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Economic Problems - What was the state of the coalfield 1919-39?

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Economic Problems What was the state of the coalfield 1919-39? Between 1920 and 1926, the miner's pay was cut down. This was because the coal industry went crashing down. There was a lack of demand as well as investment. There were also very hard conditions for coal mining in south Wales. The miner's pay became so low that the workers decided to go on a general strike. The miners refused to work until they were paid what they felt they deserved. When the workers went on strike, they aimed it at the government. The government had control over how much money the workers should be paid. The workers felt that the government should look after their workers. A general strike is when everyone in the workers union goes on a strike. If you were part of the union, you would have to go on strike in protest against the low rate of pay you received. The workers wanted to control the work place, but the owners of the coal mines would lock the inside of the work place that the workers could not control the work place. This then led to unemployment. At the end of 1925 unemployment was 14.4%. This kept rising over a few years. In 1926, there was a slump in output and exports of coal in south Wales. This is when the workers went on strike. In 1925, there was 44,630 tons of coal in output and a year later, in 1926, there were only 20,273. The output of coal went down 23,357 in just a year. A year later in 1927, the output of coal went up to 46,236. Usefulness and reliability of source A1 A1 is the most reliable because it gives detail and dates of what had happened in the 1920's and 1930's. The source tells you when coal was in less demand and what the reasons for the crash were. ...read more.


Children with strep throat infections also commonly have: chills, body aches, and loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting. When, rarely, scarlet fever occurs as a result of impetigo there are areas of infected skin along with the rash, rather than a sore throat. Many people thought malnutrition was the cause of these diseases. Many people were not getting what they needed to eat because of the lack of food supplies. Usefulness and reliability of source C7 C7 is seems to be the most reliable as it is from a newspaper. The newspaper was written in February 1936. This was the lowest year ever for coal exports for quite some time. The coal export went from 19,109 in 1935 to 16,366. There were only 16,366 coal exports so we know that the search for coal was more needed. The source reports of the deaths and the accidents for the search for coal. The newspaper reports the tips and the outcrop levels were reaping an increasingly heavier toll of life and limb. The people in the area were horrified to hear about the death of a man who went on a search for coal. This was not the only person to die on the Tylorstown tip; many other young men had died there. It was also known as 'Death Tip.' The source is very good because it is from a newspaper from the time. It also gives information on what men did to look for coal. The coal would then be to keep their children warm. All these men would be the unemployed. The ones who were on strike and had very little to live on. By 1936, many families must have been desperate for things like coal and food. The food given to them at the beginning of the strike would now have run out. If they got the coal themselves they wouldn't need to pay for it. ...read more.


There were so many people going to the cinema, more cinemas needed to be opened. This proves that many people went to the cinema. So the people who regularly went to the cinema had some sort of income. So the miners who were unemployed must have had a job. If they could cloth their children and go to the cinema, why did it seem so bad for the unemployed? I find the source about the radios and other household items very useful. This is because it was put in a newspaper. Everyone needed to read a newspaper to know what was going on outside the world. When they would read the newspaper they would see little adds about household appliances. The newspaper would not put in an add for something that was too expensive for the miners and they know it would not sell. They would have to sell it at a very low price but they would probably not make any profit. They would sell the product at a price that is reasonable to the consumer, so the miners could afford it. For the miners to afford radios or even a vacuum cleaner, they would need money to buy them. When the vacuum cleaners first came out, there must have been a high demand for them as they were a new product. And the companies making these products would need people working in their factories. I would also like to investigate the amount of people going to the cinema to watch films. If I had the number of people going and how often they went, it would be easier to recognise if life was that bad for all miners. Going to the cinema still is a luxury to some people now, so back in the 1930' you must have been rich to go to the cinema, but many people went and many new cinemas opened. The amount of people going to the cinema in each town or village would make it clear if people had problems not working in the mines. Amir Khan 1 of 11 ...read more.

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