ballot was as high as 13.4 million - it would seem that a large percentage of the population had realised that desperate times call for desperate measures, and with unemployment consistently rising, perhaps Hitler's eventual role was, by this stage, an inevitability. ...read more.


As stated in Mein Kampf, he believed that he would become a popular politician (*18). In the fourth chapter, he stated that it was time to take over the East (*19). But Hitler's popularity grew. As the left began to surge, the Nazi Party began getting more votes. At first, his support from the student academic population grew, but it was followed by an overall increase (*20). By 1929, it was obvious that the party system was failing (*21). He used his oratorical gifts to get Bruning out of power. He used sly and cunning techniques to take over the Prussian government. Hitler's approval rating doubled and he received 37.2% of the vote (*23). Eventually he became a chancellor, and the two other Nazis in parliament also held important positions. They now had the ability to use Article 48 (*24). On that date, Germany couldn't turn back. Within a week, Hitler issued a decree that allowed the government to ban public meetings and newspapers. This was to break up any non-Nazi organization (*25). He then enacted the "Emergency Decree," which gave the Nazis permission to ban freedom. This gave Hitler everything he needed to make a totalitarian state (*26). But these lasted only until 1945. Hitler then brought in the Enabling Act, which gave the administration the right to legislate and change laws. It also transferred the power from the president to the chancellor (*27). Now we see how Hitler was able to come into power using the Weimar Constitution. Article 48 was a big flaw, which guided him right into power. ...read more.

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