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Essay on First World War (Some schools part3)

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History Coursework Part 3 The First World War In this essay I will be looking on 4 factors and whether or not they had help to break the stalemate during the First World War. The Schlieffen plan was created by Count Alfred von Schlieffen, who was the Chief of the General staff in the German army. There are a number of different aspects of the Schlieffen plan, but all were aimed at defeating France as quick as possible, preferable in under 6 weeks. The Germans believed this was possible because they defeated France in Alsace and Lorraine in the 1870's. The first aspect of the Schlieffen plan was to reduce risk of war on two fronts. The Chief of General Staff thought it would be possible to defeat France and then turn onto Russia as Russia would take a long to get itself ready for war as it is such a big country. So the Staff wanted a quick and easy victory in France so they could turn their attentions east towards Russia. The Plan had failed because of the fact that Germany was seriously slowed down by Belgium's army couple of days later backed by BEF heroic opposition. However this wouldn't be as bad if Germany hadn't underestimated Russia so highly, Russia to the great surprise of Germans had gotten ready in just 10 days This all contributed to the failure of the Schlieffen Plan which in affect had ended with a disaster. ...read more.


The defenders in the trenches were better protected. 2. 'No Man's Land' was often deep mud and covered with barbed wire. This made it very difficult for men and horses to charge quickly. 3. Both sides had large reinforcements of men and guns that could easily be brought up to support trenches under attack. 4. The generals were not used to fighting this type of warfare. They could not think of any tactic other than to keep sending men across 'No Man's Land'. 5. Before an attack the enemy trenches were always bombarded with heavy artillery to 'soften them up'. However, this simply warned the enemy that an attack was coming and took away the element of surprise. After the long and trying months in the trenches the stalemate was finally broken. It had happened in 1918 because as many people believe couple equally important reasons. The first one was the creation of new more advanced technology like tanks. Tanks were originally British idea, founded by head of the navy Winston Churchill. They were used at battle of the Somme during which they had advanced ahead of infantry, crushing all barbed-wire defences. They went through scaring Germans and bringing British morale up. Even though they might sound all perfect on the start they weren't as good as you might think. They were unreliable, used to move slowly and break really quickly. ...read more.


Because of Germany's attack everyone had to move so that's how the stalemate got broken. As Germany broke through the Allies lines in many places the enemy had to act quickly as well. So everyone was on the move and everyone was fighting. There was no more waiting in the trenches, so the stalemate was officially broken. I personally think that all those events are closely linked together and all of them are equally important in breaking the stalemate. In my opinion America joining the war was the final trigger but if there was non of the ones above than Germany wouldn't feel so pressed against the wall. New technology wouldn't be brought into the war if America had not joined in. Without the new technology the British Soldiers would have very poor morale and low chances of moving and actually breaking the stalemate and winning the war. If America had not joined the war, there would have been no new technology and German soldiers would see no point in moving. If the Blockade of German Ports would have been not put into operation than German soldiers would have normal food supplies and would have quickly re-fuel themselves and win the war. The Spring Offensive was German reaction to America moving in, to the Port Blockade and the New technology as all this made Germany feel so pressed against the wall that they had to do something. ?? ?? ?? ?? Work Produced by : Anika Kloska 10SG ...read more.

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