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Education and the Youth Movement in Nazi Germany

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Introduction

Education and the Youth Movement in Nazi Germany One of Hitler's biggest dreams as leader of the Nazi Party and Germany from 1933-45 was to create a "Thousand Year Reich" a Nazi German empire that would last forever. To do this Hitler needed to mould the children of Germany to serve him and the Nazi ideals. This plan was carried out by Hitler in many ways, foremost in the picture are the changes made to education system and the introduction of youth organisations such as The HitlerJugend (Hitler Youth) and the Bund Deutsche M�del (League of German Girls). As soon as Hitler gained power in 1933, he began to implement his plans for winning over the youth of Germany. He appointed a man named Bernhard Rust as the minister for education. Rust was very loyal to Hitler and the Nazi party and played an integral role in the changes that took place in the German education system. ...read more.

Middle

etc. Also introduced were courses on Eugenics, the science of selective breeding, Nazi philosophies and the party's origin and racial science including the supremacy of the Aryan or Nordic Race. Evidence of this can be found in your textbooks on page 210? Where a picture is shown of a timetable for a German Girl's school. One of the books used to study racial science in Nazi Germany was Heredity and Racial Biology for Students by Jakob Graf. Here is an extract: The Aryans (Nordic people) were tall, light-skinned, light-eyed, blond people. The Goths, Franks, Vandals, and Normans, too, were peoples of Nordic blood. It was Nordic energy and boldness that were responsible for the power and prestige enjoyed by small nations such as the Netherlands and Sweden. Everywhere Nordic creative power has built up mighty empires with high-minded ideas, and to this very day Aryan languages and cultural values are spread over a large part of the world. ...read more.

Conclusion

They were also forced to listen to hours of Nazi preaching. The aim of this organisation was to breed loyal Nazis for Hitler. However, boys did not have the monopoly on Nazi youth organisations, for girls aged 10 and up there was the Jungm�del and at 14 they got to join the Bund Deutsche M�del. They had to perform a year of service on a farm. The overall leader of the organisation was Gertrude Scholtz-Klink, a rather large and overbearing woman. The girls were also taught the Nazi ideals and were supposedly prepared for motherhood. During the war, the boys in the Hitler youth were involved heavily in air defence. As Germany began to run out of willing and healthy soldiers, HJ members were encouraged to join the 12th SS Panzer Division, commanded by the Reich's youngest general, Kurt Meyer. As The end of the war neared and Germany's desperation grew, finally members of the HJ were armed and instructed by their leaders to "fight to the death". ?? ?? ?? ?? Alex Dyer - 10EX - History ...read more.

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